26 terms

Puberty

Unit 4 Key Words
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SEMINAL VESICLE
Two small glands that secrete a fluid rich in sugar that nourishes and helps sperm move.
PROSTATE GLAND
A gland that secretes fluids to make semen.
TESTICLE
A male genital gland that produces the male sex hormone called testosterone and sperm.
SCROTUM
External sac that holds the testes.
PENIS
Male reproductive organ.
SPERM DUCT/ VAS DEFERENS
A tube that carries the sperm from the testes to the urethra.
FALLOPIAN TUBE
Tubes which carry eggs from the ovaries to the uterus and which provides the place where fertilization occurs.
OVARY
Female reproductive organ. Two organs that produce ova and secrete estrogen and progesterone.
PERIOD
Shedding of the uterus lining (blood and tissue) that lasts around 3-7 days.
OVULATION
Occurs during the menstrual cycle where a mature egg is released from the ovaries. Ovulation usually occurs around day 14 of the menstrual cycle.
OVUM
A mature egg cell.
UTERUS
A hollow muscular organ in the pelvic cavity of the female, in which the embryo is nourished and develops before birth.
VAGINA
A muscular, elastic passageway that extends from the uterus to the outside of the body.
MENSTRUATION
Monthly discharge of an unfertilized egg and the lining of the uterus.
ENDOMETRIUM
Uterus lining (it thickens with blood and tissue ready for implantation and sheds if the egg is not fertilized).
ERECTION
The spongy tissue in the penis fills with blood.
CERVIX
The narrow opening of a women's uterus.
EJACULATION
The discharge of semen from the penis
FERTILIZATION
The joining of a sperm cell and an egg cell to create new life.
ESTROGEN/PROGESTERONE
Female sex hormones made in the ovaries.
TESTOSTERONE
Male sex hormone made in the testicles.
SPERM
Male sex cells produced in the testicles.
SEMEN
The fluid in which sperm are carried
URETHRA
The tube that carries urine out of the body in both men and women. Men's urethras also carry sperm.
WET DREAM
Spontaneous nocturnal emission of semen.
HORMONES
Chemical messengers produced by various glands in the body.