Georgia Virtual Learning: Coastal Ecosystems Terms
A long narrow island which runs parallel to and provides a measure of protection for the mainland
Generated by waves and currents that move sediment along the beach shore
An area of land that has soil saturated with moisture, such as a swamp, marsh, or bog
Semi-enclosed coastal body of water where fresh water form rivers or streams meets the open sea
Organisms that feed on detritus (decomposing organic matter)
Cellular metabolism in which oxygen is not used
A reef composed of coral and the organic matter
Short reef resembling a fringing reef, but more sloped; extending out and downward from a point or peninsular shore.
Reef that is directly attached to shore or borders it with an intervening shallow channel or lagoon.
Reef separated from a mainland or island shore by a deep lagoon.
An isolated, often circular reef, usually within a lagoon or embayment.
Long, narrow, and somewhat winding reef, usually associated with an atoll lagoon.
Isolated reef, approaching an atoll type, but without a lagoon.
A more or less circular or continuous barrier reef surrounding a lagoon without a central island.
Nursery community of flowering plants that live underwater.
Community along the foreshore where large animals burrow into the sand
The region of beach from beyond the waves to the vegetation line
Sloping part of the beach. The low and hide tides (internal zone)
The area seaward of the foreshore
Sometimes referred to as the internal community, where organism live within the extreme condition between the high and low tide line
Communities of trees that grow in shallow marine waters
Communities of organisms found on the sides of docks, marinas, harbors, and boats
A forest of giant kelp which grows in cool, clear costal waters
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