13 terms

Georgia Virtual Learning: Marine Plants Terms

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Phytoplankton
Tiny autotrophic organisms that float in the ocean and serve as the foundation of the marine food chain.
Diatom
Most common class of phytoplankton that are made from two small pieces of silica
Dinoflagellate
Group of autotrophic protista found in the ocean that move using a whiplike projection
Gonyaulax
Dinoflagellates found in fresh and marine waters with two flagella often cause red tide
Gymnodinium
Marine or fresh water disk-shaped dinoflagellates known to cause algal blooms
Red tide
Common name for such a phenomenon where certain phytoplankton "bloom" such that the water appears to be color red. Most often not harmful.
Algae
Group of photosynthetic, eukaryotic, autotrophic, plant-like organisms, but lack plant-like structures such as leaves, roots, flowers, and seeds.
Nonvascular
Plants lacking tubes to transport food and water such as xylem and phloem, instead they transport substances via diffusion
Benthic algae
Algae that grow on the sediment at the bottom of a body of water
Rockweed
Species of brown algae seaweed often referred to as Sargassum
Kelp
Large brown algae seaweed which can grow very long and form kelp forests
Marine grass
Grass such as eel grass and turtle grass which has adapted to grow underwater
Mangrove
Trees adapted to growing in shallow sea water
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