12 terms

Georgia Virtual Learning: Introduction to Oceanography Terms

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Geological oceanography
The study of the shape and features of the ocean floor
Chemical oceanography
Discusses seawater composition and biochemical cycles
Physical oceanography
Discusses water density, temperature, and pressure, and also waves.
Marine oceanography
The study of the plants and animals of the ocean
Basin
A natural or hollow place containing water
Cartographer
One who produces maps or charts
John Harrison
English clockmaker who invented the marine chronometer
Matthew Maury
Father of modern oceanography who charted the winds and ocean currents
Charles Darwin
Naturalist who traveled on the Beagle to discover the geology of islands and formation of coral reefs
Challenger
The English Navy's HMS Challenger was a corvette, 200 feet long, 40 feet wide.
Ocean resources
Some of Earth's most valuable living and nonliving resources such as food, minerals, and crude oils.
Oceanography
A branch of Earth science which outlines the study of the Earth's oceans and seas
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