15 terms

Georgia Virtual Learning: Oceanography As Science Terms

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Scientific method
The collective of the steps used to prove or disprove a hypothesis
Hypothesis
A tentative assumption used to test an idea.
Theory
Scientifically accepted principle based on repeated conclusions
Law
A phenomena based on invariable scientific theory
Observation
The act of recognizing an occurrence by using one of the five senses
Qualitative
Measurement of or relating to character or attributes that can not be defined in numbers
Quantitative
Measurement by numbers involving a determinate or estimated amount
Inference
To guess based on recent observations
Experimental design
A procedure carried out under controlled conditions to test an idea
Variable
The part of the experiment that changes, either by the experimenter or as a result of the experiment
Constant
The part of the experiment that does not change, but remains consistent as a basis for comparison
Manipulated/independent variable
The variable that is selected and controlled by the experimenter
Responding/dependent variable
The variable that is observed and recorded as a reaction to the experiment
Line graph
A type of graph that is used to show change over time
Bar graph
A type of graph that is used to show comparison
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