53 terms

Psychology

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Frontal Lobe
CEO of brain
- planning, strategizing, organizing
Corpus Callous
thick cable of nerves, connects two halves of brain
- creativity, high thinking
- larger in female, result good multitask
Limbic Cortex
- responsible for regulating emotions
- larger in female
Parietal cortex
- responsible for spacial awareness, larger in male
Amygdala
where fear is processed
Cerebellum
changes most during teenage years
_______ is contralateral
the brain
- two hemispheres
- left controls right side of body
- right controls left side of body
male vs female brains
- male brains are 10% larger, female brains are tightly packed
brain plasticity/neuroplasticity
ability of brain to change throughout life, adapting to change by experiance
Prefrontal cortex
decision making process
- why teens are risky - bc it's still developing
dopamine
what brain releases when doing pleasurable things
- brain likes that feeling and wants more
- most intense during development stage
- risky things are more dangerous for ppl who's prefrontal cortex are still developing
- can lead to addiction
higher testosterone = ___________
more competitive and risky
- if ring finger is longer - exposed to it during mom's pregnancy = stronger cardiovascular system
Dr. Daphne Joel
we have mosaic brains
- each brain is different - no such thing as male or female brain
- body can adapt and change through neuroplaticity and become more like the other sex brain
- under stress
Sleep
Sigmund freud
- repairs body and deals with stress
- 4 stages (90-120 min)
- stages are repeated
- dreams occur during any stage
Sleep Cycle
Stage 1: Light Sleep, NREM
Stage 2: NREM
Stage 3: Deep Sleep
Stage 4: REM (dreams are here)
repeat cycle
Dreams
story like sequence, refers to irl events
Recurrent Dreams
negative topics in dream caused by stress
Blank Slate Theory
John Locke
- babies are born with clean slate, neither good or bad
babies are born _____
nice
- kid's can't lie
most human thoughts and behaviour is the result of _______
learning, especially first few years in life
Innate drives
instinctive, nature, things that weren't taught
Conditioned Learning
learn to respond to particular stimulus in particular way
- conditioned to associate
stimulis
objects or events that produce a natural response
Ivan Pavlov
Classical conditioning
- rings bell when gave dog food, causes dog's mouth to water every time bell is rung
Classical Conditioning
takes stimulus which causes natural reaction and behaviour, try to get that same behaviour by switching to non natural stimulus
BF Skinner
Operant conditioning
- pigeons
Operant conditioning
giving rewards and punishments repetitively to learn behaviour
Goal of operant conditioning
when subject no longer needs reinforcements to do behaviour
reinforcement
things to get someone to keep desired behaviour
positive reinforcement
adding a reward
negative reinforcement
taking away negative experience
Dr. Watson
proves conditioning
- rat vs baby albert
- scared baby every time rat is released
- baby developed phobia of rats
Albert Bandora
Observational learning
observational learning
learn by observing role models
1. observe
2. retain
3. reproduce
4. motivate
Types of memories
- episodic
- semantic
- procedural
episodic memory
remembering past events
semantic
how world works
procedural
how things work
levels of memory
- sensory
- short term
- long term
Maslow
Maslow's Hierarchy
Maslow's hierarchy
need to fulfill fundamental needs before moving up
Harlow
proved maslow hierarchy
- moneky vs dolls
Sigmund Freud (iceberg)
- through process of socialization, ego and superego develops to control basic drives of id
ego
rational, morals
superego
satisfies needs of impulsive mind and moral ego
id
instinct drives, operates on pleasure seeking
Jean Piaget
Cognitive Development
- socialization is important to mental development
Cognitive Development
- stages of mental development
1. sensorimotor stage (direct experience)
2. pre operational stage (mountain task)
3. concrete operational stage (can see other's pov)
4. formal operational stage
mountain task
children assumes the other person would see from their POV
charles horton cooley
the looking glass
the looking glass
sense of self identity is developed through socialization
- we look at ourselves from how others see us
George herbert
mead and role taking
- self develop thru social
role taking stages (george herbert)
1. preparatory stage - imitate ppl around
2. play stage - acting adult roles
3. game stage - taking roles