Electronic Media Regulation

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Federal Radio Commision
A federal agency established by the Federal Radio Act in 1927 to oversee radio broadcasting. It was succeeded by the Federal Communications Commission in 1934
Federal Communications Commission
An independent U.S. government agency, directly responsible to Congress, charged with regulating interstate and international communications by radio, television, wire, satellite and cable. It was established by the Communications Act of 1934; its jurisdiction covers the 50 states, the District of Columbia and U.S. possessions.
Notice of Proposed Rule Making
A notice issued by the FCC announcing that the commission is considering changing certain of its regulations or adopting new rules
Spectrum scarcity
the limitation that arises because only a certain number of broadcast radio and television stations in a geographical area may use the spectrum without causing interference with other stations' signals. It is the primary reason courts give for allowing Congress and the FCC to regulate broadcasters.
Lowest unit rate
The maximum rate a broadcaster or cable system may charge a politician for advertising time during the 45 days before primary elections and 60 days before general elections.
Zapple rule
A political broadcasting rule that allows a candidate's supporters equal opportunity to use broadcast stations if the candidate's opponents' supporters use the stations.
Franchise
A contract or agreement between a government, usually a city, and a cable system operator
franchising authority
the governmental unit granting a franchise to a cable system operator; usually a city, but may also be a state or county.
Franchise fees
the charges cable companies pay to franchising authorities for the right to use public rights-of-way
Retransmission consent
Part of the federal cable television law allowing broadcast television stations to negotiate.
PEG access channels
Channels that cable systems set aside for public, educational and government use
non duplication rules
FCC regulations requiring cable systems not to carry certain programming that is available through local broadcast stations.
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