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34 terms

Abnormal Psychology

Abnormal Psychology Ch 6 / 6 th edition I DO NOT OWN THIS! It belongs to McGrawHill
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Hypochondriasis
A somatoform disorder characterized by the misinterpretation of normal bodily functions as signs of serious illness.
Coping
The process through which people reduce stress.
Depersonalization disorder
A dissociative disorder in which the individual experiences recurrent and persistent episodes of depersonalization.
Body dysmorphic disorder
A somatoform disorder in which individuals are preoccupied with the idea that a part of their body is ugly or defective.
Munchausen's syndrome
An extreme form of factitious disorder in which the individual goes to great lengths to maintain a sick role.
Continuous amnesia
Inability to recall past events from a particular date up to and including the present time.
Malingering
The fabrication of physical or psychological symptoms for some ulterior motive.
Problem-focused coping
Coping in which the individual takes action to reduce stress by changing whatever it is about the situation that makes it stressful.
Primary gain
The relief from anxiety or responsibility due to the development of physical or psychological symptoms.
Dissociative amnesia
An inability to remember important personal details and experiences; is usually associated with traumatic or very stressful events.
Hypnotherapy
A method of therapy in which hypnosis is used for various purposes, such as helping a person recall repressed memories.
Factitious disorder
A disorder in which people fake symptoms or disorders not for the purpose of any particular gain, but because of an inner need to maintain a sick role.
Generalized amnesia
Inability to remember anything from one's past.
Alters
The alternative personalities that develop in an individual with dissociative identity disorder.
Localized amnesia
Inability to remember all events that occurred in a specific time period.
Sociocognitive model of dissociative identity disorder
The view that an individual who appears to have dissociative identity disorder might be enacting a social role.
Hysterical neurosis
A term used by Freud to describe conversion disorder, implying that it is a reaction to anxiety.
Behavioral medicine
An interdisciplinary approach to medical conditions affected by psychological factors that is rooted in learning theory.
Selective amnesia
Inability to remember some, but not all, events that occurred in a specified time period.
La belle indifférence
Lack of concern by some people with a conversion disorder over what might otherwise be construed as very disturbing physical problems.
Host
The central personality of an individual with dissociative identity disorder.
Stress
The unpleasant emotional reaction that a person has when an event is perceived by an individual as threatening.
Dissociative identity disorder
A dissociative disorder, formerly called multiple personality disorder, in which an individual develops more than one self or personality.
Psychological factors affecting medical conditions
Situations in which psychological or behavioral factors have an adverse effect on a medical condition.
Psychoneuroimmunology
The study of connections among psychological stress, nervous system functioning, and the immune system.
Dissociative fugue
A dissociative disorder in which a person, confused about personal identity, suddenly and unexpectedly travels to another place and is unable to recall past history or identity.
Stressor
An event that disrupts the individual's life; also called a stressful life event.
Secondary gain
The sympathy and attention that a sick person receives from other people.
Pain disorder
A somatoform disorder in which the only symptom is pain that has no physiological basis.
Emotion-focused coping
A type of coping in which a person does not change anything about the situation itself, but instead tries to improve feelings about the situation.
Somatoform disorders
A variety of conditions in which psychological conflicts become translated into physical problems or complaints.
Conversion disorder
A somatoform disorder involving the translation of unacceptable drives or troubling conflicts into physical symptoms.
Somatization disorder
A somatoform disorder in which multiple and recurrent bodily symptoms, which lack a physiological basis, are the expression of psychological issues.
Factitious disorder by proxy (Munchausen's syndrome by proxy)
A condition in which a person induces physical symptoms in another person who is under that person's care.