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USMC Knowledge (BST & Board Questions)
Marine's study guide used for BST and Boards.
Terms in this set (826)
By an act of the Continental congress, the United States Marine Corps became a regular branch of our country's service when?
November 10, 1775
Who established the United States Marine Corps?
Captain Samuel Nicholas
Where was the United States Marine Corps established?
Tun Tavern, PA
Who was the proprietor of the tavern?
Peg Mullen, Robert Mullen's wife.
Who was the first Marine Corps recruiter?
The Marine Corps as it exists today, was formed when?
July 11, 1798
What is the symbol of the United States Marine Corps?
The Eagle, Globe, and Anchor
What does each symbol recognize?
The Eagle- recognizes our nation. The Globe- recognizes our worldwide service. The Anchor- recognizes our naval traditions
The Eagle, Globe, and Anchor was adopted when?
Who adopted the Eagle, Globe, and Anchor?
Brig. General Jacob Zealin, 7th Commandant, USMC
The term Leatherneck comes from where?
From when the Marines wore a leather strap to protect their neck from enemy swords, from 1798-1880.
What is the Marine Corps motto?
What was the Marine Corps motto before "Semper Fidelis"?
"By land, by sea"
When was the Marine Corps motto changed to "Semper Fidelis"?
Where do Marines get the nickname "Devil Dog"?
From the battle of Belleau Wood in June 1918
Who was the first Marine Corps aviator?
A. A. Cunningham, in 1912
Who was the first woman Marine?
Opha M. Johnson, on August 13, 1918
Who was the first Marine helo pilot to receive the Medal of Honor?
Major Stephen Pless
Who was the first Marine pilot to shoot down an enemy plane?
1st Lt. E. S. Brewer
Who was the first female Marine Warrant Officer?
CWO Ruth L. Wood
Who was the first Marine Officer to die in battle?
Captain John Fitzpatrick
Which Marine served the longest term as Commandant?
How long did Archibald Henderson serve as Commandant?
How much time does a person have to dawn and clear the gas mask?
Which Commandant installed the office of Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps?
The 21st Commandant, General Pate; in 1957
On Feb. 20, 1962, one of the Marine Corps' finest pilots manned the first capsule to orbit the earth. Who was it?
Lieutenant Colonel John H. Glenn
When was the dress blue uniform adopted?
On August 24, 1797
Who adopted the dress blue uniform?
Sec. of War James McHenry
The Mameluke sword was presented to whom?
Lt. Presley N. O'Bannon
Who presented the Mameluke sword to Lt. Presley O'Bannon?
The Pasha of Tripoli
How many Marines were killed on the island of Iwo Jima?
Approx. 5,931 Marines
How many Marines died on the first day at Iwo Jima?
Approx. 2,500 Marines
Of the six Americans pictured raising the flag over Mt. Suribachi, how many left the island alive?
How many Marines suffered casualties at Iwo Jima?
How many Japanese would become prisoners at Iwo Jima?
Fewer than 200, the rest, almost 26,000, fought to their death.
Who coined the phrase "Uncommon valor was a common virtue" on the island of Iwo Jima?
Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz
Who said "The raising of that flag on Mt. Suribachi means a Marine Corps for the next 500 years?
Sec. of Navy James V. Forrestal
Who took the picture of the flag rising on Mt. Suribachi?
How many Marines received the Medal of Honor during WWII?
How many Marines received the Medal of Honor for their heroic acts on the island of Iwo Jima?
The last offensive battle of W.W.II was?
How many Kamikaze planes were sent against our fleet at Okinawa?
On Aug. 9, 1945 the B-29 "Enola Gay" released the first Atomic bomb on what city?
How many Japanese were killed from the A-bomb dropped on Hiroshima?
On Aug. 9, 1945 the second Atomic bomb was released on what city?
How many Japanese were killed from the A-bomb dropped on Nagasaki?
In W.W.II who stated, "I have just returned from visiting the Marines at the front, and there is not a finer fighting organization in the world?
General Douglas MacArthur
On what battleship did the Japanese surrender, ending W.W.II?
The U.S.S. Missouri
At the Chosin Reservoir who stated "So they've got us surrounded, good, now we can fire in any direction. The bastards won't get away this time!"
Colonel Chesty Puller
Why was replacement Marines sent to Pickle Meadows, California before going into the Korean War?
Cold weather training
Of the 7,190 Americans taken prisoner during the Korean War, how many were Marines?
Marines have carried out more than _____ landings on foreign shores.
The Marine Corps motto "Semper Fidelis," which appears on the Marine Corps emblem, is Latin for?
The Marine Corps' mascot, an English bulldog named "Chesty," is named for which fine and brave Marine Corps officer?
Lewis B. Puller
Corporal Ira H. Hayes is remembered for participating in the famous flag rising on?
In New Providence, Bahamas, what was the name of the fort that was taken without a shot?
How many Marines comprised the war party in Tripoli?
After the attack on Pearl Harbor, what two islands were invaded by the Japanese?
Guam and Wake
When did the Japanese officially surrender?
2 September 1945
In Vietnam why was it important to take hills 881 North and South?
To deny the North Vietnamese control of the Quang Tri province and Khe Sanh
What was the name of the operation that involved the protecting of rice crops from Guerrillas?
What three battles comprised the three crosses of war in World War I?
Belleau Wood, Mont Blanc, and Soissons
What was the name of the bomb dropped on Hiroshima?
Name the conflicts that occurred since World War II?
Korea, Vietnam, Dominican Republic, Iran, Lebanan, Grenada, SS Mayaguez
Name the only Marine to win Five Navy Crosses?
Lieutenant General Louis "Chesty" Puller
What was the first American outpost to fall to the Japanese?
How long were the hostages held in the American embassy in Tehran, Iran?
Where was the first amphibious assault after World War II?
What landing craft vehicle is used to transport Marines on land and sea?
In the battle of Belleau Wood a French officer advised Captain Lloyd Williams that he too should withdraw, what was Williams's reply?
"Retreat, Hell! We just got here!"
What was Lieutenant Colonel Anthony Gale convicted of in his court martial in October 1820?
Conduct unbecoming to an officer
In what war were the most Marines killed and died of wounds?
World War II (1941-1945)- 19,733
In what war were the most Marines wounded in action?
Southeast Asia (1961-1975)- 88,591 Marines wounded
In what war did the Marines have the most Casualties, all causes?
Southeast Asia (1961-1975)- 103,255 Casualties, all causes
Who officially recognized Scarlet and Gold as the official Marine Corps colors?
General John A. Lejeune
Who was the first Commandant of the Marine Corps appointed by the President?
William Ward Burrows
What was the name of the plane that dropped the atom bomb on Nagasaki?
How many bombing missions were flown in World War I?
What battle was the first sea born assault against a coral Attoll?
Whose Marines wore Red uniforms that are commemorated by the red piping on the Dress Blue Uniform?
John Paul Jones'
Who is known as "The Grand Old Man" of the Marine Corps?
Brigadier General Archibald Henderson
What was the last amphibious operation of the Civil War?
The Capture of Fort Fisher, Virginia
What units are authorized to wear the French Forregeare?
Fifth and Sixth Marine Regiments and the Sixth Machine Gun Battalion
Aside from a warning against chemical agents, what other standard NATO marker is RED with YELLOW lettering?
Who were the first two black Marines to enlist in the Marine Corps?
Alfred Masters and George Thompson
What was the purpose of operation Starlight in Vietnam?
To deny the Vietnamese their sanctuaries along the coast.
What year was the Code of Conduct written?
What happened on August 6, 1945?
The Atom Bomb was dropped on Hiroshima
Who is the most decorated Marine in Marine Corps history?
Lieutenant General Louis "Chesty" Puller
What has a copyright dated 19 August 1919?
The Marine Corps Hymn
What was the first unit to ever occupy Japanese soil?
Fourth Marine Regiment
What was the largest amphibious operation in the Pacific?
Who was known as Manilla John?
Who are the United States Marines direct descendants of?
The British Royal Marines
Who was the only Marine relieved of the office as Commandant as a result of a court-martial?
Lieutenant Colonel Anthony Gale
Who was the first Marine to win the Medal of Honor?
Corporal John Mackey
What city was saved by the Battle of Belleau Wood?
Who was the first Marine to loop a Seaplane?
Major Francis Evans
Who the first Marine to lead an Army division into battle?
General John A. Lejeune
Who was the first black Marine Officer?
What was the most successful regimental campaign of the Vietnam conflict?
Operation Dewey Canyon
What was the first medal ever awarded?
The Purple Heart
Where were Marines evacuated from in operation Eagle Pull?
In what battle did the United States defeat, for the first time, Communist Chinese Forces?
The Chosin Reservoir
What was the name of the fortress taken in the Battle of Tripoli?
The Fortress of Derna
Who was the first Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps?
Sergeant Major Wilbur Bestwick
What incident sparked the war with Spain?
The sinking of the USS Main
What was Belleau Wood called after the battle of Belleau Wood?
The Wood of the Marine Brigade
What United States ship was captured in 1975 by Cambodians in International waters?
What was established by the Marine Corps in July 1798, the first of any of the services?
The Marine Corps Band
What developmental concept had its beginnings during The Spanish American War?
The Seizure of Advance Naval Bases
Who was the first General Officer in the Marine Corps?
General Archibald Henderson
Who won the Medal of Honor at Cuzco Wells for shifting Naval Gunfire?
Sergeant John Quick
Who was the first woman Marine General?
Brigadier General Margaret Brewer
Who authorized the Marine Corps to form?
What two significant things did William Ward Burrows accomplish?
He moved Headquarters Marine Corps from Philadelphia to Washington D.C. and *He established the Marine Corps Band,
Where did the Marines first land during the Spanish American War?
Guantanamo Bay, Cuba
What happened on December 7, 1941?
The Japanese launched an attack on Pearl Harbor
Who was the first enlisted pilot in the Marine Corps?
Gunnery Sergeant Archie Paschel
Where did Marines first use Vertical Envelopment?
The Korean War
What two operations removed Marines from Vietnam?
Frequent Wind and Eagle Pull
What incident was considered to have caused World War II?
The assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria
Why was Tarawa so significant in the development of the amphibious doctrine?
Marines had to wade 500 yards to shore because of the tide.
Where did John Basilone win the Medal of Honor?
Where did Smedley Butler win his two Medals of Honor?
Haiti and Vera Cruz
The Battle of Bull Run in the North is known as what battle in the South?
What Parallel was reinforced during the Korean War?
The 38th Parallel
Where did Dan Daley win his two Medals of Honor?
Boxer Rebellion and Haiti
What did Lieutenant Colonel Earl Ellis Do?
He predicted the bombing of Pearl Harbor
What was the first major American offensive of the Vietnam conflict?
Who commanded more troops than any Marine General?
General Robert E. Cushman
Who was the Senior Officer in the Continental Marines?
Captain Samuel Nicholas
Who wrote on his hatch, "Have gone to Florida to fight the Indians. Will be back when the war is over?"
What does the red piping on the enlisted dress blues commemorate?
John Paul Jones Marines Red Coats
Who is known as the "Magnificent Bastards?"
The Fourth Marine Regiment
Who is known as the commandants own?
The Marine Corps drum and Bugle Corps
Why was the Quatrefoil originated?
To distinguish officers from foe by sharpshooters in the ships riggings.
What were the first female Marines called?
What items were first used by Marines in the Korean War?
Helicopters and Flak Jackets
What was the first offensive operation involving Marines in W.W.II?
What was the bloodiest battle of W.W.II fought by Marines?
Which historical incidents are commemorated in the opening lines of the Marine's Hymn?
Halls of Montezuma- Mexican War, ...Shores of Tripoli- Barbary Pirates war
What is the oldest rank in the Marine Corps?
Who was the first Sergeant Major?
Sergeant Major Summers
Who was the first Medal of Honor recipient in Vietnam?
Corporal Robert E. O'Malley
Name five wars that Marines fought in from 1775-1940.
Revolutionary war, Naval war with France, War with Tripoli, Florida Indian war, Mexican war, Civil war, Dominican Republic
Name three islands that Marines landed on during WW II.
Solomon Islands, Guadalcanal, New Georgia, Bougainville, Gilbert islands, Tarawa, Marshall Islands, Roi-Namur, Kwajalien
Who designed the Marine Corps seal and when was it adopted?
General Shepherd, 20th Commandant, in 1954 the President approved it.
Who was the 1st Black General?
Brigadier General Peterson
How long did the "Grand old man", Archibald Henderson, serve in the Marine Corps?
What was the mission in the Marines first amphibious landing?
Seize arms and ammunition for Gen. Washington's Army.
What is the birthdate of the Fleet Marine Force?
What is considered the birthplace of close air support?
Nicaragua (Banana Wars)
Which of the following is the origin of the Marine Corps?
Created on 10 November 1775, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania by a resolution of the continental Congress.
Which of the following is the motto of the Marine Corps?
Which of the following lists four significant battles in Marine Corps history?
Bladensburg, Belleau Wood, Guadalcanal, Chosin reservoir
Who wears the only red coat worn by American forces since the Revolutionary War?
Any member of the Marine Corps Band
The official mission of the Marine Corps is established in the?
National Security Act of 1947, amended in 1952.
What is the mission of the Marine Corps?
The official mission of the Marine Corps is established in the National Security Act of 1947 (amended in 1952). Marines are trained, organized and equipped for offensive amphibious employment and as a "Force in Readiness"
According to the official mission of the Marine Corps, Marines are trained, organized, and equipped for offensive amphibious employment and as a?
Force in readiness
What are the four elements of a MAGTF (Marine Air Ground Task Force)?
What is the largest Marine Air Ground Task Force?
MAF- Marine Amphibious Force
What are the three types of MAGTF?
MEU- Marine Expeditionary unit, MEB- Marine Expeditionary Battalion, MEF- Marine Expeditionary Force
How many Marine Divisions are there and where are they located?
1st Mar. Div.- Camp Pendleton, California, 2nd Mar. Div.- Camp Lejeune, North Carolina, 3rd Mar. Div.- Okinawa, Japan, 4th Mar. Div.- New Orleans, Louisiana
How many aircraft wings are there and where are they located?
1st Marine Aircraft wing- IwaKuni, Japan, 2nd Marine Aircraft wing- Cherry Point, North Carolina, 3rd Marine Aircraft wing- El Toro, California, 4th Marine Aircraft wing- New Orleans, Louisiana
What are the Core Values that are set forth by the Commandant?
What do they mean?
Honor: Integrity, Responsibility, and Accountability. Courage: Do the right thing, in the right way, for the right reasons. Commitment: Devotion to the Corps and my fellow Marines.
What does the UCMJ stand for?
Uniform Code of Military Justice
What is the purpose of the military justice system?
To establish a means for ensuring good order and discipline within the military community.
For nonjudicial proceedings under Article 31, an accused Marine has the right to?
A. Know the nature of the accusation
The article of the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ) concerning disrespect toward a superior commissioned officer is article?
What is the MCM?
The Manual for Courts Martial
What are the Punitive Articles of the UCMJ?
Name four rights of the accused.
Innocent until proven guilty, Right to remain silent, Right to be represented by a lawyer , Protection against Double Jeopardy, Right to call witnesses, Right to sentence review, Right to a speedy trial, Right to be informed of charges, Right to an interpreter, Protection against illegal search and seizure, Right to challenge members of the court, Right to have enlisted representation on the court, Right to be tried by a military judge, Right to a court martial
What article of the UCMJ deals with the rights of the accused?
Who can be tried by a Summary Court Martial?
Only Enlisted Personnel
How many enlisted members is an officer entitled to have as part of the jury for a Special Court-Martial?
What is Article 15 of the UCMJ?
What is Article 86 of the UCMJ?
What is Article 91 of the UCMJ?
Disrespect or insubordinate conduct to an NCO; Disobedience of a Lawful Order
What is Article 138 of the UCMJ?
Complaints of wrongs against your C.O.
What are the four sources of military law?
The U.S. Constitution, Court decisions, UCMJ, & International law
What is Article 87 of the UCMJ?
Missing in Movement
What is the purpose of NJP?
Provide commanders with an essential and prompt means of maintaining good order and discipline.
Which of the following can serve as the NJP authority for the purpose of administering NJP?
Commanders and officers in charge.
What is the purpose of a preliminary inquiry?
To gather pertinent information of the matter so that the officer with NJP authority can decide whether or not to conduct NJP.
What is the purpose of the Unit Punishment Book?
To keep a record of each NJP held by a unit during the year.
Which of the following lists three of the rights of the accused under Article 15 and Article 31 of the UCMJ?
The right to demand a court-martial, remain silent, and examine any documents or physical objects used in connection with the case.
Which lists the four actions that the commanding officer can take in NJP?
Dismiss the charges, impose an authorized punishment, refer the offender to a superior NJP authority, and refer the case to a court-martial.
Who should be present or on standby during NJP?
The accused's OIC and SNCOIC, accuser, witnesses, first sergeant, and a legal clerk.
Which of the following lists three of the maximum punishments that a commanding officer holding the rank of captain and below can impose in NJP?
Correctional custody for 7 days, extra duties for 14 days, and restriction for 14 days.
Which lists three of the maximum punishments that a commanding officer holding the rank of major or above can impose in NJP?
Correctional custody for 30 days, reduction to the lowest or any intermediate grade, and restriction for 45 days.
How long does the accused have to submit an appeal after receiving NJP?
Who provides relocation assistance for Marines?
The Marine Corps Family Service Center
What is the purpose of the office of Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps?
To serve as the senior enlisted advisor to the Commandant.
An opening in the rail giving access to a ship, or a command announcement to stand aside to let someone through best describes what?
What is the highest point on a hill from which the slopes and surrounding lower terrain can be observed and covered by fire?
A military crest
When is the expression "Aye Aye Sir" used?
When acknowledging a verbal order
Which side is port?
What holds a sword to the belt?
What does LAAW stand for?
Light Assault Antitank Weapon
What is the name of the shoulder boards that Naval Officers wear?
What is a LST?
*Landing Ship Tank
Liberty differs from leave in that it is?
Granted as a privilege, not earned
How many days of annual leave does a Marine accrue per month?
Wearing civilian clothing is extended to enlisted personnel by the Commandant as a?
Appropriate civilian attire should be commensurate with the high standards of the corps and present?
A Conservative personal appearance.
How do you report to an officer who is seated at their desk?
Halt 6 inches from, and centered in front of their desk, give the appropriate greeting (good morning, good afternoon, good evening sir/mam), and report: Rank, name ____ reporting to the company commander, company 1st Sgt, or whoever, as ordered.
Do Marines salute an Officer in civilian attire?
As a participant in a non-military funeral, may a Marine follow the civilian custom and uncover (rather than salute) when such honors are called for, as during the procession to the grave and the lowering of the body?
If the National Anthem or Colors is played while in formation, may a Marine salute or face the source of music on the first note?
NO, salute only on the order "Present Arms"
What is on the license plate of the official sedan of the Commandant of the Marine Corps?
What does the Marine Band receive after they serenade the Commandant on New Years Day?
Where is the battle color of the Marine Corps located?
Marine Barracks, Eighth and Eye Street
When do you wear a cover indoors?
When under arms, on duty
What is recognized as an International distress signal?
Flying the National Ensign upside down
Where is the Field of Blue placed on a coffin?
Over the bodies head and left shoulder
What time are colors raised?
What are the official colors of the Marine Corps?
Scarlet and Gold
Can a salute be rendered when uncovered?
Yes. When not to salute might cause a misunderstanding. When serving with the Army or the Air Force where it is customary
While in a reviewing stand, if the colors approach, how many paces away are the colors when you render a hand salute?
Are you required to salute an officer if he is in civilian clothes?
If in the messhall and called to attention, what do you do?
Do not rise. Stop eating and keep silent
Who uses the starboard accommodation ladder aboard a naval vessel?
What is the saluting distance?
Six to Thirty paces
A commanding officer's wish has the impact of what?
A direct order
How many musical notes are in carry on?
Who is the senior member of the color guard?
The Color Sergeant
What is Marine Corps I?
The helicopter set aside for presidential flights
Who enters an automobile first?
The Junior Marine
In a formation with all services, where is the Marine Corps placed?
Behind or to the Left of the Army
If capture is inevitable, what must the senior man do?
Burn the colors and standards
How far do you stand away from a senior Marine that you reporting to?
When passing an Officer on foot and traveling in the same direction, what is the appropriate action?
Come abreast and in step, salute, and say "By your leave sir." Wait for the Officer to say "Granted" or "Carry On" before you pass.
What military services authorize their NCOs to carry swords?
Only the Marine Corps.
When debarking a vessel or vehicle, which leaves first- the junior or the senior?
Where does the Canton Bell Hang?
At Quantico, VA
Who gets the first piece of cake on 10 November?
The oldest Marine
In a Naval formation, where do Marines stand?
Head of column or right of line
How many lines of Latitude are shown on the Marine Corps Emblem?
What are the two Non Punitive types of Mast?
Meritorious Mast and Request Mast
What items are on the button of the Alpha blouse?
An Eagle, an Anchor, and Thirteen Stars
What do the thirteen stars on the Alpha button represent?
The original Colonies
Which two ranks can the collar emblems not be switched?
Gunner- One of the collar insignia is a bursting bomb, Colonel- The eagles are facing opposite
In a Military parade, with all services present, what place does the Marine Corps take?
It is a myth that the belt loops on the Dress Service trousers represent something. What do they represent?
There are seven belt loops, representing the seven seas.
In which of the following situations would you not salute?
When guarding prisoners
You are in the enlisted club at a social event. What is an appropriate greeting when addressing a Staff Sergeant?
Good afternoon, Staff Sergeant.
What is the shape of a properly folded flag?
Which of the following is the order that sets forth cautions on handling the National Ensign?
Executive order of President Taft, October 29, 1912
When does "colors" take place?
At 0800 and sunset
What is the origin of Marine Corps' Mess Nights?
Fourth Marine Regiment in Shanghai China, 1920's
Which of the following lists three participants in a Mess Night?
President of the Mess, Vice-President of the mess, Guest of Honor
Who is traditionally the President of the Mess?
Junior SNCO or NCO
Who is traditionally the Vice President of the Mess?
Junior SNCO or NCO
Which of the following constitutes fraternization?
A Captain dating a staff NCO *A lance corporal married to a staff NCO
Fraternization is defined as undue familiarity between and among Marines of different?
Male Marines' sideburns will not extend below the?
Top of the ear orifice.
What is the maximum length of a mustache hair fully extended?
What are the grooming requirements for sideburns?
Will not extend below top of orifice of ear.
What is the width of the finished scarlet NCO stripe worn on the dress blue trouser?
1 1/8 inches
What is the width of the finished scarlet stripe worn on the dress blue trousers worn by officers?
Socks are marked on the outside where?
On the top of the foot.
Which is permitted for the camouflage uniform?
Women Marine First Sergeant/ Master Sergeant and above chevrons are sewn on the long sleeve khaki shirt where?
4 inches below the shoulder seam and centered
According to Marine Corps regulations, which uniform clothing should be marked?
All individual clothing
Where are duffel bags marked?
Outside on the bottom of the bag.
Hook-on ties are marked where?
Inside near the top
What reference states the procedures for marking individual clothing?
Gunnery Sergeant and below chevrons are sewn on the short sleeve khaki shirt?
Centered on the sleeve
How should women wear the standard blouse style shirt with skirt or slacks?
Where is the service stripe is placed on the service coat?
At a 30-degree angle and 1/2 inch above the cuff.
Neckties are marked inside where?
In the neck loop
The belt tip of the cotton khaki web belt should extend beyond the buckle how far?
Gunnery Sergeant and below chevrons are sewn on the long sleeve khaki shirt?
4 inches down and centered
How are service stripes placed in the Alpha Blouse?
One half inch above the point of the cuff at a thirty-degree angle.
What is the width of the khaki belt?
One and one quarter inch
What is the minimum heel height for pumps?
What is the maximum heel height for pumps?
Two and one half inches
What is the Marine Corps order for uniform regulations?
What are the two types of shoes worn by female Marines?
Pumps and Oxfords
What is the proper length of the web belt?
The end of the tip should extend 2-4 inches past the buckle.
How is the chevron placed on the short sleeve shirt?
Centered on the sleeve.
How is the chevron placed on the long sleeve shirt?
4 inches below the shoulder seam and centered- E1 through E7 *3 inches below the shoulder seam and centered- E8/E9
What does OSD stand for in an OSD Badge?
Office of the Secretary of Defense
Which of the following grades must have a witnessing officer when being issued or buying outer uniform clothing of footwear?
E-3 and below
Where can you find instructions for altering uniform clothing?
Marine Corps Uniform Fitting and Alterations Manual
How long is the sleeve on the long sleeve shirt?
2" above the second joint from the end of the thumb
What is the length of the hem on the trouser legs?
2 ½" to 3"
Which of the following is the proper amount of pinching of material in the chest on the service coat?
Which of the following is the proper length of the all-weather coat?
Midway between the knee and the midcalf
Which of the following lists the authorized alterations to the frame and garrison caps?
No alterations are authorized
Who has the final say in fitting footwear?
Which of the following lists the priority of fitting for female Marine long sleeve shirts?
The bust measurement, shoulders, and sleeve
Which of the following is the proper length of the skirt?
+/- 1" the center of the kneecap.
Which of the following is the maximum authorized hem for the service and dress slacks?
Which of the following is the length of the sleeves on the female Marine service coat?
2" above the second joint from the end of the thumb
Which of the following are two common items of organizational clothing?
Field jacket and mess whites
Which of the following lists the three types of individual clothing allowances?
Initial, initial civilian, and supplementary
When do you receive your cash clothing replacement allowance?
Annually on you clothing replacement allowance date
Which of the following lists the four types of authorized uniforms for enlisted Marines?
Blue dress, Blue-white dress, service, and utility
What is the maximum authorized length of hair on the upper portion of a male Marine's head?
Which of the following lists three types of awards?
Service award, badge, and unit award
How many medals can a male Marine wear side by side on one holding bar?
How many ribbons can a male Marine wear in a row?
What is the maximum number of marksmanship badges you can wear at one time?
How far can female Marines hair hang?
Can touch the collar, but cannot fall below the collar's lowest edge.
How many medals can a female Marine wear side-by-side on one holding bar?
Who determines that a pregnant female can no longer wear the service uniform?
Where is the handbag carried?
Over the left shoulder or arm
What is the minimum number of months time in grade/time in service (TIG/TIS) required for promotion to private first class?
6 months/6 months
The highest conduct rating a Marine can receive is?
What is the lowest conduct rating a Marine can receive?
Can a Marine be promoted more than one rank at a time?
Which publication below is the correct reference for information on conduct and proficiency marks?
Which of the following identifies the occasion for reporting marks on reserve Marines?
Which of the following is the occasion for reporting marks on active duty Marines?
Which of the following identifies the occasion for reporting marks on regular Marines?
Which numbers designates the MOS of an administrative clerk in the personnel and administration occupational field in 0151?
What is MOS 0800?
Request mast is conducted at the earliest reasonable time and not later than ______ hours after submission, whenever possible.
What must a Marine do upon completion of a request mast?
Make a written statement on the degree of satisfaction
Gestures, repeated offensive comments, and threatening the career of another person can be perceived as?
What sexually transmitted disease is incurable?
What is the only way to ensure protection from sexually transmitted diseases?
Diseases associated with tobacco include cancer, upper respiratory diseases, and?
The depressant after effect of too much alcohol indicates?
Identify the one type of drug testing endorsed by the Department of Defense (DOD).
Nausea, headache, and dry mouth following a bout of heavy drinking are symptoms of?
What is the Marine Corps policy on illegal drug use?
NOT TOLERATED AT ALL!
Random urinalysis testing is conducted on a routine, announced, and unannounced for who?
Alcohol abuse interferes with the effective performance of Marines and is a threat to?
Combat readiness mission
One purpose of the urinalysis-testing program is to?
Identify persons who illegally use drugs
Alcoholism may prove fatal if untreated because it is a?
The Marine Corps policy on alcohol abuse is that it?
Will NOT be tolerated
The mission of a Marine taken hostage by terrorists is to?
To protect yourself against terrorism, you should?
Let people close to you know where you are going.
The type of discharge awarded to a Marine is based on the character of his/her service and?
Method of award.
How many different kinds of discharges the Marine Corps may award?
What are the punitive discharges?
Bad conduct and Dishonorable
What are the five types of discharges?
Honorable *General, Other than Honorable, Bad Conduct, Dishonorable
Coast Guard ranks are similar to which other branch of service?
The U.S. Navy
A Major in the Marine Corps is equivalent to what rank in the Navy?
A Lieutenant Commander
A Sergeant Major in the Marines is equivalent to what rank in the Air Force?
Chief Master Sergeant or First Sergeant
A Gunnery Sergeant in the Marines is equivalent to what rank in the Army?
Sergeant First Class or Platoon Sergeant
What is the rank of Sergeant Major in the Marine Corps equivalent to in the Navy?
Master Chief Petty Officer
What is a Chief Petty Officer in the Navy equivalent to in the Marine Corps?
What is significant about the rank of commodore in the Navy?
The rank is only appointed during a time of war.
What does the rank insignia of a Chief Warrant Officer Three look like?
One silver bar with two red squares
What are the five purposes of close order drill?
Provide simple formations from which combat formations could be assumed
Move units from one place to another
Provide troops an opportunity to handle weapons
Increase leader's confidence.
What are the four positions of rest?
Parade Rest, Rest, At Ease, Fall Out
What are the four rifle salutes?
Order Arms, Present Arms, Left Shoulder Arms, Right Shoulder Arms
What is the cadence and length of step for quick time?
120, 30 inch steps per minute
What are the three facing movements?
Left Face, Right Face, About Face
What is the cadence and length of step for double-time?
180, 36 inch steps per minute
How far off the deck is the ball of the foot lifted on the command mark time march?
How large is a half step?
What is the only movement in close order drill where you step off with the right foot?
How far apart are the steps on the command right-step or left-step march?
What is the basic position with the rifle that Marines execute all drill movements?
On the command Trail Arms, how far is the rifle lifted off the deck?
On the command Parade Rest where is the left hand placed?
At the small of the back just below the belt.
What is the cadence for all rifle movements?
120 steps per minute
How many counts are in Inspection Arms?
If you are at Right Shoulder Arms and are ready to give the command to go to Port Arms, what foot will the command of execution be given on?
The Left Foot
How far is the heel lifted off the deck on the command mark time march?
What is the purpose of Mark Time March?
To march in place at Quick Time cadence
What are the two normal formations for a platoon?
How many counts are in the movement Sling Arms?
This is a non-precision movement, therefore it has no counts.
To march a unit a short distance to the rear, what will the command be?
To form a platoon at close interval what command would you give?
At Close Interval, Fall In
To obtain Double Arms Interval in a line formation if you're at normal interval, what command would you give?
Take Interval to the Left, March
Assume you are halted in the Oblique, what is the command you will receive to continue to march forward?
What are the movements that are used to align the platoon?
Dress Right Dress, At Close Interval Dress Right Dress, Dress Left Dress, At Close Interval Dress Left Dress
What is the sequence of commands the unit leader would give to form a platoon for physical drill?
A. Right Face, B. From Front to Rear count off , C. Take interval to the left, D. Even numbers to the right move
What are the three types of commands?
Preparatory, Execution, Supplementary
What is a supplementary command?
Commands given by squad leaders when the squads of the platoon do not execute the same movements.
How do you form a unit for inspection?
1. Open ranks March, 2. Align the platoon, 3. March three paces from the extreme right man, execute a left face, 4. Command ready front, 5. Cover, 6. Take a step, 7. Execute a right face and report the platoon.
If your unit is at PORT ARMS and you are going to give the command RIGHT SHOULDER ARMS, what foot will the command of execution be given?
What are combined commands?
Commands that are given without rise or inflection in the voice.
What is distance?
Distance is the space between the front of one man to the back of another.
What is Interval?
Interval is the distance from one mans shoulder to the mans shoulder next to him.
How close is close interval?
4 Inches from shoulder to shoulder.
How do you dismiss a platoon armed with rifles?
Give the commands Inspection arms, Port Arms, Dismissed.
To resume normal cadence from double time, what is the command?
Quick Time March
You are marching in the Oblique and you give the command PLATOON HALT, what will your platoon do?
The platoon will halt in the original direction of March.
What are the two types of salutes?
Rifle salutes and Hand salutes
What are the five combined commands?
To form a platoon at normal interval, what commands would you give?
How far is the platoon sergeant from his platoon during close order drill?
How many counts is it from right shoulder arms to order arms?
What different commands can be given while in the Oblique?
Forward March, Mark Time March, Resume March, In Place Halt, Platoon Halt
In a platoon with 20 ranks, which ranks will be designated stack men?
When passing weapons in the movement STACK ARMS, what part of the rifle is grasped with the left hand?
The Hand guards
How far do the men on the left and right of the stackmen step in the Oblique to place the rifles?
How do you salute on a challenging post when armed with the service rifle?
What actions do you take on the command dismissed?
Take one back step, halt, give the appropriate greeting, face about, and leave the area
How many steps do members of the second squad take after the command TAKE INTERVAL TO THE LEFT MARCH in a platoon consisting of three squads?
After the Seventh count of Inspection arms is complete what position is the rifle at?
In a four-squad platoon, how many steps does the fourth squad take on the command open ranks march?
Two fifteen inch steps backwards.
Where does the platoon commander take post when the platoon is in line formation?
Six paces in front of and centered on the platoon
Where does the platoon sergeant take post when the platoon commander is present and the platoon is in column?
After the last member of the right file
Where does the guide take post when the platoon is in column?
In front of the right file of the platoon
Which of the following lists the two formations for the platoon?
Line and column
Which of the following is the command given to form the platoon?
"FALL IN" ("AT CLOSE INTERVAL, FALL IN")
Which of the following are the commands given to dismiss an armed platoon?
INSPECTION, ARMS; PORT, ARMS; DISMISSED"
Which of the following is the command given to align the platoon?
"DRESS RIGHT (LEFT), DRESS"
Which of the following is the command given to form column from line?
Which of the following is the command given to open ranks?
"OPEN RANKS, MARCH"
Which of the following is the command given to close ranks?
"CLOSE RANKS, MARCH"
Which of the following is the drill movement executed to form the platoon for inspection?
Which of the following is the command given to close the interval while marching?
Which of the following is the command given to extend the interval while marching?
Which of the following is the command given to change the direction of a column?
"COLUMN RIGHT, MARCH"
Which of the following is the command given to march to the flank?
"BY THE RIGHT FLANK, MARCH"
Which of the following is the command given to march to the rear?
"TO THE REAR, MARCH"
Which of the following is the command given about six paces before coming on line with the reviewing stand when passing in review?
Which of the following is the position of your sword when giving commands?
Which of the following is the command given to draw your sword?
How far from the deck is the point of the sword in the position of order sword?
Which of the following is the command given six paces past the reviewing officer after executing eyes right on the march?
Which of the following is the command given to return your sword to the scabbard?
Where is the point of the sword placed when executing parade rest?
On the deck
Which of the following is the purpose of an inspection?
To determine the appearance and/or condition of a Marine or object.
Which of the following lists two characteristics of a good inspection?
The inspection is in detail and the routine of the inspection is consistent.
Which of the following lists the three stages of an inspection?
Preparation stage, inspection stage, and correction of deficiencies
What do you do after your unit is inspected?
Conduct a critique and correct deficiencies
Which of the following is the purpose of a clothing and equipment inspection?
To see that each Marine has all the prescribed clothing and equipment, his own gear, and all gear is in good condition
Which of the following is the purpose of a personnel inspection?
To ensure Marines present a professional military appearance, are in good health, and have a good knowledge of military subjects
Which order provides physical fitness requirements for the Marine Corps?
Which of the following lists three of the benefits of physical fitness training?
Improved muscle tone, tension release, and improved sleep
What are the four types of physical fitness programs?
Developmental, maintenance, leadership development, and remedial
Which of the following lists three principles of physical conditioning?
Balance, variety, regularity
Which of the following are the three phases of physical conditioning?
Preparatory, conditioning, and maintenance
Which of the following lists three considerations when planning a physical training period?
Type of program needed, size of group, and climate
Which of the following are the three stages of a physical training period?
Warm-up, exercise, cool-down
How do you calculate your maximum heart rate?
Subtract your age from 220
Which of the following list the commands given to form the physical training?
"FROM FRONT TO REAR; COUNT OFF; TAKE INTERVAL TO THE LEFT, MARCH; EVEN NUMBERS TO THE RIGHT, MOVE."
Where do you get water for cooking and drinking from a stream?
How long must you boil water to purify it?
How many iodine tablets do you put in a canteen of cloudy water?
What are the dimensions of a straddle trench?
4 Feet long, 1 Foot Wide, and 2 1/2 Feet Deep
How long is the total time expended to purify a canteen of water with Iodine?
When using Calcium Hypo chlorite, how long will it take to purify a canteen of water?
How many containers are used to clean mess gear in the field?
How long is a straddle trench used for?
When closing a head or garbage pit, what must be done?
Fill with dirt, put a sign up saying what was closed along with the Day, Month, and the Year that it was closed.
What is accomplished at the furthest point downstream of a Bivouac?
What other chemical aside from Iodine is used to purify water?
Calcium Hypo chlorite
How many gallons of water does a Lyster bag hold?
Marines adhere to the principles of Law of War when?
While accomplishing any mission
What year was the Code of Conduct written?
The Code of Conduct contains how many articles?
Which article of the Code of Conduct contains the statement "I will never surrender of my own free will..."
According to the Law of War principles, a Marine on patrol who finds an enemy soldier trying to surrender should?
How many principles are there under the Law of War?
A prisoner of war (POW) has an obligation to?
Perform certain work for pay.
A marine taken as a prisoner of war (POW) has a right to?
What is a Marine prisoner of war obligated to give to his captors?
Name, Rank, SSN, and DOB
Article III of the Code of Conduct states what?
If I am captured, I will continue to resist....
Under the Law of War principles, a Marine should?
Treat all civilians humanely
What are the five S's of handling POW's?
Search, Silence, Segregate, Speed, Safeguard
Which Article of the Code of Conduct states "I will never surrender of my own free will...
What outlawed Biological warfare?
The Geneva Protocol of 1925
If I am captured.... starts what article in the Code of Conduct?
What is the first Article in the Code of Conduct?
I am an American fighting man. I serve in the forces, which guard my country and our way of life. I am prepared to give my life in their defense.
Which Article deals with answering questions?
What is the purpose of the Law of War?
Protect both combatants and noncombatants from unnecessary suffering.
To safeguard certain fundamental human rights of persons who fall in the hands of the enemy, particularly POW's, the wounded, the sick, and the civilians, to bring peace.
Who is in charge of posting the relief for sentries?
Corporal of the Guard
What is the proper chain of command for an interior guard?
Commanding officer, Officer of the day, Commander of the guard, Sergeant of the guard, Corporal of the guard.
Which General Order requires saluting all officers, all colors, and standards not cased?
The 10th General Order
After posting the new relief, you should?
Report to the guardhouse and collect guard property.
When should the Sergeant of the Guard inspect the guard?
At least once during each watch, and when directed by the officer of the day.
What is the 7th General Order?
To talk to no one except in the line of duty.
A Marine on sentry duty may apply deadly force by every means available when guarding an area that contains?
What orders apply to all members of the guard?
How many General Orders are there?
What is your Ninth General Order?
To call the Corporal of the Guard in any case not covered by instructions.
When does guard mount normally take place?
Immediately after morning colors
How many warning shots should be fired if a sentry is in trouble?
Who is responsible for sounding Taps?
The Commander of the Guard
Who ensures relieves are posted on schedule?
The Commander of the Guard
How many Corporals of the guard are there for each relief?
Who is responsible for retreat?
The Commander of the Guard
Who supervises the Main Guard?
The Officer of the Day
What are the two types of relieves?
Formal and Informal
Who relieves sentries?
The Corporal of the Guard
Who maintains the guard report?
The Sergeant of the Guard
Who is used to replace a man on post?
Who must inspect the interior guard at least once between the hours of midnight and daylight?
The Officer of the Day
What is your second General Order?
To walk my post in a military manner keeping always on the alert and observing everything that takes place within sight or hearing.
Who performs the duties of Commander of the Guard if the Commander of the Guard has not been assigned?
The Sergeant of the Guard
Who prescribes the number of sentry posts?
The Commanding Officer
Who is responsible to ensure the proper instruction, discipline and performance of duty of the guard?
The Commander of the Guard
What are the eleven leadership principles?
1. Know yourself and seek self-improvement
2. Be technically and tactically proficient
3. Know your Marines and look out for their welfare
4. Keep your men informed
5. Set the example
6. Insure the task is understood, supervised, and accomplished
7. Train your men as a team
8. Make sound and timely decision,
9. Develop a sense of responsibility in your subordinates
10. Employ your unit in accordance with its capabilities
11. Seek responsibility and take responsibility for your actions.
Enduring the risk of direct contact with enemy personnel and firepower is one part of the definition of?
Knowing that another Marine is counting on you in combat helps you to overcome?
The primary objective of Marine Corps leadership is to achieve?
Some common forms of stress a Marine can expect include the "fog of war," discomfort and fatigue, and?
Casualties, and boredom.
What is a common element of the combat environment?
Extreme risk and fear is a form of stress that a Marine can expect where?
The secondary objective of Marine Corps leadership is?
What are the six-troopleading steps?
B- begin the plan,
A- arrange reconnaissance,
M- makes reconnaissance
C- complete the plan
I- issue orders
What is the rifleman also trained as?
What is the most important step in the six-troopleading steps?
How many leadership traits are there?
How many leadership principles are there?
What are the leadership indicators?
Proficiency, Esprit De Corps, Morale, and Discipline
What is more important, the welfare of the men or the accomplishment of the mission?
Accomplishment of the mission
What is leadership?
The art of influencing men in such a way as to obtain their loyal cooperation in the accomplishment of a mission.
What are the two types of leadership?
Authoritarian and Persuasive
What are the two types of courage?
Moral and Physical
What is the difference between traits and principles?
Traits are personality qualities; Principles are general rules, which should guide you.
Name the fourteen leadership traits.
What are the 5 stages of military instruction?
Preparation, Presentation, Application, Examination, and Discussion
What are the 4 basic elements of Leadership?
Character, Demeanor, Judgment, and Energy
What are the five characteristics that enable a Marine to overcome fear?
Espirit De Corps
What are five stresses a Marine can expect in combat?
Extreme risk and fear
Fog of war
Discomfort and Fatigue
Which of the following lists the four parts of the decision making process?
Observe, orientate, decision, act
Which of the following is the acronym used to estimate the situation?
Which of the following is the definition of military judgment?
An instinctive ability to look at a situation, grasp its key elements, and find a timely, reasonable tactical solution
Which of the following lists five guidelines for combat decision making?
Keep it simple, be practical, don't expect certainty, accept risk, speed
Which of the following is the acronym used in the troop leading steps?
Which of the following is the definition of a fragmentary order?
An order used to modify existing orders
To apply for the Enlisted Commissioning Program a Marine must have a ______ year college degree.
What is the defensive mission of the Marine rifle squad?
To repel the enemies assault by fire and close combat.
What is the purpose of offensive combat?
To destroy the enemy and his will to fight
What is the offensive mission of the Marine rifle squad?
To locate, close with, and destroy the enemy by fire and maneuver.
How many fire teams are in a squad?
What are the weapons organic to the Marine rifle squad?
The M16A2 rifle, M203 Grenade Launcher, and the M-7 Bayonet
How many Marines are in a rifle platoon?
What are the two forms of maneuver for the Marine rifle squad?
Frontal Attack and Single Envelopment
What are the three methods of advance for the Marine rifle squad?
Squad rush, Fire team rush, and Individual rush
When does the conduct phase occur?
When the squad is forced to fire on the enemy, and when the squad leaves the assembly area, or when the squad crosses the Line of Departure.
What is an area of responsibility to be covered by fire?
A Sector of Fire
What are the two types of Defense?
Perimeter and Linear
What are the three types of firing positions?
Primary- where the mission can be best accomplished Supplementary- position that accomplishes an entirely different mission
Alternate- used when the primary position becomes unsuitable.
What are the characteristics of a good firing position?
Accomplishes the mission, Good Cover and Concealment, and Good Fields of Fire
What is PDF?
Principle Direction of Fire
How much terrain will a squad cover?
Can the primary mission be accomplished from the supplementary position?
What position would be used to repel an enemy attack to your flank?
How many men are in a Marine rifle squad?
What imaginary line is located immediately in front of the objective?
The final coordination line
Sectors of Fire are also controlled by what material objects?
What are the two types of checkpoints?
Line and Point
How many men are in a Fire team?
What is the mission of the Marine Rifle Squad?
The mission of the Marine Rifle Squad is to: Locate, close with, and destroy the enemy by fire and maneuver, or to repel the enemy's assault by fire and close combat.
What is a tactical movement to gain or reestablish contact with the enemy?
Movement to contact
When is a tactical column used?
When contact with the enemy is probable
What are the two types of avenues of approach?
Cross-Compartment and Corridor
What is LD?
Line of Departure
What are the three types of crawls?
High crawl, Low crawl, and Barbed Wire crawl
What are the three detection countermeasures for mines and booby traps?
Visual, Probing, and Electrical
Name some avoidance countermeasures?
Move where local inhabitants move, avoid patterns, and maintain appropriate intervals
Which of the following is an element of a reconnaissance patrol?
Which of the following lists the elements of a combat patrol?
Assault, support, security
Which of the following lists three of the platoon leader's responsibilities when preparing for a patrol?
Provide other support, debrief the patrol, control of the patrol
Which of the following lists three of the patrol leader's patrol steps when preparing for a patrol?
Study the mission, organize the patrol, issue the patrol order
Which of the following states the purpose of a warning order?
Alerts the patrol members so that they can begin preparations
Which of the following lists the information contained in the EXECUTION element of the patrol order?
Concept of operations, tasks, coordinating instructions
Who leads the patrol through the friendly positions when departing friendly lines?
The patrol leader or guide.
Which of the following lists the information the patrol leader provides to the patrols returning unit commander.
Size of patrol, general route, and expected time of return
Where does the patrol leader position himself in the patrol?
Where he can best control the patrol
Where are scouts placed to provide security for the patrol?
To the front and rear and on the flanks if practical
Which of the following lists two movement control measures?
Checkpoints and rally points
Which of the following is the definition of a danger area?
Any area where the patrol is vulnerable to enemy observation or fire
Which of the following states the purpose of immediate action drills?
Provides a means for swiftly initiating positive offensive or defensive action
Which of the following lists the missions of a reconnaissance patrol?
Gain information about the location and characteristics of friendly and hostile positions and installations, terrain, and unusual enemy activity
Which of the following patrol members must be trained in observing and accurately reporting their observations?
All patrol members
Which of the following lists the information contained on a patrol overlay?
Grid designators, patrol route and check points, preplanned targets, legend, and marginal information
Which of the following is the frequency range of the AN/PRC-77 radio?
30.00 to 75.95 MHz
Which of the following is the operating range of the AN/PRC-77 radio?
You are leading a patrol and are carrying the AN/PRC-77 radio. As part of your patrol's "notice discipline," you decide to operate the radio without hearing static, what action do you take?
Turn the function switch to the squelch position.
You have just returned from a field exercise and are securing your AN/PRC-77 radio. You have already turned the radio off and removed the handset, antenna, and battery. What is the last step that you will take?
Turn the operating controls to clear the last frequency that you used.
What are the three parts of a field message form?
Heading, text, ending
Which of the following is the time objective for an IMMEDIATE message?
Which of the following are the components of a message endorsement when is received?
Time, initials of radio operator, frequency used
What are the fire team formations?
Column, Wedge, Skirmishers (right/left), and Echelons (right/left)
What is the report on enemy activity?
When contact with the enemy is imminent, what type of formation should your unit move into?
The Approach March
What does ALICE stand for?
A- all purpose
What are the elements of a fire command?
D- description of target
A- assignment of target
C- control of fire
What are the three types of fire in relation to a target?
Frontal, Flanking, and Enfilade
What are the three types of fire in relation to ground?
Grazing, Plummeting, and Overhead
The windage adjustment knob has how many numbers on it?
What is the first thing you do if you are dropped in unknown territory and all you have is a map?
Orient the Map
What are the three types of North?
True North, Grid North, and Magnetic North
What is a Declination Diagram?
It is a diagram that shows the difference between True North, Grid North, and Magnetic North.
What is a G-M Angle?
The Grid Magnetic Angle
If your Azimuth is more than 180 degrees, how do you find your Back Azimuth?
Subtract 180 degrees
What is the LARS rule when converting a magnetic azimuth to a grid azimuth?
The way your finger will move, left add- right subtract
If your Azimuth were less than 180 degrees, how would you find your Back Azimuth?
Add 180 Degrees
How is True North depicted in a Declination diagram?
A line with a star on the end of it.
How close will 4, 6, and 8 digit grid coordinates bring you within your destination?
4 digits- 1000 meters
6 digits- 100 meters
8 digits- 10 meters
What is an Azimuth?
A directional line
Which of the following lists five of the items of information included in marginal information?
Sheet number, scale, edition number, bar scales, and legend
Which of the following is the area of a grid square?
1000 meters by 1000 meters
Which of the following is the cardinal rule to read grid squares?
Read right, then up
Which of the following is the area of a six-digit grid coordinate?
100 meters by 100 meters
Which of the following is the scale used to obtain a more accurate six-digit grid coordinate?
Which of the following is the area of an eight-digit grid coordinate?
10 meters by 10 meters
Which of the following lists three characteristics of a good steering mark?
Have distinct features, continuously visible, and high enough that it will not blend in with other terrain as you approach it
Which of the following lists the two techniques used to orient a map?
Compass and terrain association
Which of the following lists the three basic elements that you must determine to navigate by dead reckoning?
Starting point, distance, azimuth
Which of the following lists the process involved in the inspection method of determining your location?
Orient your map, and then estimate your relation to terrain features on the ground and on your map.
Which of the following lists three of the points to consider while navigating at night?
Preset your compass, maintain an accurate pace count, and maintain a "mental map" of the area you are navigating in.
What is the minimum depth of a fighting hole to protect against the crushing action of tanks?
Name the parts of a fighting hole.
The Parapit, Elbow rest, Fire step, Grenade sump, and Water sump
Name the 4 characteristics of the foxhole.
Parapet, Elbow Rest, Fire Step, and Grenade sump
What is a Supplementary Position?
A position used to fire on targets, which cannot be engaged from the Primary position.
Given the Primary, Alternate, and Supplementary Position, which would be used to repel an attack to your flank?
Which two tasks begin immediately after positions have been assigned?
Clear Fields of fire, and Prepare Fighting Positions
Name one advantage of a two man-fighting hole.
1 man can rest, Assistance and Reassurance, Redistribution of ammo
What is a Parapet?
*he dirt from the fighting hole placed around the hole to provide further protection from enemy
What is a Grenade sump?
A hole in the 2-man fighting hole large enough for a grenade to be pushed into so that damage will be minimal.
What are the four parts of a round?
Projectile, Propellant, Primer, Case
What are the four types of rounds?
Ball, Blank, Tracer, Dummy
What are the phases of an Amphibious Assault?
Planning, Embarkation, Rehearsal, Movement to objective area, Assault
One click on the Bezel ring of a compass is equal to how many degrees?
How many clicks are on the Bezel ring of a lensatic compass?
How many degrees are shown on a Lensatic Compass?
What is the Bezel ring of the compass used for?
Land Navigation at Night
How long does it take to get night vision?
What are the five colors on a map and what do they stand for?
Black- manmade objects
Brown- landfills and contour lines
Red- primary roads
Blue- bodies of water
How do you read a map?
Right and Up
The height distance between contour lines is stated how?
As the Contour Interval
What color are friendly and enemy troops on a map overlay?
Friendly: Blue and Enemy: Red
When seated on a Helicopter, where does the muzzle of the weapons for individual men point?
What are the functions of Marine Aviation?
Assault, Offensive air support, Recon, Electronic warfare, Anti-air, & Control aircraft and missiles.
What is FEBA?
Forward Edge of the Battle Area
What is FCL?
Final Coordination Line
What is FPF?
Final Protective Fire
What decides the FEBA?
The maximum effective range of your small arms weapons.
What does an observation post (OP) become at night?
A listening post (LP)
What are the types of challenges and passwords?
Two Word, Two word used in a Sentence, Number Type
How many men comprise an observation post?
What has the highest priority when establishing a defensive position?
When all weapons are being fired at their maximum rate of fire to stop an enemy assault, what is it called?
Final Protective Fire
What are the two types of unit fire?
Concentrated and Distributed
What are three types of camouflage?
Hiding, Blending, and Deceiving
What are the three types of camouflage paint sticks?
Loam and light green, Sand and light green, Loam and White
How deep is a Cathole?
What is defined as protection from enemy observation?
What is the Five Paragraph order?
A- administration and logistics
C- command and signal
What is the only squad formation that cannot be accomplished by a fire team?
Under which paragraph of the five-paragraph order are friendly forces listed?
What are the four B's that come under administration and logistics of the Five Paragraph Order?
Beans, Bullets, Bandages, and Bad guys
What is the estimate of a situation?
T- terrain and weather
T- troops and fire support
What is considered the estimate of terrain?
K- key terrain
C- cover and concealment
O- observation and fields of fire
A- avenues of approach
What was the first medal ever awarded?
The Purple Heart
What was the first medal awarded by our country?
Purple Heart, in 1782
What is the highest military award given?
The Medal of Honor
When was the Medal of Honor first authorized?
Which award recognizes Navy and Marine Corps personnel for distinguished performance and for extraordinary heroism that does not merit the Medal of Honor?
What is the size and color of star for a second award on a personal decoration?
Five Sixteenth of an inch- Gold star
Where are OSD and JCS badges worn?
On the left pocket, centered between the bottom of the pocket and the bottom of the pocket flap.
What year was the Purple Heart 1st awarded?
Which court(s) martial results in a felony conviction?
Special and General court-martial
Without the stigma of a court-martial conviction, nonjudicial punishment (NJP) promotes?
Positive behavior changes
The judicial right that states a Marine has a right to refuse nonjudicial punishment (NJP) is the right to?
Trial by court-martial
A summary court-martial is composed of one active duty what?
Officer with the rank of Captain or above.
A commanding officer has just passed nonjudicial punishment judgment on a Marine. The Marine may now?
Appeal all or part of the sentence
Appeals of nonjudicial punishment must be submitted in writing within ____days of the NJP?
Who must a military judge be approved by in a General Court Martial?
The Judge Advocate General of the Navy
What are the three types of court Martials from the most severe to the least severe?
General, Summary, and Special
Who can convene a General Court Martial?
Only a General Officer
If embarked aboard a Naval vessel, what are office hours called in the Navy?
What are the two reasons to appeal Non Judicial punishment?
If the punishment is unjust or the punishment is disproportionate to the offense.
When can you be confined to bread and water as a result of NJP?
While embarked aboard a Naval vessel.
Can you refuse a summary court martial?
During which court martial can the accused request trial by military judge alone?
Summary and Special
How many enlisted men can another request in a trial by court martial as part of the jury?
How many officers compose a General Court Martial?
What are the two types of Burns?
Minor and Severe
What does the Acronym COLD stand for in a cold weather environment?
C- keep Clean
O- avoid Overheating
L- wear Loose clothing
D- keep Dry
What causes immersion foot?
Standing in water for a prolonged period of time.
What are the four life saving steps, in order?
A. Restore the breathing
B. Stop the bleeding
C. Protect the wound
D. Treat for shock
At what rate does one give breaths of air to a victim when giving mouth to mouth?
12 times per minute, once every 5 seconds.
What are the three types of bleeding?
What are the 5 types of wounds?
When bandaging a wound when should one tie the knot on top of the bandage directly over the wound?
What are the three types of bleeding?
Venous, Arterial, Capillary
What is the first step in Mouth-to-Mouth Resuscitation?
Clear the Airway
What are the two ways to enlarge the airway when administering mouth-to-mouth resuscitation?
Thumb Jaw Lift and Two Hand Jaw Lift
When administering closed heart chest massage, how far should you depress the casualty's chest?
1 1/2 to 2 inches
How many press release cycles should you perform in closed heart chest massage per min?
60 to 80 per minute
When you attempt to stop the bleeding, what is the first method you should try?
What is the first thing you should do if you notice a victim of a bullet wound?
Look for an exit wound
When should you loosen a Tourniquet?
What are the two types of fractures?
Open and Closed
What are three types of heat illnesses?
How high are the victim's feet raised when treating for shock?
6 to 8 inches
What is heat stroke caused by?
Prolonged exposure to high temperatures
Which action should you take if the initial pressure dressing becomes soaked with blood?
Apply another one
What do you mark on a victim's forehead if you have administered a tourniquet?
Mark a "T" with the Time and Date.
What are the symptoms of heat exhaustion?
Cool, Pale, sweaty skin
Excessive loss of salt from the body causes which heat illness?
What is the first thing you do to treat a victim of heat stroke?
Immerse the casualty in the coldest water available
If a victim is bleeding and the blood is dark red and flows, what type of bleeding is it?
What is Hypothermia?
The dangerous lowering of the entire body temperature.
What is the only safe way to warm a frostbite victim in the field?
What is the first aid for snowblindness?
Cover the victim's eyes with a dark cloth and shut out all light.
Name the one man carries.
Fireman's carry, Packstrap carry, Pistol belt Carry, Pistol belt Drag, Neck Drag
What wound is characterized by torn skin?
What type of wound is characterized by skin that is rubbed off?
What type of wound is characterized by sliced skin?
What type of bleeding is brick red and oozes?
What does arterial bleeding look like?
Bright red and spurts
What are the 4 steps of the chest pressure arm lift method?
Press, Stretch, Lift, Replace
What is the official definition of deadly force?
Force used against another to cause death, substantial risk of death, or serious bodily harm.
When applying deadly force, shots should be aimed to?
When should deadly force be applied?
As a last resort
What is the procedure for reporting lost keying/classified material?
Notify the custodian or the security manager
Information, which, if disclosed, could cause serious damage to the U. S., is designated as what?
Information, which, if disclosed, could cause identifiable damage to the U. S., is designated as what?
Information, which, if disclosed, could cause grave damage to the U. S., is designated as what?
When classified information is removed from storage during working hours, how must it be protected when not in use?
Kept face down under constant surveillance
The size of the garrison flag is?
20' x 38'
What color is a personal flag?
Red and White
What are the three types of flags?
Storm, Post, and Garrison
What are the dimensions of a storm flag?
Five feet wide, and nine and a half feet long
How are stars arranged on the National flag?
Five rows of six and four rows of five starting with a row of six.
How is the flag half masted?
It is raised quickly to the top and then lowered slowly to half-mast.
What does the Commandants personal flag look like?
A red flag with a silver Marine Corps emblem surrounded by four stars.
How tall is the flagpole for a Garrison Flag?
Not less than 65 feet tall
How is an American flag hung horizontally on a wall?
With the Blue field to the left
How is an American flag hung vertically on a wall?
With the Blue field to the right.
What is the name of the ball on the top of a flagpole?
What are the official colors of the Marine Corps?
Scarlet and Gold
What are the three phases of offensive combat?
Preparatory phase, conduct phase, and consolidation and reorganization phase
A standard NATO marker that is a red upside down triangle with a white horizontal stripe warns you of?
What does the standard NATO marker that spells out "ATOM" warn you against?
What colors are used on a sign for chemicals?
What colors are used on a sign for Biological?
What colors are used on a sign for Nuclear and what does the sign say?
White/ Black- Atom
Identify NATO NBC defense signs.
Chemical- Yellow with Red letters
Biological- Blue with Red letters
Radiological- White with Black letters
What are the dimensions of the standard NATO markers?
11 1/2 Inches by 8 Inches by 8 Inches
What are the four chemical agents,
Blood, Blister, Choking, Nerve
What are the different colors of smoke for smoke grenades?
Green, Violet, Red, Yellow, and White
What is the First thing you do when you hear the word "GAS"?
What does the NATO marker for chemical contamination look like?
Yellow upside down triangle with red letters that spell "GAS".
How long do you have to stay on the deck after a nuclear explosion?
When given the command "SPRAY" how many seconds do you have to cover yourself?
What Grenade is shaped like an egg?
What are four general indicators of a biological or chemical attack?
Dead or sick animals, Smoke or mist from an unknown source, Suspicious odors, Suspicious liquids or solids on the ground.
What are the two types of local alert in the event of chemical or biological attack?
Visual or Percussion
How are AMYL Nitrate capsules taken?
They are inhaled
What is the antidote for a nerve agent?
Atropine injectors and Toupan fluoride
What is the antidote for a blood agent?
What is the antidote for a choking agent?
There is no antidote
How many AMYL Nitrate capsules is the maximum dosage?
At what intervals are AMYL Nitrate capsules taken?
2 capsules every 3 minutes
What are the two types of radiation?
Initial and Residual
What type of radiation occurs with the first 90 seconds of a blast?
What are the three types of nuclear bursts?
Surface, Subsurface, and Aerial
What are the two types of Decontamination Kits?
M-13 and M-258
What are the three effects of a Nuclear Explosion?
Heat, Blast, and Radiation
What part of the M17A1 allows drinking in a contaminated environment?
What does MOPP stand for?
A red sign with a silhouette of a white bomb on it warns us against what?
What is your first reaction if you get the command spray?
What is the most destructive of all Nuclear Blasts?
What is your reaction if you see a brilliant flash of light?
Drop flat on the deck, close your eyes, and cover all exposed parts of your body by placing your arms underneath you.
What is the best protection against a Nuclear Burst?
A Fighting Hole
Your key symptoms are dimness of vision and a runny nose, what type of agent have you been exposed to?
A Nerve Agent
What should you do to a victim of a choking agent?
Loosen clothing, avoid exertion, and keep him warm
What are DM, DA, and DC?
How many inlet valves are in the M17A1?
How long do you have to mask for a nuclear explosion?
You don't mask for a nuclear explosion
What tactical conditions might indicate the use of biological weapons?
Use of shells of ammunitions that burst with little or no blast.
Enemy aircraft spraying.
Increase in dead or sick animals and insects.
Ammunition whose effect is delayed or has no immediate casualty effect.
Name the symptoms of a chemical attack.
Irritation of the eyes, noses, and throat, Headache, Dizziness, Nausea, and Tightness in the throat and chest
Identify 3 good shelters from a nuclear blast.
Deep Foxholes, Ditch, Hills
What color is the filter for a field protective mask?
What are used in a field protective mask for Marines that wear glasses?
What allows you to speak with the gas mask on?
How do you clear a field protective mask?
Put your hand over the outlet valve and exhale
What are the four carries for the gas mask?
Leg carry, Front carry, Side carry, and Back carry
How many outlet valves are there on a field protective mask?
How long do you have to don and clear you mask without a hood?
With a hood?
What is the first thing you do if you trip a mine or a booby trap?
Warn the others
What are the five types of minefields?
Protective, Defensive, Barrier, Nuisance, and Phony
What are the four countermeasures for mines and booby traps?
Avoidance, Protection, Surveillance, and Marking
What are the 3 detection countermeasures for booby traps and mines?
Visual Inspection, Probing, and Mine detectors
What are the five parts to a mine?
Body, Fuse, Detonator, Booster, & Main Charger
What are the three parts to a grenade?
Body, Filler, and Fuse
What are the three types of small unit illumination?
Trip Flare, Grenade, and Ground Pop Up
What is the last step in throwing a Grenade?
What is the nomenclature for an illumination grenade?
What grenade is shaped like a baseball?
M-67 Fragmentation Grenade
What is a smoke grenade shaped like?
A Beer can
How long is the delay from the time a fragmentation grenade is thrown to the time it explodes?
What are the types of grenades?
What is an M-18?
Which grenade is the most versatile?
The White Phosphorous grenade
What is the immediate action if a grenade is thrown at you?
Shout GRENADE! Hit the deck with your feet towards the blast, one hand is placed on the back of your neck and the other is on your rifle underneath you. After the explosion search for the enemy in the direction from where the grenade was thrown.
What is the first thing you remove when stripping the m-16?
What are the three safety devices of the .45 cal. pistol?
Grip Safety, Safety Lock, and Half-cock
When is the rifle considered cleared?
When there is no round in the chamber, the magazine is out, the bolt carrier is locked to the rear, and the selector lever is on safe
What is the first step in the disassembly of the bolt carrier group?
Removal of the firing pin retaining pin.
What is the empty weight of the M16A2 rifle?
What is the maximum effective range of the M16A2 rifle?
What is the weight of the M16A2 with a 30 round magazine and sling?
What is the weight of the M7 Bayonet?
What are the characteristics of the M16A2 service rifle?
It is a 5.56mm. lightweight, magazine fed, gas operated, air cooled, shoulder-fired weapon, capable of firing both semi-automatic and burst by use of a selector lever.
What is immediate action?
Tap, Rack, Bang
What is remedial action?
Slap the magazine
Pull the charging handle
Observe the chamber
Release the bolt
Tap the forward assist
Shoot or attempt to shoot
In sequence, what are the steps in the cycle of operations of the M16A2 service rifle?
Firing-Sends gas back down *Unlocking- bolt slides back
Extracting- spent casing
Ejecting- out the ejection port
Cocking- the bolt bounces back
Feeding- off of the magazine
Chambering- another round
Locking- the bolt again
THE CODE OF CONDUCT-Article I
I am an American, fighting in the armed forces, which guard my country and our way of life. I am prepared to give my life in their defense.
THE CODE OF CONDUCT-Article II
I will never surrender of my own free will. If in command I will never surrender the members of my command while they still have the means to resist.
THE CODE OF CONDUCT-Article III
If I am captured, I will continue to resist by all means available. I will make every effort to escape and aid others to escape. I will accept neither parole nor special favors from the enemy.
THE CODE OF CONDUCT-Article IV
If I become a prisoner of war, I will keep faith with my fellow prisoners. I will give no information nor take part in any action, which might be harmful to my comrades. If I am senior, I will take command. If not, I will obey the lawful orders of those appointed over me and will back them up in every way.
THE CODE OF CONDUCT-Article V
When questioned, should I become a prisoner of war, I am required to give name, rank, service number and date of birth. I will evade answering further questions to the utmost of my ability. I will make no oral or written statements disloyal to my country and its allies or harmful to their cause.
THE CODE OF CONDUCT-Article VI
I will never forget that I am an American, responsible for my actions, and dedicated to the principles, which made my country free. I will trust in my God and in the United States of America.
GENERAL ORDERS 1
To take charge of this post and all government property in view.
GENERAL ORDERS 2
To walk my post in a military manner keeping always on the alert and observing everything that takes place within sight or hearing.
GENERAL ORDERS 3
To report all violations of orders I am instructed to enforce.
GENERAL ORDERS 4
To repeat all calls from post more distant from the guardhouse than my own.
GENERAL ORDERS 5
To quit my post only when properly relieved.
GENERAL ORDERS 6
To receive, obey, and pass on to the sentry who relieves me, all orders from the commanding officer, officer of the day, and officers and noncommissioned officers of the guard only.
GENERAL ORDERS 7
To talk to no one except in the line of duty.
GENERAL ORDERS 8
To give the alarm in case of fire or disorder.
GENERAL ORDERS 9
To call the Corporal of the Guard in any case not covered by instructions.
GENERAL ORDERS 10
To salute all officers and all colors and standards not cased.
GENERAL ORDERS 11
To be especially watchful at night and, during the time for challenging, to challenge all persons on or near my post and to allow no one to pass without proper authority.
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Meritorious CPL Board
Marine Corps Knowledge
Meritorious Board USMC Drill
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