Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Terms in this set (140)
The Interstate New Teacher Assessment and Support Consortium (INTASC) has developed:
a set of standards which identify the needed knowledge, skills, and attitudes of all educators, especially beginning teachers.
An educator's decision about classroom management should be based on:
her or his philosophical beliefs about classroom management.
Classroom management and instruction:
are not separate entities - they must go hand-in-hand with the management plan providing the setting and support in which good instruction exists.
Which of the following statements best summarizes classroom management challenges today?
Behavior problems challenge all teachers, regardless of the school, grade level, or geographic location.
disturb teachers and students, negatively affect the teaching/learning process and ultimately hinder academic achievement.
When educators impose zero-tolerance policies, post strict rules and demand immediate obedience:
students are more prone to test the limits and misbehave.
Target Behaviors are those behaviors which educators decide to address because:
they violate class or school policy or those rules that interfere with teachers teaching or students learning.
The disciplinary provisions of The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) place emphasis on:
understanding why the student misbehaves.
Understanding classroom management challenges is a worthwhile beginning, but the ultimate goal must be to improve student behaviors. One way to attain this goal is:
for teachers to understand the classroom management theorists and models, and then select the ideas that work for them and develop a comprehensive classroom management plan.
Supported by individuals, professional associations, and governmental agencies, the Safe Schools Movement places a priority on:
making schools safe for students and educators by focusing on the problem of violence and proposing possible remedies.
Which is the best statement you can make about zero tolerance?
Unfortunately, zero tolerance has been viewed by some as a "cure-all" for school violence.
A student is suspended for having a plastic knife in her lunchbox. Another student was suspended for having a toy gun on a key ring. These are examples of:
Teachers talk about "Policies and Mission Statement," "Setting Expectations and Providing Training," and "Practices and Procedures" - they are probably discussing:
written intervention plans for safe schools.
According to the textbook, causes of school violence include:
gang presence and activity.
ALL OF THE ABOVE
Which of the following is true about bullying?
Bullying can include direct methods (e.g., teasing, taunting, and hitting) and also indirect methods (e.g., social isolation through exclusion).
Zero tolerance policies resulted when:
congress passed the Gun-Free School Act of 1994.
Some people maintained that factors such as lack of caring in schools, school overcrowding, and student alienation contribute to school violence. These are:
school-based risk factors.
Includes rejecting, terrorizing, extorting, humiliating, blackmailing, and rating/ranking of personal characteristics such as race, disability, ethnicity, disability, and perceived sexual orientation. This bullying is best called:
When teachers see bullying occurring, the best approach it to:
take immediate action in private so the bully might not see his (or her) status enhanced in front of peers.
Two aspects of safe schools that challenge educators include:
first, all classrooms face the threat of violence, and second, the goal should be for all classrooms and schools to be safe for all students and educators.
Glasser's quality school is one that:
helps students satisfy one or more psychological needs and adds quality to students' lives.
Gordon believes teachers need to insist upon students engaging in ________ rather than yelling, screaming, and punishing students to no avail.
What does Gordon mean by "I-messages?"
The teacher should say "I" rather than "You", e.g., instead of saying, "You dropped your books again!" the teacher should say, "I am annoyed when someone drops her or his books."
Regarding four-letter words, Ginott maintained:
ignore the word - do not address the saying of the word.
Communicating ________ and understanding is a complex art that often is made more difficult by classroom conditions.
Skinner advocated a managed environment such as his "baby box." Which is the best implication for elementary and secondary educators?
The teacher can manage the class environment by mandating strict rules, expectations, and consequences.
Although Skinner did not teach, one can safely assume that he would have believed:
The goal is to provide an environment in which the students know what is expected and feel physically and psychologically safe.
If a student has lost his or her self-control, a teacher steps in with ________ to help the student regain control.
William Glasser's Choice Theory is based upon the belief that:
the only person whose behavior we can control is our own.
One management technique advocated by Redl and Wattenberg is:
Supporting self-control which is based on the belief that individuals control their own conduct, and that much misbehavior results from a temporary lapse of an individual's control system rather than from a motivation to be disagreeable.
The Canters asked teachers to:
help students take charge of the classroom in a firm and positive manner.
Lee Canter and Marlene Canter proposed that teachers should:
accept that students and teachers have rights in the class, yet teachers should assertively manage the classroom.
"Please try" suggests which response style?
"We do not ask questions without permission - you must raise your hand." This statement is:
an example of an assertive statement.
Although developed primarily for students in grades 1 to 6, GBG has also been used successfully with:
preschoolers and secondary school students, students with special needs, and students from different cultures.
Using the principles of ________, GBG is designed to reinforce self-control and a work ethic by stressing group solidarity and cooperation.
J. Ron Nelson believed that some management practices such as:
checkmarks and repeated warnings might promote misbehaviors rather than extinguish them.
Like other behavioral models of classroom management, ________ relies on teachers to establish rules and routines, discuss inappropriate behaviors with students, identify and model acceptable behaviors and misbehaviors, and provide corrective feedback to students.
Two rules for Think Time include:
the student must remain silent and must respond only to the adult.
Everyone has seen and heard of acts of violence in schools, but these problems are not encountered on a daily basis by most educators. Instead, most misbehavior includes students:
sitting idly or talking with friends, disturbing neighbors who want to learn and obey rules, and walking around the classroom without permission.
According to Kounin's Instructional Management, teachers have to demonstrate:
appropriate teaching behaviors, maintain appropriate instructional momentum, work toward group focus, and plan a learning environment that is conducive to learning and behavior.
Developed by the Boy Scouts of America, Learning for Life is a pre- K-12 program and integrates ________ and academics.
________ management models build on the ideas of social and emotional learning (SEL).
Many of these SEL ecological classroom management models are complete commercial programs which are:
implemented at the school or school district level rather than by individual teachers.
Carol G. Allred developed a model that:
teaches students what positive actions are and how to do them holistically by including the physical, intellectual, social and emotional domains.
A number of studies of Positive Action in elementary schools found that the program:
decreased behavior problems, increased academic achievement and improved attendance while encouraging students to "demonstrate good character and engage in civic activities."
Open Circle, another research validated program for ________, relies on the use of the "Open Circle format in which students and teacher arrange their chairs in a circle and keep one chair empty to symbolize that the circle is open to anyone."
Lions Quest focuses on skills for growing, ________, and action.
Although all teachers might not demonstrate high levels of ________, most can learn proper desists, how to maintain an appropriate instructional momentum, and the techniques of group alerting and accountability.
The ecological models also show respect for all students. For example, although a problem might occur with developmental differences (e.g., students in elementary school might be affected by Kounin's ________ effect, but middle and secondary students might not be affected as much), no cultural or gender differences (or social class differences) appear to exist that would be affected or that would affect Kounin's prescribed instructional behaviors.
One role of the teacher in Coloroso's Inner Discipline is to:
demonstrate compassion after a student misbehaves
Coloroso talks about a teacher being a nonliving entity who restricts and controls others. This teacher is all powerful; the student is the subordinate. Gray areas do not exist because all class events are clear cut and in black and white. Coloroso is referring to a:
What is Coloroso's opinion of rewards?
Teachers should not rely on rewards to promote positive behavior - rewards send the message that kindness and positive behavior can be bought and bartered.
Which is the best statement about Coloroso's Inner Discipline?
Her theory holds that teaching discipline and behavior management are similar and can be packaged as a complete model.
Natural consequences involve:
real-world consequences or interventions and deal with the reality of the situation rather than the power and control of the adult.
According to Marvin Marshall, teachers can:
control a student's behavior but actual change must come from within.
Select the most accurate description of Marshall's opinion of competition.
Marshall supports competition for extracurricular activities, but he thinks classroom competition is counterproductive.
When teachers make and enforce the rules and consequences:
students do not feel a sense of responsibility and no longer feel or have any ownership in class decisions.
According to Marshall, the ultimate goal of discipline is:
Marshall's Discipline without Stress is based upon three core principles of positivity, choice, and:
Which of the following is a genuine incentive to motivate the whole class to work?
Students will get five minutes at the end of class to play a learning game.
In Grandma's Rule, the reward comes:
Evertson and Harris have made several contributions to the field of classroom management. These include:
the focus on teachers' instructional behaviors and different interventions for different misbehaviors.
According to Evertson and Harris, specific student misbehaviors call for different types of interventions: minor interventions, ________ interventions, and more extensive interventions.
One key to organizing and managing classrooms for effective instruction is:
advance preparation and planning from the first day of school.
Johnson and Johnson proposed the three Cs - they are:
cooperation, conflict resolution, and civic values.
Which is an important aspect of Responsive Classroom?
Communicating with parents and realizing the need to establish positive partnerships between educators and the families of students
One Responsive Classroom practice is the Morning Meeting. This is a daily class meeting that:
provides time for sharing, planning, and participating in group activities and begins the day on a positive note.
Because Responsive Classrooms is designed as a whole school model:
administrators support teacher collaboration.
A key point of Evertson's and Harris' Classroom Management and Organization is:
Teachers adopting Democratic Teaching must commit to several beliefs. One of these beliefs is
the belief in the worth and dignity of all people.
The student refuses to complete assignments during class. The teacher requires the student to do the work during breaktime. This is an example of:
Educators who want to use Gathercoal's Judicious Discipline as a framework to complement other classroom management models need to accept the philosophical foundations and basic tenets of the theory, namely that Judicious Discipline:
is based upon the U.S. Bill of Rights.
Freedom, to Gathercoal, means:
students do not have license to do as they please. It means they have freedom to think and act on behalf of their own self-interests, but only if those individual interests are balanced with the welfare needs of other members of the larger community. d. about the same as Charles Silberman's book during the 1960s about allowing students freedom to learn and express themselves.
Concerning rules, Curwin and Mendler proposed that teachers:
explain all rules to students, so they will better understand the reasons for the rules.
Curwin and Mendler maintained that ________ ________ are one of the most effective means for teachers to take charge of their classrooms and still give students a voice in class decisions.
Discipline with Dignity reflects:
a responsibility model rather than an obedience model.
What statement best summarizes Linda Albert's position on influence and control?
Linda Albert encourages teachers to influence the behavior of individual students.
Albert's model of discipline most closely relates to:
Which of the following is true about Linda Albert's position of parenting?
-Teachers should talk to parents to inspire parents' cooperation.
-Teachers should keep complaints to a minimum by selecting examples of misbehavior rather than naming a student's every transgression.
-Teachers should avoid predictions of future failures and should never make parents think their child is incorrigible or unable to succeed in school.
ALL OF THE ABOVE
The definition of Consistency Management and Cooperative Discipline: ?
has moved from a behaviorist perspective to a more behavior modification theory while using a generalist theoretical background.
Regarding self-discipline, Freiberg thought:
An entire school must develop a continuity of actions and expectations for staff, teachers, and students; and must be committed to giving students consistent messages about self-discipline.
Students who behave as citizens are:
active decision makers who feel they are an integral part of the classroom.
Rather than advancing a model or a well-defined theory of classroom management, Alfie Kohn challenges some commonly accepted beliefs about students and discipline, and:
encourages educators to move beyond traditional concepts of classroom management.
As with all classroom management plans, CMCD requires teachers to adopt several roles and accept several responsibilities. One role is teachers:
examine their own values regarding student behavior and behavior management, to understand how they are communicating those values to students, and to determine whether those values have meaning for the students.
Many teachers who see the harmful effects of punishing students turn to using rewards. Kohn claims that:
manipulating student behavior with either punishment or rewards is not only unnecessary but counterproductive.
Kohn views disciplinary techniques (e.g., rewards, bribes, and threat) as
instruments for controlling learners, which teachers should avoid.
According to Kohn's views of competition in schools, it:
means some students will succeed and others will fail, thus competition should be avoided.
There are several themes that are common to all of the community approaches to classroom management. One includes:
Educators take a positive developmental view of students and work with them instead of trying to control them.
Characteristics of a school with a sense of caring community include:
a strong sense and commitment of the school administration that supports teachers and the adopted classroom management model.
Many models and theories of classroom management were designed to be used by individual teachers in their own classrooms.
Sometimes, however, the discipline problems extend outside a single classroom.
Some classroom management models and theories focus on character education, the development of social skills and social learning, a reduction in off-task behaviors, and:
the strengthening of instruction.
In looking for the causes of aggressive and sometimes violent behavior, researchers have found that both parents and communities contribute to the problem because:
of their failure to help students develop appropriate social skills and by failing to model these skills.
Project ACHIEVE and its Stop and Think social skills process emphasizes teaching:
PBS is a philosophical stance that refers to the use of systems and positive interventions to "achieve socially important behavior change." Originally developed to deal with students who had severe disabilities and:
problems of violence and aggression
In PBS, the central idea is for educations and other stakeholders to create and sustain a school environment that:
improves lifestyle results (personal health, social, family, work, recreation, etc.) for all children and youth by making problem behavior less effective, efficient and relevant and making desired behavior more functional.
To implement PBS, a school must have the support of its ________ who are willing to commit both time and money to the plan.
Project ACHIEVE provides training for guidance counselors, school psychologists, and elementary instructional consultants in racially diverse elementary schools with students from low socioeconomic areas. It is a ________ program whose purpose is to teach children how to manage themselves and their behavior"
As a school-based program, Project ACHIEVE focuses on ________ development to prepare all school employees to "address the immediate and long-term academic and behavioral needs of all students."
The year before the Project Achieve actually begins, an Advisory Board plans the implementation and:
- The members of the Advisory Board present an overview of the requirements of the plan to the educators in the school.
- 80% of the faculty and staff must vote to accept the plan in order to implement it.
- With that approval, a variety of teams (e.g., school climate team, grade-level leaders, pupil personnel support team) are established, baseline data are collected, and a data management system is established.
ALL OF THE ABOVE
You overhear a teacher say: "Bethany is a visually impaired girl who needs special allowances for her handicap." Which of the following is true?
- Such a statement ignores all Bethany's strengths and special abilities.
- Such a statement emphasizes "weaknesses" rather "strengths."
- Such a statement as, "I don't know how to teach and manage students who have special needs - I'm not a special education teacher" shows a lack of knowledge, which will likely lead to a limited learning environment.
ALL OF THE ABOVE
Today, parents, students, teachers, and administrators throughout the U.S. expect schools to educate as many students as possible in general education classes. This means teachers must:
use effective classroom management strategies that work for all children.
In order for peer-mediation to work, teachers must:
instruct the students in the ways they are expected to act.
Classroom management practices in inclusive classrooms should:
promote social interaction and should lead to acceptance for all students.
Regarding "gifted and talented students," the textbook suggests:
Special needs also include gifted and talented students who need assistance making the most of their unique abilities.
Unfortunately, some learners have more than one physical, psychosocial, or cognitive need. In this case, educators should:
realize a complex and intricate relationship exists among these areas of special needs.
Learners functioning at one developmental level simply cannot comprehend the management tasks required of the next higher developmental level. That means:
classroom management expectations and practices designed for middle or high school learners often will not work for PreK or elementary students without significant modifications.
Inclusive education should promote:
acceptance, belonging, and tolerance among students with and without special needs and allow all students to have access to a high-quality, educational program.
Some students face double- or even-triple jeopardy:
For example, a girl might be a second language learner, hearing impaired, and speech impaired.
In co-teaching, a general education teacher and a special education teacher or other specialist provide instruction to students in an inclusive classroom, yet both educators are both responsible for developing a management plan, planning instruction, teaching and facilitating learning activities, and assessing their own effectiveness as well as student progress.
The statement is correct as written
Some educators still subscribe to the wrongful belief that a purpose of the school is to:
homogenize students and to eradicate or "remediate" differences in learning and behavior. They expect students to behave according to the school's behavior standards.
When the social skills necessary for success in school are "contrary to the behaviors in which the child has been socialized", teachers have the responsibility for identifying these different cultural points of view, acknowledging them, and helping students learn the alternative social skills they need to be successful in school.
To be culturally effective, teachers must be culturally knowledgeable;
able to analyze the role of culture in their perceptions of student behavior; and able to use culture to create classroom contexts that support, nurture, and respect students.
Teachers, regardless of the grade they teach or the academic level, have the responsibility for recognizing ________ and planning appropriate classroom management for all learners.
Differences such as income level, home and family conditions, and gender may appear difficult to overcome, so the teacher should:
accept the responsibility to provide culturally appropriate educational experiences for all students, regardless of differences.
Today, society increasingly considers differences among children and adolescents as:
strengths to be appreciated and on which educational experiences can be built.
Too often we have heard teachers say: "Girls are harder to manage than boys" or vice-versa. This statement is:
stereotypical at best.
When confrontational situations arise, girls may feel comfortable using ________ to solve the problem through conflict resolution while boys may immediately use physical aggression.
Developing rules for cooperative learning include:
Listen to and respect the ideas of all members of the group
Share ideas and materials, and take turns
Stay focused on the task and work together
In addition to ________ differences, socially and culturally determined standards for acceptable masculine and feminine behavior can cause significant differences.
Teachers who discuss questions such as "Do I view students as equals or subordinates?" and "Do I want to 'manage' or 'discipline' students?" are engaged in a process of:
understanding their philosophical beliefs about classroom management.
Teachers should communicate what types of information to parents?
The times when a student misbehaves that the teacher will contact an administrator.
Many misbehaviors can be prevented when educators:
- treat students fairly and equitably.
- build trust and responsibility.
- emphasize clear communication.
ALL OF THE ABOVE
"Lynn calls out the answers all the time instead of raising her hand." According to the textbook, this is which level of misbehavior?
"During silent reading, Leah stops and stares out the window for a long time." According to the textbook, this is which level of misbehavior?
Effective classroom managers usually:
- use classroom management procedures that reflect their philosophical beliefs.
- think about their classroom management procedures and why they use them.
- take into consideration our schools' increasingly diversity.
ALL OF THE ABOVE
As a result of our hundreds of visits to elementary, middle, and secondary schools, the authors of the textbook have concluded that:
some educators have not engaged in a deliberate process to develop a personal philosophy of classroom management.
"The first step is to determine how you feel about students, your role as a teacher, and the ultimate goals of your classroom management ideas." The teacher is:
considering her or his classroom management philosophy.
Although you should avoid embarrassing or ridiculing students into compliance, you also must:
- use developmentally appropriate philosophical practices
- understand powerful effects of peer pressure on middle school and higher students
- remember the disastrous effects that can occur when students are harassed, bullied, ridiculed, and threatened on a daily basis.
ALL OF THE ABOVE
If you teach in a school that has adopted a specific classroom management model, you probably will have to:
adjust your philosophical thinking to meet the expectations of the model.
Although some teachers prefer the security of a school-adopted classroom management model:
other teachers like to implement classroom management strategies that work for them and that reflect their philosophical beliefs.
In addition to creating a positive classroom culture, effective classroom managers also:
create a sense of classroom community.
What is the best statement about basic rules?
Basic rules which are necessary for the welfare of all students should be posted and discussed the first day of school, and if necessary, taught during the first several days of school.
Ideally, the existence of community should:
lessen conflicts between educators and students, reduce discipline referrals, and reduce confrontations among students.
As you move from philosophy to practice, you must examine ways to:
develop effective human relations skills, build a sense of classroom community, teach self-discipline and cooperation, and communicate and collaborate with parents.
Most teachers deal daily with students who demonstrate off task behaviors. In fact:
Frederic Jones in his book Positive Classroom Discipline found that most behavior problems are of a lesser degree or what he called small disruptions.
Along with rules, teachers must consider the consequences when the rules are broken. Which is/are good questions to ask?
- Will you use rewards when rules are followed or a check mark system when rules are broken?
- Will you have a hierarchy of responses?
- Will you examine the reason for the misbehavior before identifying a consequence?
ALL THE ABOVE
By ignoring minor misbehaviors and praising positive behaviors, these teachers hope that:
negative behaviors will lessen and positive behaviors will increase.
Effective classroom managers often have to figure out how they can:
match instructional behaviors and management strategies most effectively with students' motivation; self-esteem; and gender, cultural, and developmental characteristics.
All educators need to realize that classroom management involves working with live human beings. Thus, effective:
human relations skills need to be used in every classroom.
Sets found in the same folder
Chapter 10: Communication Disorders
PE: Ch. 1
Exceptional Children Chapter 7
Sets with similar terms
Intro To Teaching Chapter 10
Hospitality Today Chapter 12
Chapter 12 - FINAL
Other sets by this creator
Other Quizlet sets
NHA Final Study Test (questions I got wrong)
a&p ch 21 part 4
Federal Government Exam IV
BS Quiz 5