GCSE Film Studies Sound terms
Key terms for Sound in films
Terms in this set (14)
The background noise present in a scene e.g. traffic
Sound within the film world that the characters & audience can hear; includes voices, sounds made by objects in the story, ambient sound, music coming from instruments in the story (a radio for example)
Sound that only the audience can hear, NOT a part of the story world; includes narration, film score
Type of sound that is part of story but comes from an off-screen source
Means "created sound, manufactured sound"; an artist of this uses random objects to make sound effects for movies
Music specifically made for a film, usually non-diegetic, made by a composer, such as in "The Lord Of The Rings"
Pre-existing music put into a film, such as AC/DC in Iron Man 3
Term used to describe how, when someone is far away, their voice is quieter, as opposed to when they are closer to the camera, their voice is louder
Type of ambient sound with distinct features; It goes beyonf ambient sound to describe the situation, such as kids playing or laughing
Sounds which are synchronized or matched with what is on the screen. For example, if a character is making boiling a kettle, the sound of a boiling kettle would be played.
Sound effects which are not matched with a visible source of the sound on screen. Such sounds can be included to provide an appropriate emotional state, and they may also add to the realism of the film. For example, a film maker might opt to include the background sound of an ambulance's siren while the foreground sound and image portrays an arguing couple. The asynchronous ambulance siren suggests how damaging the argument is to both people
When the tone of the music matches the mood being shown on screen, e.g. uplifting music when the romantic couple finally kiss
When the tone of the music does not match the mood being shown on screen, i.e. the music is 'counterpoint' to the images we are being shown. For example, a sound of a funfair and people laughing over a scene of a murderer stalking his victim would be contrapuntal
Sound bridges are part of the continuity of a film: Often sound will continue from one scene to the next. The images may change but sound continues across frames. This creates a coherent world that is understandable to the viewer.