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US Constitution Sets Free Press Precedent

The legal and regulatory issues that media face are attempts to balance the media's rights and responsibilities.

US Media's Role

to encourage "unihibited, robust and wide open" debate.

Government trues to restrict free expression

before 1964 the first ammendment faced only 4 notable government challenges: The alien and sedition laws of 1798, the espionage act of 1940 and the congressional investigation of suspected communistys in the late 1940's

"the bundle"

the combination of telecommunications services that the the media industries can offer consumers.


the practice of suppressing material that is considered morally, politically or otherwise objectionable.


Child Online Protection Act. A law aimed at preventing minors from getting access to sexually explicit online material.


the practice of one company owning TV and radio stations in the same broadcast market.


Digital Millenium Copyright Act

False Light

The charge that what was implied in a story about someone was incorrect.


House Un-American Activities Committee

Hudson Test

a legal test that establishes a standard for commercial speech protection

Intellectual Property Rights

The legal right of ownership ideas and content published in any medium.

LAPS test

A yardstick for local obscenity judgements which evaluates an artistic work's literacy, artistic, political, or scientific values.


a false statement that damages a persons character or reputation by exposing that person to public ridicule and contempt.


National Security Letter

Pool Reporting

an arrangement that places reporters in small government supervised groups to cover an event.

Prior Restraint

government censorship of information before the information is published or broadcast.

Qualified Privilege

The freedom of the press to report what is discussed during legislative and court proceedings.


Regional Bell Operating Companies, aka "baby bells"

Roth Test

a standard court test for obscenity, named for one of the defendants in an obscenity case.

Shield Laws

laws that protect journalists from revealing their sources and/or the information that is communicated between journalists and their sources in a journalistic relationship.


An abbreviation for telephone company.


World Intellectual Property Organization

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