Sadlier Oxford Level G: Unit 1-7

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

bestial
(adj.) beastlike; beastly, brutal; subhuman in intelligence and sensibility

SYN: animalistic, loathsome
ANT: human, clement, virtuous, upright
counterpart
(n.) a person or thing closely resembling or corresponding to another; a complement

SYN: match
demur
(v.) to object or take exception to; (n.) an objection

SYN: (v.) protest, object to
ANT: (v.) assent to, consent to, accept, agree to
ephemeral
(adj.) lasting only a short time, short-lived

SYN: transient, evanescent, transitory
ANT: durable, long-lasting, permanent, perpetual
furtive
(adj.) done slyly or stealthily, sneaky, secret, shifty; stolen

SYN: covert, surreptitious
ANT: aboveboard, open
garish
(adj.) glaring; tastelessly showy or overdecorated in a vulgar or offensive way

SYN: gaudy, flashy, tawdry
ANT: subdued, muted, understated, quiet
illusory
(adj.) misleading, deceptive; lacking in or not based on reality

SYN: specious, spurious, imaginary
ANT: actual, real, factual, objective
indigent
(adj.) needy, impoverished

SYN: penniless, poverty-stricken, destitute
ANT: affluent, prosperous
inordinate
(adj.) far too great, exceeding reasonable limits, excessive

SYN: exorbitant, extravagant
ANT: reasonable, equitable
Acquisitive
(adj.) Able to get and retain ideas or information; concerned with acquiring wealth or property.
(SYN: greedy, avaricious, retentive)
(ANT: altruistic)
Arrogate
(v.) To claim or take without right.
(SYN: expropriate, commandeer)
(ANT: renounce, abdicate, abandon)
Banal
(adj.) Hackneyed, trite, commonplace.
(SYN: stale, insipid)
(ANT: fresh, original, new)
Belabor
(v.) To work on excessively; to thrash soundly.
(SYN: overwork)
Carping
(adj.) Tending to find fault, especially in a petty, nasty, or hairsplitting way; (n.) petty, nagging criticism.
(SYN: nit-picking, caviling)
(ANT: approving, uncritical)
Coherent
(adj.) Holding or sticking together; making a logical whole; comprehensible, meaningful.
(SYN: connected, unified, consistent, cohesive)
(ANT: muddled, chaotic, disjointed)
Congeal
(v.) To change from liquid to solid, thicken; to make inflexible or rigid.
(SYN: harden, jell, solidify)
(ANT: liquefy)
Emulate
(v.) To imitate with the intent of equaling or surpassing the model.
(SYN: copy, mimic, rival, match, measure up to)
Encomium
(n.) A formal expression of praise, a lavish tribute.
(SYN: panegyric, eulogy)
(ANT: condemnation, castigation, criticism)
Eschew
(v.) To avoid, shun, keep away from.
(SYN: abstain from, steer clear of, forgo)
(ANT: embrace, adopt)
Germane
(adj.) Relevant, appropriate, apropos, fitting.
(SYN: pertinent)
(ANT: irrelevant, extraneous, inappropriate)
Insatiable
(adj.) So great or demanding as not to be satisfied.
(SYN: unquenchable, ravenous)
Intransigent
(adj.) Refusing to compromise, irreconcilable.
(SYN: uncompromising, unyielding, obdurate)
(ANT: lukewarm, halfhearted, yielding)
Invidious
(adj.) Offensive, hateful; tending to cause bitterness and resentment.
(SYN: malicious, spiteful, prejudicial, pejorative)
(ANT: flattering, ameliorative)
Largesse
(n.) Generosity in giving; lavish or bountiful contributions.
(SYN: liberality, bounty)
(ANT: stinginess, miserliness, niggardliness)
Reconnaissance
(n.) A survey made for military purposes; any kind of preliminary inspection or examination.
(SYN: exploration)
Substantiate
(v.) To establish by evidence, prove; to give concrete or substantial form to.
(SYN: confirm, validate, authenticate)
(ANT: refute, disprove, invalidate)
Taciturn
(adj.) Habitually silent or quiet, inclined to talk very little.
(SYN: tight-lipped, uncommunicative, laconic)
(ANT: garrulous, loquacious, prolix, verbose)
Temporize
(v.) To stall or act evasively in order to gain time, avoid a confrontation, or postpone a decision; to compromise.
(SYN: dillydally, procrastinate)
Tenable
(adj.) Capable of being held or defended.
(SYN: defensible, justifiable, maintainable)
(ANT: indefensible, unjustifiable)
Accost
(v.) To approach and speak first, to confront in a challenging or aggressive way
Animadversion
(n.) A comment indicating strong criticism or disapproval
Avid
(adj.) Desirous of something to the point of greed; intensely eager
Brackish
(adj.) Having a salty taste and unpleasant to drink
Celerity
(n.) Swiftness, rapidity of motion or action
Devious
(adj.) Straying or wandering from a straight or direct course; done or acting in a shifty or underhanded way
Gambit
(n.) In chess, an opening move that involves risk or sacrifice of a minor piece in order to gain a later advantage; any opening move of this type
Halcyon
(n.) A legendary bird identified with the kingfisher
(adj.) Of or relating to the halcyon; calm, peaceful, happy, golden; prosperous, affluent
Histrionic
(adj.) Pertaining to actors and their techniques; theatrical, artificial, melodramatic
Incendiary
(adj.) Deliberately setting or causing fires; designed to start fires; tending to stir up strife per rebellion
(n.) One who deliberately sets fires, arsonists, one who causes strife
Maelstrom
(n.) A whirlpool of great size and violence; a situation resembling a whirlpool in violence and destruction
Myopic
(adj.) Nearsighted; lacking a broad, realistic view of a situation; lacking foresight or discernment
Overt
(adj.) Open, not hidden, expressed or revealed in a way that is easily recognized
Pejorative
(adj.) Tending to make worse; expressing disapproval or disparagement, derogatory, deprecatory, belittling
Propriety
(n.) The state of being proper, appropriateness
(pl.) Standards of what is proper or socially acceptable
Sacrilege
(n.) Improper or disrespectful treatment of something held sacred
Summarily
(adv.) Without delay or formality; briefly, concisely
Suppliant
(adj.) Asking humbly and earnestly
(n.) One who makes a request humbly and earnestly, a petitioner, suitor
Talisman
(n.) An object that serves as charm or is believed to confer magical powers, an amulet, fetish
Undulate
(v.) To move in waves or with a wavelike motion; to have a wavelike appearance or form
cavort
(v.) to romp or prance around exuberantly; to make merry

SYN: gambol
credence
(n.) belief, mental acceptance

SYN: credit, trust, confidence
ANT: disbelief, skepticism, incredulity
decry
(v.) to condemn, express strong disapproval; to officially depreciate

SYN: denounce, censure, devalue
ANT: tout, commend, extol, laud, praise
dissemble
(v.) to disguise or conceal, deliberately give a false impression

SYN: dissimulate, mask feign
distraught
(adj.) very much agitated or upset as a result of emotion or mental conflict

SYN: distracted
ANT: calm, collected
eulogy
(n.) a formal statement of commendation; high praise

SYN: encomium, tribute
ANT: philippic, invective
evince
(v.) to display clearly, to make evident, to provoke

SYN: exhibit, manifest, occasion
exhume
(v.) to remove from a grave; to bring to light

SYN: disinter, unearth, uncover
ANT: bury, inter
feckless
(adj.) lacking in spirit and strength; ineffective, weak; irresponsible, unreliable

SYN: feeble, incompetent, ineffectual
ANT: competent, capable, effective
murky
(adj.) dark and gloomy, obscure; lacking in clarity and precision

SYN: dim, cloudy
ANT: clear, transparent, lucid, limpid
nefarious
(adj.) wicked, depraved, devoid of moral standards

SYN: iniquitous, reprehensible
ANT: virtuous, honorable, praiseworthy, meritorious
piquant
(adj.) stimulating to the taste or mind; spicy, pungent; appealingly provocative

SYN: zestful, tangy
ANT: bland, insipid, tasteless, mild
primordial
(adj.) developed or created at the very beginning; going back to the most ancient times or earliest stage; fundamental, basic

SYN: original, primal
propinquity
(n.) nearness in place or time; kinship

SYN: similarity
ANT: remoteness, distance
substantive
(adj.) real, having a solid basis; considerable in number or amount; meaningful and on topic

SYN: firm, substantial, meaty
ANT: imaginary, unreal, meaningless
unwonted
(adj.) not usual or expected; not in character

SYN: unusual, uncommon, unexpected, atypical
ANT: usual, customary, typical
utopian
(adj.) founded upon or involving a visionary view of an ideal world; impractical

SYN: idealistic
ANT: realistic, pragmatic
verbiage
(n.) language that is too wordy or inflated in proportion to the sense or content, wordiness; a manner of expression

SYN: prolixity, diction, jargon
verdant
(adj.) green in tint or color; immature in experience or judgment

SYN: artless, naive
ANT: scorched, sere, barren
viscous
(adj.) having a gelatinous or gluey quality, lacking in easy movement or fluidity

SYN: sticky, thick
ANT: watery, aqueous
Atrophy
The wasting away of a body organ or tissue; any progressive decline or failure;
Bastion
A fortified place, stronghold.
Consummate
Complete or perfect in the highest degree; To bring to a state of completion or perfection.
Disarray
Disorder, confusion. To throw into disorder.
Glean
To gather bit by bit; to gather small quantities of grain left in a field by the reapers.
Incarcerate
To imprison, confine, jail.
Incumbent
Obligatory, required. one who holds a specific office at the time spoken of.
Jocular
Humorous, jesting, jolly, joking.
Ludicrous
Ridiculous, laughable, absurd.
Recumbent
In a reclining position, lying down, in the posture of one sleeping or resting.
Acuity
(n.) Sharpness (particularly of the mind or senses)
(SYN: acuteness)
(ANT: dullness, obtuseness)
Depraved
(adj.) Marked by evil and corruption, devoid of moral principles.
(SYN: perverted, degenerate, vicious, corrupt)
(ANT: moral, virtuous, upright, uncorrupted)
Esoteric
(adj.) Intended for or understood by only a select few, private, secret.
(SYN: cryptic, arcane, recondite)
(ANT: accessible, comprehensible, intelligible)
Figment
(n.) A fabrication of the mind; an arbitrary notion.
(SYN: invention, fancy)
Garner
(v.) To acquire as the result of effort; to gather and store away, as for future use.
(SYN: collect, accumulate, accrue)
(ANT: scatter, squander, waste, dissipate)
Idiosyncrasy
(n.) A peculiarity that serves to distinguish or identify.
(SYN: quirk, mannerism)
Mundane
(adj.) Earthly, worldly, relating to practical and material affairs; concerned with what is ordinary.
(SYN: prosaic, humdrum, routine, sublunary)
(ANT: heavenly, spiritual, transcendental)
Penchant
(n.) A strong attraction or inclination.
(SYN: proclivity, predilection)
(ANT: disinclination, aversion)
Reputed
(adj.) According to reputation or general belief; having widespread acceptance and good reputation; (part.) alleged.
(SYN: putative, reputable)
(ANT: proven, corroborated, authenticated)
Sumptuous
(adj.) Costly, rich, magnificent.
(SYN: lavish, munificent, opulent, splendid)
(ANT: skimpy, stingy, niggardly, spartan)
agnostic
one who believes that nothing can be known about God; a skeptic; without faith, skeptical

syn: doubter

ant: believer
derelict
someone or something that is abandoned or neglected; left abandoned; neglectful of duty

syn: vagrant; delinquent

ant: punctilious, conscientious, scrupulous
inane
silly, empty, meaning or value

syn: idiotic, moronic, fatuous

ant: sensible, meaningful, profound
indictment
the act of accusing; a formal accusation

syn: charge, accusation
intermittent
stopping and beginning again, sporadic

syn: fitful, spasmodic, random

ant: uninterrupted
moot
open to discussion and debate, unresolved, to bring up for discussion

syn: debatable, questionable, broach

ant: undebatable, indisputable, self-evident
motif
a principal idea, feature, theme, or element
surveillance
a watch kept over a person; careful, close, and disciplined observation

syn: observation, monitoring
testy
easily irritated; characterized by impatience and exasperation

syn: irritable, peevish, waspish, petulant

ant: imperturbable, unexcitable
travesty
a grotesque or grossly inferior imitation; a disguise

syn: burlesque, caricature, farce