Upgrade to remove ads
Chapter Seven: Early Christian Art
Terms in this set (27)
the aisle around the apse
semicircular indent with a dome in the front of the church, usually where the altar is.
a large open space at the front of the church for people considering Christianity
an organization where the parts of a building are organized longitudinally, or along a given axis
a church with a central nave and aisles
underground chambers used for burials
domed central space with barrel vaulted side aisles (everything branches off from a big dome in the middle)
high windows, often on the ceiling or in domes, that let in light and air
sunken panels in the ceiling meant to lighten the overall weight of the ceiling
Private rooms in the typical Roman house which radiated from the atrium in the center of the house
accounts of the life of Jesus
niche in a catacomb where the poor would be buried
a little semicircle with a small scene inside it
the entryway to the church, often opposite the apse
A figure with extended arms and a general attitude of prayer
Jewish house of worship
The Jewish name for the Old Testament
space opposite the nave, occupied by the clergy
a space in a church above the nave arcade, below the clerestory, and extending over the vaults, or ceilings, of the side aisles, often contained mosaics
Synagogue of Dura Europos (245-256 CE) Originally a home, later converted to a synagogue. The old testament is illustrated on the walls, but not in narrative order. The Torah niche (where the torah scroll is kept) is in the center.
Good Shepard (4th century CE) Fresco on the walls of a catacomb. The image is of Jesus as a shepherd (references a parable, meant to imply that he will rescue all the members of his flock). The crossed layout is similar to the Greek Calf Bearer. The lunettes around him portray the life of Jonas, and in between the lunettes are orant figures.
Old St. Peter's (320 CE) Built on the spot where St. Peter is said to be buried. Axial plan with a long center axis, based on Roman basilicas. Included atrium for non-Christians, nave for worshipers, transept for clergy.
Santa Sabina (422-432 CE) Columns taken from Roman buildings, second story contains triforium, has a simple exterior but an intricate interior, coffered wood ceiling, and clerestory on third story.
Santa Costanza (337-351 CE) Central planned church dedicated to Constantine's daughter. Domed central space with barrel vaulted side aisles, rotunda with a dome. The dome mosaics depict putti (cherubs) harvesting grapes, which draws a parallel between the wine of (Roman god) Bacchus and blood of Christ. The ambulatory is separated from central space by a ring of 12 pairs of columns which symbolize the12 apostles.
Mausoleum of Galla Placidia (450 CE) fusion of central and axial plans. Plain brick on outside whith pediments, interior covered in mosaics which depict the path to redemption.
Good Shepard (425 CE) Mosaic from the Galla Placidia. lunette depicting Christ as a shepherd (refers to parable of lost sheep). Regal version of Christ, imperial with golden halo, staff, golden cross, fancy robes in purple and gold. The figures are in 3D and cast shadows.
Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus (359 CE) marble. Junius Bassus was prefect of Rome, baptized before death. Niches in the sarcophagus include biblical scenes and Christ enthroned over the sky gods to show his dominance over pagan gods. Influenced by Roman Art.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Chapter One: Prehistoric Art
Chapter Four: Aegean Art
Chapter Five: Greek Art
Chapter Six: Roman and Etruscan Art
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
art history exam definitions
AP Art History - Early Christian Art
Ch. 7 Terms
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Chapter Thirteen: Early Medieval
Chapter Twelve: Japanese Art
Chapter Eleven: Chinese Art
Chapter Ten: South and Southeast Asian Art