Terms in this set (30)
the belief that it was America's fate to expand across the continent and eventually the world; westward expansion ends in 1890.
US policy opposed to any European interference in the affairs of the western hemisphere
US ship blown up near Cuba. The US believed it was done by the Spanish and it started the Spanish-Am War. It was really an internal explosion.
Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers; used to fuel suspicion against Spain in the USS Maine explosion
A private letter written by Spanish Minister DeLome to U.S, criticized President McKinley call him "weak"
Battle of Manila
First Battle of the Spanish-American War in the Philippines; US victory under Commodore George Dewey showing US steel ships are more powerful than Spanish wooden ships)
Battle of San Juan Hill
One of the most important battles of the Spanish-American War: in 1898. Roosevelt and Rough Riders defeated Spain. Placed America at an advantage
Treaty of Paris, 1898
Concluded the Spanish American War, after six months of fighting. From the treaty, America got Guam, Puerto Rico and they paid 20 million dollars for the Philippines. Cuba was freed from Spain.
An addition to the Monroe Doctrine: If there are any problems in Latin America, the US must intervene to take control
Open Door Policy
A. A success of US economy depends upon US exports to the world
B. Closing foreign markets threatens US survival
C. US has the right to intervene with other nations to keep the US economy alive.
Give countries money or loans to keep them closely tied to the US, especially Latin America
40 mile long canal dug from 1904-14 to connect Atlantic and Pacific. Helped trade and travel.
Roosevelt Nobel Prize
Won the nobel prize in 1906 for presiding over the Treaty of Portsmouth which ended the Russo-Japanese War of 1905
Great White Fleet
US Navy painted 16 ships white and sailed around the world to show US is unstoppable 1907-1909
believed that to be a major world power, the US must become a player in world affairs
American democracy will get corrupt by involvement with other nations and should stay out of world affairs
wanted voting rights for all Hawaiians and wanted a democracy; white businessmen revolted, arrested her, and removed her from office
forced by wealthy white Americans to give whites more power in Hawaii
Sanford B. Dole
American businessman who became president of the new government of Hawaii after the queen was pushed out; asked the US to annex Hawaii. In 1898, Hawaii became part of the US. Became a state in 1959. Oh, and FRUIT CUPS!
A United States naval officer remembered for his victory at Manila Bay in the Spanish-American War, U.S. naval commander who led the American attack on the Philippines
25th president responsible for Spanish-American War, Philippine-American War, and the Annexation of Hawaii, imperialism. Is assassinated by an anarchist.
26th President. Increased size of Navy, "Great White Fleet". Added Roosevelt Corollary to Monroe Doctrine. "Big Stick" policy. Received Nobel Peace Prize for mediation of end of Russo-Japanese war. Oh, and TEDDY BEAR!
Leader of the Filipino independence against Spain. He proclaimed the independence of the Philippines in 1899, but his movement was crushed and he was captured by the United States Army in 1901.
Spanish General sent to stop Cuban revolt, referred to as the "Butcher" because of harsh tactics: concentration camps, shooting civilians.
Spanish minister to the United States who gave an unflattering assessment of President McKinley's abilities in a letter. The letter was leaked to the press causing outrage amongst the American public against Spain.
Reasons for American Imperialism
1. to avoid European expansion/control
2. new economic markets
3. increased military to control seas and US businesses
4. Anglo-Saxon superiority
Why did America enter the Spanish American War?
1. USS Maine
2. DeLome letter
3. Yellow journalism
4. Roosevelt Corollary: to protect Cuba from Spain
Some positive outcomes of the Spanish American War?
+US won and became a world power
+shows US industrial & military strength
some negative outcomes of the Spanish American War?
-responsibilities come with being a world power
-Philippine American War (but US wins)
-US must control countries by taking their freedom
Why did America annex the Philippines?
1. duty of white people to govern those inferior to them
2. to avoid Japan or Germany from annexing the land first
3. kind of like acquiring Hawaii