22 terms

A&P Brain and Cranial Nerves

STUDY
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Olfactory
sensory nerve.
-smell
Optic
sensory nerve.
-vision
Oculomotor
motor nerve.
-pupil constriction
-eyelid elevation
-most muscles that cause eye movements
Trochlear
motor nerve.
-eye movements
Trigeminal
mixed nerve.
-sensory: face, cornea
-motor: muscles of masticaiton
Abducens
motor nerve.
-eye movements
Facial
mixed nerve.
-sensory: taste (anterior tongue)
-motor: facial expression (minetic), salivary, tear
Vestibular Cochlear
sensory nerve.
-hearing and balance
Glossopharyngeal
mixed nerve.
-sensory: taste, pharynx (bitter)
-motor: swallowing, saliva production
Vagus
mixed nerve.
-sensory: viscera
-motor: control of pharynx, larynx, and parasympathetic nervous system
Spinal Accessory
motor nerve.
-sternocleidomastoid
-upper trapezius
Hypoglassal
motor nerve.
-tongue
Frontal Lobe
-personality regulation
-behavior
-higher cognitive function
-motor control area (Precentral gyrus)
-Brocca's area (speech production)
Parietal Lobe
-sensory reception/integration center
-association cortex
Temporal Lobe
-hearing, taste, smell centers
-Wernicke's Area of speech perception
Occipital Lobe
vision and intermediate visual processing center
Corpus Callosum
-white fiber tracts that connect the two hemispheres of the brain
Basal Ganglia
-islands of gray matter within the brain's white matter
-regulate movement
thalamus
sensory relay center to cortex
hypothalamus
-controls pituitary
-regulates: BP, thirst, hunger, temperature, and sleep patterns
cerebellum
-motor coordination
-motor learning
-balance
brainstem
connects diencephalon, cerebellum and spinal chord
-composed of pons, midbrain and medulla oblongata
-contains respiratory, vasometer and heart control centers