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Chapter 10: Elections and Campaigns
Terms in this set (71)
Which of the following statements about the nomination proc
the United States is
Parties play a minor role compared to Europe
Until the early nineteenth century, parties chose their pre
The elections that produce the largest voter turnout are the
A major difference between presidential campaigns and
congressional campaigns is that
presidential races are generally more competitive.
Which of the following statements best summarizes the value of
presidential coattails to congressional candidates of the same party?
It is becoming much less significant today
The first goal of an in
dividual planning to run for office is t
get mentioned as a possible candidate
Ronald Reagan made a dozen speeches a day to audiences all over
the country while
working for General Electric.
Most "position papers" are rarely used, or not at all, but are still
a, b, and c. (they show important interest groups a candidate's positions, prepare candidates to answer tough questions, they allow journalists to look up a cand
Incumbents have run in _
___ of the last 12 presidential elections.
In 1980, Ronald Reagan chose ________ as a theme for his
In 2000, George Bush chose __________ as a theme for his
Since 1962, over ____ percent of House incumbents who sought
reelection won it.
calls for reapportionment
every ten years.
In 1911, Congress decided that the House had become large enough
and voted to fix its size at
All of the following states gained seats in the House after the 2000
Which state has benefited the most, by gaining the highest number of
seats in the House, after the last two census adjustments?
Most newly elected members of the House can expect an increase of
_________ percent more votes when they run for reelection.
8 to 10
ease in voter support that a member of the House receives in
his / her first bid for reelection is referred to as the
Which of the following statements is
Representatives must be 20 years of age.
Who said "all politics is local?"
Legislators who think of themselves as trustees are most likely to
do what they perceive is best.
One reason why the approach used by a candidate in a general
election may not work in a primary is tha
t a primary candidate must
play to the ideology of political activists.
To win the presidential nomination, as opposed to the general
election, candidates generally present themselves as
more liberal if Democrat, more conservative
In the 1980 presidential election, many voters voted for Ronald
Reagan over Jimmy Carter as a vote against C
arter, not out of loyalty
to Reagan. Such a vote is referred to as a(n)
A _________ issue is one in which the
rival candidates have
opposing views on a question that also divides the voters.
In the 2000 election, George W. Bush wanted to let people put
of their Social Security money into private savings accounts; Al Gore
opposed this. This is an example of a ________ issue.
A _________ issu
e is one in which a candidate fully supports the
public's view on a matter about which nearly everybody is in
An example of a ________
issue was when Jimmy Carter seemed
more likely to favor honesty in government than did his opponent in
_________ issues have increased in
importance in campaigns in
The kind of campaign activity
notably on the increase in recent
Which of the following statements about television spot ads in
general elections is
They have almost no effect, as far as can be determined.
Which of the following statements about the impact of television
advertising is probably
It is greater on primary elections than on general elections.
The drawback to c
andidates of television visuals and debates is
the risk of verbal slips.
with paid television advertising, television visuals such as
an appearance by a candidate on the nightly news are probably
One way for a candidate to avoid embarrassing slips of the tongue
during campaigning is to
rely on stock speeches.
One effect of candidates' fear of a slip during campaigning is that,
increasingly, candidates are
selling an image rather than their ideas.
ive effect of television is best illustrated by the 1992
An advantage of direct
s is that they
can be directed at specific subgroups of the populations.
Unlike congressional campaigns, presidential campaigns are funded
both private and public sources.
One effect of the way that federal matching funds are made available
to candidates for presidential campaigns is to
give candidates an incentive to raise money from small donors.
Funding of congressional elections comes from
private sources only.
A PAC must have ____ members.
Given what we know about "red"
counties and "blue" counties,
which of the following statements is
The Republicans dominate bigger cities
in the Midwest.
Which of the following statements concerning the 2004 election is
the vote drives probably helped Kerry more than
Bush generally won the votes of all of the following
rry generally won the votes of all of the following
people worried about moral values.
If there was a single, decisive issue
in the election, it was probably
concerns about terrorism and national security.
The Bipartisan Campaign Finance Reform Act of 200
2 raised the
individual limit on contributions to _________ per candidate per
History suggests _____ of the presidential vote will go to the
candidates of the two main parties.
In the 2000 election, Ralph Nader won ___ percent of the popular
The experience with 527 organizations in the 2004 elections
suggest campaign finance laws
are not likely to take money out of politics.
One advantage that incumbents a
lways have over challengers is
their use of free mailings, or franks.
Many scholars argue that the foremost factor in determining how
people vote is
Democrats could be predicted to win every election if the only factor
Which party tends to be more loyal to its candidate in presidential
Which party tends to do better in competing for the vote of self
Republicans do much better than Democrats.
described strong Republicans have voted in greater proportions
than strong Democrats in
every presidential race in the past thirty years
likely to switch parties between elections when
it serves their self-interest.
When a voter votes for the candidate whom he or she considers more
likely to do a better job in office, the voting is referred to as
When a voter votes based on how things have been going and which
party is in power, it is referred to as
According to the text, campaigns do make a difference because they
give voters a chance to see how candidates handle pressure.
Several factors have contributed to the emphasis on themes over
details in recent elections. One of these factors is the
desire of voters to discern candidate character.
Although campaigns in the United States have historically
emphasized broad themes over specific details
, what has emerged in
recent years is the
importance of primary elections.
The Democrats appear to have lost their once
strong hold on which
of the following groups?
a, b, and c.(Catholics, Southerners, Union members)
Union leaders, in making demands on Democratic leaders and
candidates, will usually emphasize
the large number of union voters.
The Republican party was clearly the dominant party in American
1896 to 1932.
The text argues that the U.S. c
onstitutional system was designed to
make the adoption of radical departures in policy
Great Britain's parliamentary system seems to produce at relatively
elections that effect major policy changes.
An election that brought about wide
on of social
assistance programs was that in
An election that brought about a significant reduction in taxes,
spending, and regulatory practices was that in
One study of some 1,400 promises made in political parties'
platforms between 1944 and 1964 found that some ________ percent
of them were kept.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Chapter 9: Political Parties
Chapter 11: Interest Groups
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