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Federal Government Ch 10
Terms in this set (30)
The translation of values and beliefs into a systematic way of assessing the political environment.
Liberty, Equality, Individualism, Rule of Law
Political scientist Samuel Huntington has identified 4 politically relevant values that are widely accepted in the American political culture and serve as the basis for defining political beliefs on which there is great consensus in America.
Fundraising under the guise of polling.
Features a psychological attachment to one to the mail political parties, generally the Democrats or Republicans.
This kind of poll is often used by local news organizations. Telecommunications equipment places a call, and automated voice systems ask the poll question.
Television and radio news/talk shows sometimes conduct polls during the course of a broadcast by offering 800 or 900 phone number for registered listeners to call and express their opinion on some topic.
A philosophical guide that people use to help translate their values and beliefs into political preferences.
A political orientation that generally favors government activism in defense of more traditional values on social issues but favors government restraint in economic redistribution.
The process y which an individual acquires values, beliefs, and opinions about politics.
An unscientific poll that gathers the opinions of people who are conveniently available in a gathering place, such as a shopping center.
Phone calls from members of political campaigns or PACs who present themselves as pollsters for the purpose of planting messages with voters rather than measuring public opinion.
The degree of strength or commitment the public feels about the opinion it holds.
A poll in which the sample of people interviewed is not representative of any group beyond those who register their opinion.
A randomly selected subgroup drawn from a population using probability theory.
Public opinion poll
A method of measuring the opinions of a large group of people by asking questions of a subset of the larger group and then generalizing the findings to the larger group.
The summation of individual opinions on any particular issue or topic.
A tendency for political preferences to remain generally stable over time.
A tendency toward a particular preference, usually (though not always) characterized as either positive or negative.
A probability technique for scientific telephone polling that randomly assigns the last four digits to known information about telephone area codes and exchanges.
The amount of error in a poll that results from interviewing a sample of people rather than the whole population under study. The larger the study the less the...
Agents of political socialization
Factors that have a significant impact on an individual's socialization to politics.
Values and beliefs
The broad principles underlying the American political culture that citizens support and adhere to.
A political orientation that favors a more assertive role in the redistribution of economic resources but emphasizes individual freedom on a range of social issues.
The attitudes people maintain regarding the performance of political leaders and institutions, their candidate preferences in elections, and specific policy issues.
The theory that impressions acquired while an individual is younger are likely to be more influential and longer lasting.
The intention of the call is to "push" or influence people to vote a particular way.
A poll question pops up as you enter your computers web browser with the question.
Have you ever been in a shopping mall when someone with a clipboard comes up to you? If so you've been solicited to participate in an...
Selling under the guise of polling.
Is achieved by giving each possible respondent in the population a known chance of being selected in the sample.
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