Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
GOVT 2305 Quiz 9 & 10 (Ch 4 & 5)
Terms in this set (59)
________ states have enacted legislation requiring voters to show positive identification at the polls.
The rights of disabled individuals to access public businesses is guaranteed by
the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990.
Women were guaranteed the right to vote with passage of the ________ Amendment in 1920.
Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act
was a valuable tool for the women's movement in the 1960s and 1970s because it prohibited gender discrimination.
President Harry S. Truman was moved to bring the problem of racial discrimination to the nation's attention by
revelations of Nazi racial atrocities during World War II.
What is redlining?
the practice of bank officials refusing to make loans to people living in certain neighborhoods.
Ten years after Brown v. Board of Education (1954), only ________ percent of black children in the Deep South attended school with white children.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964
ended some of the most blatant forms of discrimination across the country.
What does the term Jim Crow mean?
the system of racial segregation in the South after Reconstruction
Which of the following was used as way to limit the electoral influence of African Americans?
Which government institution would most likely handle a complaint about a case of workplace discrimination?
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
The Fifteenth Amendment to the Constitution guarantees
African American men the right to vote.
Strict scrutiny is the level of judicial review that federal judges give to all cases that involve ________ classifications.
The Thirteenth Amendment
Strict scrutiny refers to
a test used by the Supreme Court that places the burden of proof on the government rather than on the challengers to show that the law in question is constitutional.
In 1965, in the seven states of the Old Confederacy covered by the Voting Rights Acts (VRA), approximately ________ percent of the eligible black residents were registered to vote, compared with approximately ________ percent of the white residents.
After the Civil War, which amendments to the U.S. Constitution offered African Americans the most hope for achieving full citizenship rights?
the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth amendments
Approximately ________ individuals of Japanese descent were forcibly placed in interment camps during World War II.
Restrictive covenants were
contract clauses added by the seller of a home that required the buyer to agree never to sell the home to any non-Caucasian.
Under the "rational basis test,"
the burden of proof is on the plaintiff to show that there is no rational basis, whatsoever, for the government's rules.
During the late nineteenth century, the equal protection clause was
severely limited in scope by the Supreme Court.
Title IX of the 1972 Education Act has had its greatest effect on ________.
university athletic programs
The ruling in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
established the "separate but equal" rule.
Why did the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) rely primarily on the courts to press for black political rights in its early years?
The northern African American vote was too small to bring about policy change at the legislative level, so the NAACP chose a strategy of litigation.
What level of scrutiny do federal judges apply to cases involving gender discrimination?
Which of the following cities had a major racial confrontation concerning school busing in the 1970s?
The Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, and Eighth amendments are largely about
protections for those accused of committing crimes.
The Bill of Rights
includes the first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution.
The Eighth Amendment prohibits
cruel and unusual punishment.
The so-called wall of separation between church and state is best found in which clause of the Constitution?
Conflicts over whether public schools should be allowed to assign readings from the Bible and lead nondenominational prayers are examples of disagreements over the
meaning of the establishment clause.
The words under God were added to the Pledge of Allegiance
in the midst of the Cold War, as a response to the "godless communism" of the Soviet Union.
The process by which the Supreme Court has expanded specific parts of the Bill of Rights to protect citizens against state and federal actions is called ________.
West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette (1943) was significant because it
endorsed the free exercise of religion even when it was offensive to the beliefs of the majority.
The constitutional basis for the nationalization of the Bill of Rights is the ________ Amendment.
What did the Supreme Court decide in Kelo v. City of New London (2005)?
A city can seize land from private owners and transfer it to another private owner as part as a redevelopment program.
The Lemon test involves what part of the Constitution?
the establishment clause
Warrants issued when the police know that incriminating material is not yet present but have reason to believe that it will eventually arrive at a particular premises are called ________ warrants.
Which of the following statements best summarizes the federal courts' rulings on internet content?
The courts have declared that service providers are immune from suits regarding the content of material posted by others.
The requirement that a person under arrest be informed of his or her right to remain silent is known as the ________ rule.
McDonald v. Chicago (2010) was significant because it
applied the Second Amendment to state governments.
The ________ rule forbids the introduction in trial of any piece of evidence that has been obtained illegally.
Freedom of speech and of the press have a special place in the American system because
free and open debate is an essential mechanism for determining the quality and validity of competing ideas.
"Due process of law" is generally defined by the ________ amendments.
Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, and Eighth
The Fourth Amendment protects citizens against ________.
unreasonable searches and seizures
In West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette (1943), the Supreme Court ruled that
children cannot be required to salute the flag if it violates their religious faith.
What is the standard for determining guilt in criminal cases?
Guilt must be proven "beyonds a reasonable doubt."
________ prevents people from being tried twice for the same crime.
Which of the following forms of speech receives the greatest level of First Amendment protection?
Political speech that stops short of inciting violence
The text of the Fourteenth Amendment says
"nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws."
The right to remain silent is guaranteed by the ________ Amendment.
The Alien and Sedition Acts were laws
passed in the 1790s that made it a crime to say or publish anything that would defame the government of the United States.
The ________ Amendment is the only amendment in the Bill of Rights that explicitly addresses itself to the national government.
What was Justice Potter Stewart talking about when he declared "I know it when I see it."
The Second Amendment to the U.S. Constitution deals with ________.
the right to bear arms
The Fourteenth Amendment
forced state governments to abide by all of the provisions in the Bill of Rights.
Habeas corpus refers to
a court order demanding that an individual in custody be brought into court and shown the cause for detention.
The Supreme Court ruled that the Communications Decency Act was unconstitutional because the act
attempted to protect children by suppressing speech that adults have a constitutional right to receive.
________ are areas of personal freedom with which governments are constrained from interfering.
Students also viewed
Chapter 5: Civil Rights
Chap. 5 Quiz
government final quiz 2
Sets found in the same folder
govt quiz 2
POS Chapter 9 Post Test
American Gov Chapter 12
Other sets by this creator
GEOL 1403 - Dynamic Study Module - Divergent Bound…
GEOL 1403 - Dynamic Study Modules - Convergent Bou…
GEOL 1403 - Dynamic Study Modules - Mass Wasting (…
GEOL 1403 - Dynamic Study Modules - Crus…
Recommended textbook solutions
Politics in States and Communities
Susan A. MacManus, Thomas R. Dye
Politics in States and Communities
Susan A. MacManus, Thomas R. Dye
Michael D. Reisig, Todd R. Clear
Other Quizlet sets
Dex Onboarding Day 3