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Chapter 7 Memory
Terms in this set (22)
The persistence of learning over time through the encoding, storage, and retrieval of information
Getting information into memory system
Retaining encoded information over time
Getting information out of memory storage
The activation, often unconsciously, of particular associations in memory
What are the two basic functions of working memory?
Active processing of incoming visual and auditory inforation, and foucusing our spotlight of attention
Frontal lobes and hippocampus
Explicit memory formation
Cerebellum and basal ganglia
Impact memory formation
Emotion related memory formation
Which parts of the brain are important for implicit memory processing, and which parts play a key role in explict memory processing?
The Cerebellum and basal ganglia are important for implicit memory processing. The frontal lobes and hippocampus are key to explicit memory formation.
Memory of facts and personal events you consciously retrieve
Retaining learned skills, or classically conditioned assocations, without conscious awareness
Memory demonstrated by retrieving information learned earlier, as on a fill-in-the-blank test
Memory demonstrated by Identifying items previously learned, as on multiple-choice test
Memory demonstrated by time saved when learning material a second time
associated with reasoning, planning, parts of speech, movement, emotions, and problem solving
a set of subcortical structures that directs intentional movements
A limbic system structure involved in memory and emotion, particularly fear and aggression.
A large structure of the hindbrain that controls fine motor skills.
A neural center located in the limbic system that helps process explicit memories for storage.
When we are tested immediately after viewing a list of words, we tend to recall the first and last items best, which is known as the _______________ effect.
If you want to remember what you're learning for an upcoming test, would it be better to use recall or reccognition to check your memory? why?
It would be better to test your memory with recall, rather than recognizing it. So if you can recall it, that means your retention of the material is better than if you recognize it.
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The aging brain may help nurture positive feelings that are reported by many older adults. Brain scans of older adults show that the ____, a neural processing center for emotions, responds less actively to negative events (but not to positive events), and it interacts less with the hippocampus, a brain memory-processing center. a. amygdala, b. hypothalamus, c. pineal gland, d. thyroid gland, e. thalamus.
Charles and his wife are at a loud baseball game, yet are able to have a conversation with each other in spite of all the noise around them. Which principle best explains this scenario? a. Bottom-up processing. b. Weber's law. c. The cocktail party effect. d. Top-down processing e. Sensory adaptation.
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