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25 terms

6th Grade Computer Basics

6th Grade Terms
STUDY
PLAY
input
raw information, or data, that is entered into a computer
Input Device
The hardware that is used to pass information into the computer.
output
the result of a computer's processing, displayed on-screen, printed on paper, or heard through a speaker
Output Device
The hardware that receives and displays information coming from the computer.
Software
The programs or instructions that tell the computer what to do.
Processing
A task a computer carries out with data
ROM
The permanent memory that is built in your computer. This is read only. Read Only Memory
RAM
The computer's working memory, sometimes called random-accessed memory. Random access memory
Hard Disk
A fixed, large-capacity magnetic storage medium for computer data.
Icon
A small picture or symbol representing a computer hardware function or component.
Storage
devices, such as hard drives and CD-ROMS, that permanently hold data and program instructions for a computer to use
Hardware
physical parts of a computer
Central processing unit (CPU)
The brain of the computer or central processing unit.
Peripheral
separate input, output, and storage hardware
Operating System
a system that allows hardware devices to communicate with one another, run efficiently, and support software programs
USB
Universal Serial Bus Port : connection port
Kilo
K, KB 1,024 bytes
Mega
M, MB, Meg 1,048,576 bytes (Million)
Giga
G, GB, Giga 1,073,741,824 bytes (Billion)
Tera
T, TB, Tera 1,099,511,628,000 bytes (Trillion)
8 bits =
1 byte
1000 bytes =
1 kilobyte
1000 kilobytes =
1 megabyte
1000 gigabytes =
1 terabyte
4 functions of a Computer
Memory, Processing, Input, and Output.