29 terms

parkin short story elements

STUDY
PLAY
theme
Central idea(s) in a piece of literature. Author's message.
style
Way or method the author uses to tell the story. Many author's have a certain ________.
genre
Distinctive type of literary writing. Some novels are fiction, non-fiction, mystery, romance.
plot
The sequence of events that take place; how the story unfolds; what happens in the story.
exposition (introduction)
The story's beginning where characters, setting, mood, and point of view are extablished; "plunges the reader into the story"
characters
The people in the story are called _____.
protagonist
The main character--often the "good guy."
antagonist
The person or thing against the main character.
characterization
The author uses what people say about them, what the characters say, themselves, and what the narrator says to depict a character.
setting
The place AND time of the story, determined by styles of clothing, technology, historical occurences, customs, manner or speaking, and more.
mood (tone)
The feeling the AUTHOR CREATES for the reader during the exposition.
point of view
The way in which the story is told; who is telling it. it includes various types of narrators.
first person
The author uses "i" or "we" to create what kind of narrator?
third person
The author uses "he" or "she" or "it" to create what kind of narrator?
omniscient
The all-knowing narrator who reveals the thought of several characters.
limited narrator
The author tells the thoughts of one character.
rising action
The events that lead to the climax of the story, including the conflicts that evolve and where the author builds suspense; 90% of the story
conflict
The (part of the rising action) where the problems that occur between two characters or opposing forces
internal
When the conflict is vs. himself/herself.
external
When the conflict is vs. an outside force.
man vs man
When the conflict is between TWO CHARACTERS; external.
man vs nature
A specific type of conflict when the conflict is between a character and a force of (___), like snow or rain or wind; external.
man vs supernatural
A specific type of conflict when the conflict is between a character a a force larger than life, such as a god; external.
man vs society
A specific type of conflict when the conflict is between a character and a whole town/county; external.
man vs technology
A specific type of conflict when the conflict is between a character and something like a computer, TV; external.
man vs self
A specific type of conflict when the conflict is between a character and their inner thoughts; the only internal.
climax
The point of highest suspense in the story where the major conflict reaches a peak; problem usually resolved.
falling action
The few events that happen at the end of the story; 10% of the story.
denouement (final resolution)
Where the author's story resolves a final conflict.