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common noun

refers to any person, place, thing, or idea - not capitalized
ex. boy, house, water

proper noun

refers to specific persons, places, things or ideas - capitalized
Ex. Mrs. Parkin, Hershey Park

abstract noun

a quality or feeling
ex. bravery, curiousity, passion
POS - depends on how you use it

collective noun

a group of people, places, ideas
ex. a dozen eggs, bed of oysters, caravan of camels

demonstrative pronoun

points out a specific peson, place, or thing
ex. this - singular(close by)
that - singular (far away)
these - plural (close by)
those - plural (close by)

forms of "to be"

they are VERBS!!
am, is, are, was , were, be, being, been


NOT a part of speecj - but is a verb + to
ex. to run, to play, to drink

split infinitives

Happens when a word comes between"to" and the verb
ex. to quickly finish - should be to finish quickly


a, an, the

they function as adjectives!!

prepositional phrase

begins with a prep and ends with a noun

you can never end a sentence with a prep

Ex. He parked behind the truck.

preps 1-10

about, above, across, after, against, along, amid, among, around, at

preps 11-20

behnd, below, beneath, beside, besides, between, beyond, but, by

preps 21-30

concerning, despite, down, during, for from, in, inside, into

preps 31-40

like, near, of, off, on, onto, opposite, out, outside, over

preps 41-50

past, since, through, throughout, till, to, toward, under, underneath, until

preps 51-55

up, upon, with, within, without

compound preps

according to, ahead of, apart from, aside from, as of, because of, by means of, in addition to, in back of, in front of, in place of, in regard to, in spite of, instead of, in view of, next to, on account of, out of, owing to, prior to

coordinating conjunctions

for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so

subordinating conjunctions

although, unless, because, even though since, wherever, once, whenever

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