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MindTap Chapter 13 Final Test
Terms in this set (25)
The autonomic nervous system can be described as being self-governing, automatic, or ___________________
The words that BEST illustrate the action of the sympathetic nervous system are fright, fight, and _________ .
Drugs that mimic the action of the sympathetic nervous system are called sympathomimetic or _______________ .
Adrenergics can be administered intravenously, subcutaneously, or _____________________ .
The MOST commonly used adrenergic blockers are known as alpha- and _______________ -blockers.
Drugs that mimic the action of the parasympathetic nervous system are commonly known as __________________ .
Drugs that block the action of the parasympathetic nervous system are known as ________________________ .
The parasympathetic nerve fibers synthesize and liberate ____________________________ as a mediator.
Only ____________________ , a cholinergic blocker, acts as a bronchodilator and reduces the incidence of laryngospasm that can occur during general anesthesia.
Chemical substances called ___________________ are released at nerve endings to transmit nerve impulses.
A health care practitioner is administering adrenergic blockers. She knows that this will block what type of response?
a. Sympathetic response
b. Autonomic response
c. Parasympatholytic response
d. Cholinergic response
At a health fair, a nurse explains to students the difference between the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system. What could the nurse say about the sympathetic nervous system response?
a. It speeds up the responses in the body.
b. It dilates the peripheral blood vessels.
c. It slows responses in the body.
d. It prevents a cholinergic response
An adrenergic medication is ordered for a client. The provider has ordered epinephrine subcutaneously. What can the health care provider tell the client to expect after taking this?
a. Low blood pressure
b. Racing of heart
d. Low blood sugar and hunger
A client is using a sympathomimetic. The health care provider knows that this medication should be used with caution when the client has which of the following?
b. Sulfa allergy
c. Open angle glaucoma
A client has been prescribed a cholinergic drug. How can the health care provider describe the action of a cholinergic drug such as bethanechol?
a. Slows the heart rate
b. Lowers GI peristalsis
c. Decreases contraction of the urinary bladder
d. Increases intraocular pressure
An older adult client is being treated for benign prostatic hypertrophy and is prescribed the cholinergic doxazosin. The health care practitioner knows this medication has what effect?
a. It stimulates the bladder neck.
b. It acts as an alpha blocker.
c. It acts as an adrenergic receptor agonist.
d. It stimulates the binding of the neurotransmitter norepinephrine.
The term parasympathetic is synonymous with which of the following?
d. Cholinergic blocker
What BEST describes the action of propranolol (Inderal)?
a. Blocks the beta receptors
b. Works on the central nervous system
c. Stimulates the alpha receptors
d. Stimulates the beta receptors
A client is being treated in the emergency department for bradycardia secondary to a Lyme disease infection. The client has a sudden decrease in his heart rate and requires medication to speed it up. What medication will have this action?
b. Atropine sulfate
The student is reviewing her anatomy and physiology materials on the autonomic nervous system. She knows that the sympathetic and the parasympathetic nervous systems act on the same organs but produce opposite effects. What is the parasympathetic response to the gastrointestinal tract?
a. Decreases gastric contractions
b. Decreases salivation
c. Slows down peristalsis
d. Speeds up peristalsis
The body has specific receptors that respond to stimulation of chemicals called neurotransmitters. What are these receptors called?
a. Alpha- and gamma-receptors
b. Alpha- and beta-receptors
c. Beta- and gamma-receptors
d. Alpha- and omega-receptors
In reviewing a medication that has an adrenergic beta-2 response, the health care practitioner knows it will have which effect on the bronchioles?
a. Has no effect on the respiratory system
b. Increases respiratory secretions
c. Dilates the bronchioles
d. Constricts the bronchioles
In providing discharge instructions to a client with hypertension, the health care practitioner instructs him not to use over-the-counter cold medicines and diet pills, because they may have adrenergic properties. What is one of these properties?
a. Low blood sugar
b. Decreased blood pressure
c. Decreased heart rate
d. Increased blood pressure
A client is given Urecholine for postoperative urinary retention. The client has also been taking pilocarpine ophthalmic for glaucoma. What does the health care practitioner instruct the client to report?
a. Elevated blood pressure or decreased blood sugar
b. Increased respiratory rate, hypertension, or diarrhea
c. Gastric pain, cramping, diarrhea, increased salivation, bradycardia, or orthostatic hypotension
d. Dry mouth, constipation, or bowel obstruction
A client is taking an over-the-counter nasal decongestant. The nurse tells the client that an overdose might lead to which of the following?
a. Increased salivation
b. Rebound congestion
c. A runny nose
d. All of these
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