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Greek Wine (Intro)
Terms in this set (52)
Thrace, Macedonia, Epirus, Thessaly, Sterea Ellada, Ionian Islands, Peloponnese, Aegean Islands, Crete
Name the nine major regions of Greece, from North to South
What is the major red varietal of Macedonia?
What does Xinomavro mean in English?
What is the major white varietal of Macedonia?
What is the major red varietal of the Peloponnese?
What is the major white varietal of the Peloponnese?
What does Moschofilero mean in English?
What region is Santorini located in?
What is the most famous white varietal of Santorini?
Where is the most likely place would I find a wine made with the Mavrotragano grape?
Literally, "working the night away". Its name comes from the tradition of harvesting grapes very early in the morning, and pressing them on the same day (often taking a long time, into the night). Today, 'Nychteri' stands for a wine made from overripe grapes with a minimum alcohol content of 13.5% and at least three months of oak maturation. The wine is often fermented and matured in oak barrels, yielding oxidative notes otherwise not found in "standard" assyrtikos
What does "Nychteri" mean on the island of Santorini?
Assyrtiko, Athiri, and Aidani
What are the varietals in the traditional white blend of Santorini?
Stavroto and Krasato
In Thesaslia's Rapsani PDO, what are the two varietals traditionally blended with Xinomavro?
Naoussa, Goumenissa, and Amyndeon
What are the 3 major PDO's for Xinomavro in Macedonia?
What grape is Xinomavro often blended with in the Goumenissa PDO?
What does Ktima mean?
Protected Designation of Origin - essentially, the historical winemaking and winegrowing regions of Greece. A legally defined region with specified varietal blends, growing altitudes, sugar limits, and other restrictions.
What is a PDO?
What is the main grape of the Naoussa PDO?
What is the grape of the Nemea PDO?
What is the main grape of the Mantinia PDO?
A sweet, fortified red produced from Mavrodaphne and Mavri Korinthiaki, a currant grape useful for enriching the sugar content of the wine. Mavrodaphne of Patras is aged for at least one year in wood prior to release, but the wine may sometimes slumber in cask for a decade or more prior to bottling. Both vintage and non-vintage versions may be encountered.
What kind of wine is produced in PDO Mavrodaphne of Patras?
Xinomavro, Krasato, Stavroto
What are the allowed grapes of the Rapsani PDO?
What is the most mountainous region of Greece?
Liatiko and mandilaria
What are the allowed red grapes of the Sitia PDO?
What does Pyrgos mean?
An aromitized wine flavored with Aleppo pine resin, made from Savvatiano and Roditis grapes. During alcoholic fermentation, the resin is added to the wine and then the substance remains in the tank for as long as the producer feels is necessary. Longer resin-exposure yields more intense fragrances.
What is Retsina?
A traditional dessert wine made from a blend of min. 51% Assyrtiko, along with Aidani, and other grapes from the island that are baked in the sun prior to being pressed. Must spend 2 years in oak prior to release. Not to be confused with Tuscan Vin Santo, another type of dessert wine. This is the Vinsanto(rini).
What is Vinsanto and where is it from?
At least 300 identified, with possibly more yet undiscovered.
How many native varietals does Greece have?
Amyndeon PDO, Macedonia
What is Greece's coldest winegrowing region?
Vines are cultivated in low basket shaped crowns, close to the ground for protection from strong winds.
What is the kouloura method of vine training?
Vilana and Thrapsathiri
What are the allowed white varietals in the Sitia PDO?
What is the southern-most region to grow Xinomavro?
Evangelos Gerovassiliou of Ktima Gerovassiliou
What is the name of the winemaker who saved the Malagousia grape from extinction?
A large volcanic eruption approx. 3600 years ago
How was the island of Santorini created?
A complex volcanic soil dominated by schist, limestone, lava, an dferrous rocks. Pumice is found everywhere, but water and organic matter are lacking. The soils have a sandy texture, and are part of the reason the local vineyards remained unaffected by phylloxera?
What is the soil type of Santorini?
Extremely dry ( <400mm of rain per year)
What is the climate of Santorini like?
At least 4000 years old, dating back to the Minoan civilization. The oldest wine-press in the world (around 3500 years old) was discovered in the Archanes PDO, just to the south of Heraklion.
How old is the culture of winemaking on Crete?
Dafnes, Archanes, Peza, Sitia
What are the four major PDO's of Crete (not including sweet wine PDO's), from West to East?
Very warm Mediterranean climate
What is the climate of Crete like?
Most are concentrated on the Northern half of the island. The vines are protected from the warm winds that blow from the mediterannean coast. Also, the cool Agean winds blow across the northern coast, keeping vines cool as can be.
Where are the majority of Crete's vineyards located on the island? Why?
What is the only PDO in the region of Epirus?
Sparkling & still white wines, made from Debina
What kind of wine is made in PDO Zitsa? From what grape?
What is the name of of the mountain range in Epirus?
Liatiko is also known as Louliatiko. The name is derived from "loulios" - the word for July in Greek. This name comes from the fact that these grapes ripen fairly early, in July.
What is the etymology of the varietal Liatiko? How does it relate to the harvesting process?
PDO Dafnes (west side of Crete)
PDO Sitia (East side of Crete)
What PDO's cultivate Liatiko grapes?
Xinomavro from Amyndeon is often lighter, less tannic, and more floral in character than Xinomavro from Naoussa
What is the difference between Xinomavro from Amyndeon and Xinomavro from Naoussa?
At least 3500 years old
How old are the oldest rootstocks in Santorini theorized to be?
What is the only Greek PDO that allows blending of white and red varietals?
PDO Amyndeon, Xinomavro
What was the first PDO of Greece to produce sparkling rose? Using what varietal?
Amyndeon, Naoussa, Goumenissa
Name the three PDO's for Xinomavro production in Macedonia from West to East.
Which is further North in the Peloponnese, Mantinia or Nemea?
A crescent moon, caused by the volcanic eruption in 1700BC that created a massive crater.
What is the shape of the island of Santorini?
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