unit 29 - issa
Terms in this set (6)
a tightening of the airways of the lungs that results from either undue inflammation of the lining of the airways or specific triggering factors
how many Americans are afflicted with some form of asthma
25 million Americans
explain what happens during an asthma attack
the bronchioles narrow because the muscles surrounding them have gone into spasm.
on turn this narrowing aka bronchospasm restricts the level of airflow to the alveoli. when bronchospasm occurs individuals experience the symptoms of an asthmatic attack to varying degrees.
takes 30-60 mins to resolve.
other than drugs list some specific steps to alleviate asthma
•use a peak flow meter a relatively inexpensive device l, this apparatus measures how fast air can be expelled from lungs.
A precipitous drop(more than 10%) maybe the signal of an increased level of airflow
•Adhere to the recommended dosage of medicine. excessive medication can produce unwanted side effects (i.e rapid heart rate, dizziness etc)
drink water after you use your inhaler to clear the back of your throat if medicine
a condition in which you suddenly start to breathe very quickly
list and explain the guidelines which have been i.d to minimize potential exercise hazards and maximize exercise benefits for asthmatics clients
•select an exercise
i.e swimming that raises the heart rate , increases respiratory rate and is relatively easy on lungs
•avoid asthma triggers aa much as possible
•perform specific breathing exercises to strengthen the lungs
•medicate prior to exercising (30 mins before engaging in activity)
•have your client keep her/his inhaler close bu during exercise
•perform warm-up ( under control) exercises prior to working out
•avoid very intense exercise for prolonged periods of time
•control breathing rate to prevent hyperventilation.
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