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212 terms

Med Term 9

STUDY
PLAY
anatome
Greek word for cutting apart
anatomy
study of naming body structures
dors/o
combining form for near or on the back
ventr/o
combining form for near or on the belly side of the body
anterior (ant)
toward the front or in front of
posterior (post)
following or located behind
cephalic
upward, toward the head
caudal (caudad)
downward, toward the tail
medial
toward the midline
lateral
toward the side, away from the midline
superior
above
inferior
below
proximal
near the point of origin
distal
away from the point of origin
saggital
vertical, anteroposterior direction or plane dividing into left and right
coronal
resembling a crown or encircling
anterolateral
front and side
anteromedial
front and middle
anterosuperior
front and top
posterolateral
back and side
posteroexternal
back and outside of the body
posterointernal
back and inside the body
anteroposterior
front and back (from front to back) (1)
ventrodorsal
front and back (from front to back) (2)
dorsocephalad
toward the back of the head
ventrad
toward the front (2)
mediolateral
middle and side
superolateral
above and to the side
cephalocaudal
head to tail
midsagittal plane
a cut made at the midline to divide the body into equal right and left halves
axillary
region commonly known as the armpit
midaxillary
fifth intercostal space in line with the middle of the armpit
sagittalis
arrowlike in Latin
corona dentis
crown
coronal
Greek word for crown or circle
coronary arteries
arteries encircling the <3
coronary veins
veins encircling the <3
umbilicus
Latin synonym for navel
omphalitis
inflammation of the umbilicus
omphal/o
combining form for navel
omphalic
pertaining to the navel
omphalectomy
excision of the umbilicus
omphalocele
herniation of the navel (1)
umbilicocele
herniation of the navel (2)
omphalorrhagia
umbilical hemorrhage
omphalorrhea
discharge flowing from the navel
omphalorrhexis
rupture of the navel
cephalocaudal
human development in a head-to-body (tail) direction
gnosia (gnosis)
Greek word for knowledge
pro-
prefix meaning in front of
prognosis
foreknowledge or predicting the outcome of a disease
procephalic
in front of the head
prognostic
giving an indication concerning the outcome of a disease
dia-
through or throughout
diagnosis
knowing through (identification of a disease)
diagnostic
adj form of diagnosis
diagnose
verb form of diagnosis
sign
observable, objective info about the patient
symptoms
subjective, feelings and info that may not be observable
diarrhea
flowing through
dialysis
separation of substances in a solution; process of destroying waste products in the blood by diffusion through the membrane
hemodialysis
removes waste from the blood by using an artificial kidney machine
diascope
skin is looked at through this instrument to see superfical serface lesions and other things
aer/o
combining form for air
aerophobia
abnormal fear of air
aerotherapy
treatment w/ air
aerocele
herniation containing air
bios
Greek word for life
biochemistry
study of chemical changes in living things
biology
study of living things
biologist
one who studies living things/life
biogenesis
the formation of living things
bic
suffix for life
aerobic
needing air (oxygen) to live
anaerobic
not needing air (oxygen) to live
biopsy
excision of tissue for examination of living or life
chroma and chrome
2 English words for color
chromoblast
an embryonic color (pigment) cell
chromocyte
any colored cell
chromolysis
destruction of color (in cell)
chromogenesis
formation of pigment (color)
chromometer
instrument of measuring amount of color in a substance
chromophilic
attracts stain easily
chromophobic
will not stain at all, will not attract color
achromophilic
does not attract stain easily
dys-
prefix meaning abnormal, bad, painful, or difficult
eu-
prefix meaning well or easy; good
eupepsia
good digestion
eupeptic
adj for good digestion
eupnea
easy or normal breathing
dyspepsia
bad digestion
dyspeptic
adj for bad digestion
dyspnea
difficulty breathing
eukinesia
normal movement
euesthesia
good feeling or sensation
euphoria
a feeling of great elation
dyskinesia
difficult movement
dysesthesia
difficult or painful sensation
dysphoria
sense of great unhappiness or dissatisfaction
-tocia
suffix meaning labor
dystocia
difficult labor
eutocia
easy or normal labor and childbirth
thanatos
Greek word meaning death
than
word root for death
euthanasia
easy or peaceful death
gen
form or produce
-ic
adj ending
bioethics
deals w/ decisions about life and medical treatments that concern right and wrong as seen by both society and individuals
dysentery
painful or difficult condition of the small intestine
col/o
combining form for the large intestine
enter/o
combining form for the small intestine
men/o
combining form for month
mensis
Latin word for month
menses
another word for menstruation
menarche
refers to a female's first menstrual period
menorrhea
flow of menses
dysmenorrhea
painful (bad or difficult) menstrual flow
menopause
permanent cessation of menstruation or menses
menorrhagia
excessive menstruation or menstrual hemorrhage
amenorrhea
absence (without) menstrual flow
menostasis
stopping menstrual flow
-stasis
suffix that means the act or condition of stopping or controlling
hemostasis
act of controlling blood flow
phlebostasis (venostasis)
control of blood flow in veins
arteriostasis
control of flow in arteries
lymphostasis
control of lymph flow
hemostat
an instrument used in surgery to control blood flow by clamping off an artery or vein
homeostasis
balance of body functions (staying the same)
syphilis
an STD that attacks many parts of the body and is caused by a small bacterium called a spirochete
syphil/o
combining form for syphilis
syphilopsychosis
mental condition caused by syphilis
syphilophobia
fear of contracting syphilis
syphilotherapy
therapy for syphilis
syphiloma
a syphilitic tumor
syphilopathy
any syphilitic disease
-cyesis
Greek word (kyesis) meaning pregnancy
pseudo-
false
pseudocyesis (pseudopregnancy)
false pregnancy
pseudoscience
false science
pseudomania
a psychosis in which patients have a false or pretended mental disorder
pseudoparalysis
false paralysis (paralysis not due to nerve damage)
pseudocyst
false cyst
pseudoedema
false edema
pseudoesthesia
false or imaginary sensation
pseudohypertrophy
false hypertrophy
pseudotuberculosis
false TB
pseudoneuroma
false nerve tumor
viscera
plural form of viscus
viscer/ad
toward the viscera
viscerogenic
development of organs
viscer/o
combining form for organs
viscous
having a high viscosity or stickiness
visceromotor
relating to or controlling movement in the internal organs
visceroptosis
prolapse of organs
peritoneum
membrane that lines the abdominal cavity
visceralgia
pain in organs
visceral
pertaining to organs
viscerosensory
sensory function of organs
visceroskeletal
pertaining to organs and the skeleton
viscerogenic
pertaining to the development of organs
ecto-
Latin prefix for outer-outside
endo-
prefix meaning inner-inside
meso-
prefix meaning middle
retro-
prefix meaning backward-behind
para-
prefix meaning near
blastoderm
an embryonic disk of cells that gives rise to the 3 main layers of tissues in humans
ectoderm
outer germ layer; forms the skin, the nervous system arises from this layer, sense organs and some glands also
endoderm
inner germ layer; forms organs inside the body (stomach and small intestine)
mesoderm
middle germ layer; forms organs between endoderm and ectoderm
exo-
Greek prefix for outside
endogenous
something produced w/in an organism
ectogenous (exogenous)
something produced outside an organism
polyuria
excessive urination
polydipsia
excessive thirst
polyphagia
excessive hunger
ectocytic
adj meaning outside a cell
endocystic
inside the bladder
proto-
prefix meaning first
protoplasm
substance of life
ectoplasm
protoplasm that forms the outer membrane of a cell
endoplasm (cytoplasm)
protoplasm w/in the cell
endochondral
adj meaning within cartilage
endocranial
adj meaning w/in the cranium
endoenteritis
inflammation of the lining of the small intestine
endocardial (endocardiac)
adj pertaining to the lining of the heart
endocolitis
inflammation of the lining of the colon
endoscope
instrument used to look into a hollow organ or cavity of the body; as in viewing the stomach
endoscopy
process of viewing the stomach through an instrument
gastroscopy
process of viewing the stomach through an instrument (2)
endarterectomy
removal of a substance (usually an atheroma) from the inside of an artery
top/o
combining form for place
mesentery
peritoneum attaching intestine to the abdominal wall
mesocolon
peritoneum attaching large intestine to the abdominal wall
mesodontic
pertaining to the middle-sized teeth
retro-
prefix meaning behind
retrocolic
behind the colon
retromammary
behind the breast
retrosternal
behind the sternum
retroversion
turning backward
anteversion
turning forward
retroperitoneum
the space behind the peritoneum
retroperitonitis
inflammation of the space behind the peritoneum
flexion
bending or shortening of a body part (usually a joint)
ante-
prefix for front or forward
anteflexion
bending forward
retroflexion
bending backward
paracentral
near the center or around the center
paraappendicitis
inflammation around the appendix
paracystitis
inflammation around (near) the bladder
paracolpitis
inflammation of tissues around (near) the vagina
parahepatitis
near the liver
paranephritis
near the kidney