US Hist - Pre-Unit: Geography, Migration & Historical Thinking

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Migrate
Definition: To leave your home and establish a new life in a new place, involving a large number of people.

Natural climate change forced Paleo-Indians to ________________ from Bering Land Bridge to N. America roughly 10,000 - 20,000 years ago.
Environment
Definition: All of the physical surroundings in a place, including the geographic features and climate.

The ______________________ of the Great Basin includes dry, hot deserts, and steep, narrow canyons.
Cultural Region
Definition: An area in which people share similar customs, language, and beliefs.

Historians consider the Pacific Northwest a Native American ______________________ ____________________ because the indigenous inhabitants shared similar dwelling, language and art.
Push/Pull Factors
Definition: Things that influence a person or group to leave an area and move to a new area.

The _____________ / ______________ _________________, which help us understand why Paleo Indians were driven from the Bering Land Bridge (Beringia) and moved southeast, include rising ocean levels, and the milder climate in N. America.
Natural Resources
Definition: Things that are found in nature which can be useful, such as water, vegetation, animals and minerals.

Mississippians used the _____________________ __________________ of the Mississippi, including it's currents to establish trade along the river, and it's fertile soil to plant crops.
Culture
Definition: A people's way of life, including beliefs, customs, food, dwellings, and clothing.

The ________________ of the Mississippian's included religious customs that revolved around the worship of the sun.
Beringia
Definition: A natural land bridge that existed during the last ice age, connecting the continents of Asia and N. America.

Roughly 30,000 years ago, lower sea levels exposed a land-bridge known as ______________________.
Hunter-Gatherer
Definition: Nomadic people who live mostly by hunting, fishing, and harvesting (collecting) wild food.

Early Native Americans, described as ________________ ____________________, arrived in North America following herds of animals and other natural resources.
Cahokia
Definition: The culture center and largest city of the Mississippian's.

______________________ was a major trade, spiritual and cultural center for the Mississippians.
Mesa-People
Definition: A dominant group of Native Americans in the Southwest who built raised dwellings from clay.

The ______________________, like the Anasazi, utilized the natural shade of steep desert canyons of the southwest, to build dwellings knows as pueblos.
Mississippians
Definition: A dominant group of Native Americans in the southeast, who constructed large mounds of raised earth to signify important cultural locations within their settlements.

The ______________________ utilized the major rivers of the Ohio Valley down to the Gulf of Mexico, and as far west as modern day Texas, to establish societies revolving around agriculture.
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