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AP Human Geography Ch. 6 (Rubenstein) Religion- Better Version
Terms in this set (46)
-over 2 bil. adherents
-Major branches: Catholic, Protestant, and Eastern Orthodox
-Smaller branches: Coptic church of Egypt, Ethiopian church, Maronites, and Mormons
-Diffusion: expansion, relocation, hierarchial, and contagious
-Beliefs: endows with holiness cities and other places associated with founder's life, not going to church is frowned upon, only believe in one God
-Calenders: Protestant and Roman Catholic-Gregorian, Eastern Orthodox- Julian
-Diffused: West towards Europe, began to diffuse from Palestine through Europe during the time of Roman Empire and continued after the collapse of the Empire
-1.3 bil adherents
-Branches: Sunni and Shiite
-Muslims- trace their religion through Abraham's 2nd wife, Hagar, and their son, Issac
-Identifying shrines with cities associated with the life of Muhammad
-Muslim armies conquered much of India, North Africa, and a part of Western Europe
-Hearth: Saudi Arabia
-Diffused: West towards Northern Africa and East towards Southwestern Europe
-400 mil. adherents
-Mainly found in China, Southeast Asia/ Asoka (emperor of Magadha empire): most responsible for the spread of Buddhism
-Have the Four Noble Truths (1. all living things should endure suffering; 2. suffering leads to reincarnation; 3. the goal is to attain Nirvana through mental and mortal self-purification; 4. Nirvana is attained through and Eightfold Path (includes rightness of belief, resolve, speech, action, livelihood, effort, thought, and meditation) )
-Branches: Mahayana, Theravada, Tantrayana
-Founder: Siddhartha Gautama, went on 4 trips (saw a decrepit old man, disease-ridden man, corpse, monk-taught him to withdrawal from the world), he also lived in the forest for 6 years thinking and experimenting with meditation, he spent 45 years preaching throughout India, trained monks
-Shrines: 8 holy places, locations of important events in Buddha's life
-Calendar: Gregorian Calendar
-Diffused: East towards East and Southeast Asia, slowly from core in NE India, not well established in China until 800 years after Buddha's death
-25 mil. adherents
-1st guru: Nanak
-Believe in God
-8 mil adherents
-grew out of the Baha'i faith
-Founded: in Shiraz, Iran- 1844 by Muhammad
-97% live in India
-up to the individual to decided the best way to worship God
-Pilgrimage: thirtha- act of purification
-Shrines: importance is established by tradition
-Bathing in water: act of purification (ex. Ganges river-holiest river because it is said to spring from the hair of Siva, a main deities)
-No specific founder
-Confucius: rules for daily life
-Lack of diffusion
-Loa Zi: Contemporary of Confucius, organized Daoism
-Split into many sects
-Beliefs: only by avoidance of daily activities can one live in harmony with the principles the underline and govern the universe
-Practiced: in China, legal in Taiwan
-Lack of diffusion
-Ethnic religion: distinct in Japan
-Beliefs: forces of nature are divine
-under Emperor Meiji: it was the official state religion
-Shrines and pilgrimages
-has diffused because it is practiced in many countries- not just its place of origin
-trace their religion through Abraham's 1st wife, Sarah, and their son, Issac
-Major holidays: based on events in agriculture calendar
What are the 5 universalizing religions?
Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Sikhism,and Baha'i
What are the 5 ethnic religions?
Judaism, Shintoism, Daoism, Confucianism, and Hinduism
What are the branches of Christianity?
Major branches: Catholic, Protestant, and Eastern Orthodox
Smaller branches: Coptic church of Egypt, Ethiopian church, Maronites, and Mormons
What are the branches of Islam?
Branches: Sunni and Shiite
What are the branches of Buddhism?
Branches: Mahayana, Theravada, Tantrayana
What places did Muslim armies conquer?
Much of India, North Africa, and a part of Western Europe
Who is the founder of Buddhism?
Where is Buddhism mainly found?
China, Southeast Asia
Where is Shintoism a distinct ethnic religion?
What are the Four Noble Truths?
1. all living things should endure suffering; 2. suffering leads to reincarnation; 3. the goal is to attain Nirvana through mental and mortal self-purification; 4. Nirvana is attained through and Eightfold Path (includes rightness of belief, resolve, speech, action, livelihood, effort, thought, and meditation
See notes for religion vs. ?
doesn't have a central authority, but they cooperate and share ideas well
tries to appeal to all people, not just people in a certain region
when the sun is farthest away from the equator/ important in Ethnic religions
belief that there is more than one god
help to spread a religion
religion where a central authority has large control
during Middle Ages, neighborhoods in cities that were only lived in by Jews, but is now a term used to describe a group based on social, economic, or legal pressure
a group of religious beliefs that focus on the origin of the universe
belief that objects, natural events have a spirit and conscious life
division of a branch that ties a number of local congregation into one administrative and legal body
the class (hereditary order) where a Hindu is assigned based on religious law
religion with a concentrated spatial distribution whose principals are usually based on the physical characteristics of where they are
belief that there is only one god
a trip to a place that is thought of as a sacred place for a religion
literal interpretation and strict sticking to the principles of a religion
simple unit of geographic organization in the Roman Catholic church
follower of polytheistic religion in ancient times
a large fundamental division within a religion
small group that is no longer under domination
Mainly Roman Catholic
How does Roman Catholic affect the U.S.?
Divided the U.S. into provinces (headed by archbishop), subdivided into dioceses (headed by bishop)
Palestine and Israel divide
-1947: UN planned to partition Palestine (create 2 countries between Muslim and Jewish areas)
-Jerusalem:meant to be run by UN
declared independence neighbors began a war which ended in an armistice
-Israel's boundaries: extended beyond UN partition to include W suburbs of Jerusalem
-Jordan: gained control W bank and E Jerusalem (old city)
Israel: captured Golan Heights- from Syria, W bank, E Jerusalem- from Jordan, Sinai Peninsula and Gaza Strip from Egypt
-Israel: gave Sinai back to Egypt,
Israel: gave a part of Gaza and West Bank back to Palestinians
Israel: still controls Golan Heights, most of West Bank, E Jerusalem
-Jews: have made more than 100 settlements
-land between Med Sea and Jordan River: divide into 3 parallel physical regions (narrow coastal plain, series of hills, Jordan river valley)
-Israel's boundaries- encompassed mainly lowlands (Jordan and Sirya-highlands)
During 1967 war
-Israel: captured highlands to stop attacks
Israel has built a barrier where?
Between it and West Bank (gate is 420 mil., has surveillance cameras and barbed wire, Arabs consider it "racial segregation wall"
Old City of Jerusalem has holy places for what 3 religions,
Muslims (2 structures-Done of Rock and al-Aqsa mosque), Jewish (temple), Christian (shrines- like Church of Holy Sepulchre- Jesus is thought to have been buried)
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
AP Human Geography Chapter 6
Ch. 6 AP Human Geography (Religion)
AP Human Geography Chapter 6 (Religion) Vocabulary
AP Human Geography; Unit 2
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