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Life Span and Development Final
Terms in this set (80)
What is the most influential part of emotion for infants?
Assist children in labeling negative emotions.
Jealousy, empathy, pride, shame, and embarrassment are examples of
Baby Kailee cries when her mother drops her off at the babysitter's house and leaves. This is called
For the average infant, social smiles begin to appear after
Marcela has a low activity level, is somewhat negative, and displays a low intensity of mood. She is considered a(n)__________ child.
Sierra cries frequently, often shows fear of new people, and is easily frustrated when trying to do jigsaw puzzles. Sierra is probably
High on negative activity.
An infant would most likely show more positive emotion toward which of the following?
The smiling face of a caregiver.
______________ are disoriented and confused and show strong patterns of resistance and fear.
Insecure disorganized babies.
Individuals who are securely attached possess all of the following except
During early childhood, self-evaluations are
Unrealistic and doubt.
Possible selves include all of the following except
What individuals perceive they have become.
Involves looking back at one's life experiences, evaluating them, and interpreting them, and often reinterpreting them.
The status of individuals who have made a commitment but not experienced a crisis is
Erikson's psychosocial stage of development for adolescents is called
Identity versus identity confusion.
Who identified four identity statuses for adolescence?
Which of the following is not one of the adult male's four major conflicts (Levinson, 1978)?
Being free versus being committed.
Which of the following individuals is best suited for dealing with a stressful life event?
A person with a strong family support.
Research shows which of the following regarding the concept of "the midlife crisis"?
If adults do experience a crisis, it is often linked to stressful life events, not aging.
In the Baltimore Study, _______________ was found to continue to develop into late adulthood.
A child who thinks of justice and rules as unchangeable properties of the world that are removed from the control of people is displaying
Heteronomous morality. in
Which of the following is the highest stage Kohlberg's theory of moral development?
Universal ethical principals.
In service learning, student's may engage in
All answers are correct: tutoring, helping older adults, working in a hospital.
Which part of the parent-child relationship contributes to moral development?
The quality of the relationship.
A(n) ____________ is an adolescent who breaks the law or engages in behavior that is considered illegal.
The positive outcomes of volunteering in late adulthood include all of the following except
Providing a gateway to paid employment.
Which of the following is not an example of prosocial behavior/feeling?
Regarding the religiosity of middle-aged adults, which of the following statements is true?
Researchers are increasingly finding that religion is positively linked to health on middle age.
The last decade or two, college students have been more motivate to
Become financially stable.
What percentage of Americans report believing in God?
Jaden has taught his parents how to text message. This is an example of
Karalee's husband is an alcoholic who frequently engages in infidelity. Karalee's marriage most likely will
End in divorce.
Recent research shows that ___________ is one of the main factors that predicts positive marriage quality.
Equality in decision making.
In midlife, most individuals who are married exhibit.
Increased marital satisfaction.
__________ is a style in which parents are highly involved with their children but place few demands or controls on them.
About __________ of parents who were abused themselves when they were young go onto abuse their own children.
Which of the following most likely to experience adjustment problems?
A child who has experienced multiple divorces.
Which of the following statements about birth order is true?
Research shows that birth order offers limited ability to predict behavior.
Adult___________ are three times more likely than are adult ____________ to give parents assistance with daily living activities.
Which of the following statements is false?
Married wives are more involved with their husband' kin than with their own.
Thoughts about social matters are known as
__________ children are frequently nominated as someone's best friend and are rarely disliked.
Which function of friendship provides children with information about where they stand in regard to others and how they are doing in a social context?
Tara is an adolescent. Which of the following best describes her notion of friendship?
She discloses personal information to her friends more often than to her parents.
__________ involves the repetition of behavior when new skills are being learned or when physical or mental mastery and coordination of skills are required for games or sports.
Pretense/symbolic play reaches its peak at what age?
4-5 years old.
Activity theory suggests that older adults will age more successfully if they are all of the following except
A recent study of adults 60 years and older revealed that __________ were more important than _________ in predicting mental health.
Friendships; family relationships.
Regarding ethnicity and aging, which of the following statements is false?
Older ethnic-minority individuals have poor support networks and little access to extended families, churches, and other groups.
Beryl is an older adult who frequently walks, attends church activities, and travels. She is at risk for
None of these problems; she is aging successfully.
Which of the following describes congenital adrenal hyperplasia?
A female individual with high levels of androgens.
Kendall sees her mother cleaning the house and cooking dinner, so she pretends to make a snack for her dolls. This best describes the
Social cognitive theory of gender.
Children begin to gender stereotype as early as age
When considering physical aggression, boys are ___ aggressive compared to girls.
All of the following adjectives characterize women's development except
Men live _______ women do.
Five to ten years less than.
In a single act of unprotected sex, a teenage girl has a __________ percent risk of acquiring gonorrhea.
All of the following are causes of rape in the United States EXCEPT
Males are socialized to associate women who drink too much with loose sexual morals.
Adolescents who viewed sexual content on TV were statistically
More likely to have sexual intercourse earlier.
McKenzie is an adolescent girl. Which of the following factors places her at an increased risk for pregnancy?
Her older sister had a baby last year.
Which of the following is a teacher-centered approach to learning?
Every morning, Mr. Lawson's students learn one new word. First, students make a guess at the meaning. Next, they explore their anthology book for the word in context. Finally, they look up the word in a dictionary. Which teaching method does this best illustrate?
Amir attends a preschool in which he independently selects activities and spends a varied amount of time on each, as he desires. His teacher acts as a facilitator rather than a director. Amir most likely attends a
A study of 40-year-old adults who attended Perry Preschool, a high-quality preschool program, found that most
Owned their own homes.
What happens to children's self-esteem as they proceed through early school years?
Which of the following is NOT a positive aspect to the transition to middle or junior high?
Experiencing the top-dog phenomenon.
Which ethnic group has the highest school dropout rate?
What is the MOST likely reason for a student to drop out of school?
Which statement is TRUE of adult education?
Women represent the majority of adult learners.
About 80 percent of children with learning disabilities have issues with
Which of the following death-system components is exemplified by Memorial Day in the United States and the Day of the Dead in Mexico?
In 1900, most people died at home. Today,
More than 80 percent of all deaths occur in institutions or hospitals.
Because the higher portions of the brain often die sooner than the lower portions,
A person whose higher brain areas have died may continue breathing and have a heartbeat.
Which of the following statements about hospice care is false?
A hospice is designed to prolong a patient's life.
Compared with childhood, death in adolescence is more likely to occur because of all of the following except
Which of the following individuals would most likely fear death?
A middle-aged adult.
During which of Kübler-Ross' five stages of dying is it suggested that the person feels resentment, rage, and envy, and often asks, "Why me"?
Although many individuals would rather die at home, they worry that
There is limited space. Medical staff may not be available when needed. They will be a burden at home. All answer choices are correct.
Conversation with a dying person should focus on which of the following?
The dying individual's strengths and preparation for the remainder of life.
Deaths that are __________ are likely to have more intense and prolonged effects on surviving individuals and make the coping process more difficult for them.
Sudden. Untimely. Violent. All answer choices are correct.
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Over time, a. passionate and companionate love both decrease. b. passionate love increases and companionate love decreases. c. passionate and companionate love both increase. d. passionate love decreases and companionate love increases. e. there is no consistent relationship between the levels of passionate love and companionate love.
In many Western societies, it is common for adolescents to graduate from high school, go to college, and still live at home with their parents. They have not yet assumed full adult responsibilities and independence. Psychologists have identified this period of time as a. adulthood. b. early adulthood. c. emerging adulthood. d. late adolescence. e. role confusion.
A researcher calculates statistical significance for her study and finds a 5 percent chance that results are due to chance. Which of the following is an accurate interpretation of this finding? a. This is well beyond the range of statistical significance. b. This is the minimum result typically considered statistically significant. c. This is not statistically significant. d. There is no way to determine statistical significance without replication of the study. e. Chance or coincidence is unrelated to statistical significance.
In the structure of the neuron, the __________ receives messages from other cells. **a.** axon **b.** dendrite **c.** soma **d.** myelin
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