an elected representative who acts in perfect accord with the wishes of his or her constituents
an elected representative who believes that his or her own best judgment, rather than instructions from constituents, should be used in making legislative decisions.
The process, occurring after every decennial census, that allocates congressional seats among the states.
The process of redrawing election districts and redistributing legislative representatives
Members of Congress are expected to avoid expressions of anger, personal attacks on character, etc.
The system of committees and subcommittee encourages members of Congress to specialize in a particular policy areas.
A form of reciprocity in which by mutual agreement, members support projects that are primarily beneficial to the individual members and their constituencies
Appropriations made by legislative bodies for local projects that are often not needed but that are created so that local representatives can win re election in their home districts
A bill that seeks to secure either a special privilegem relief, or an exemption to the person named in the bill
A temporary legislative committee set up to highlight or investigate a particular issue or address a issue not within the jurisdiction of existing committees
A joint committee created to work out a compromise on House and Senate versions of a particular piece of legislation
Ranking given to an individual on the basis of length on continuous service on a committee in Congress
A legislative support agency responsible for policy analysis; provide resources and expertise to the legislative branch
An association of members of Congress based on party, interest, or social group, such as gender or race
Lengthly continuous speech by a Senator that can defeat a bill by forcing the majority to pul the bill off the Floor