SC 10 Core history
Month in which WWII began
City in which Britain, France and Germany did a deal over Czechoslovakia in September 1938
Term for policy of giving Hitler what he wanted so as to avoid war.
British PM at beginning of WWII
Year in which Hitler came to power
Famous German dive-bomber
Messerschmitt 109 was a: dive-bomber, fighter, bomber
Year in which Hitler occupied the whole of Czechoslovakia
Abbreviation for Nazi Brownshirts
Was Kristallnacht a pogrom, a putsch or a synagogue?
Hatred of Jews: Anti-___________
In the interwar period was the USA interventionist, abolitionist or isolationist?
Failed international organisation between the wars: the ________ of Nations
Dictator of Fascist Italy
This 1919 treaty greatly embittered many Germans
Anschluss refers to Germany's occupation of ______________
German word meaning 'lightning war'
The lull on the Western Front in 1939-40 was called the ________ war
The Maginot ________ was in France
Forest through which the Germans launched a surprise attack in May 1940 and December 1944
Port from which British and French troops were evacuated to Britain in 1940
Commander of the Free French: Charles de ________
The French puppet government established in 1940 was based on the town of ___________
'This was their __________ hour'
The heavy bombing of British cities in 1940-1 was known as the ________
The ___________ will always get through
Germany's plan to invade Britain was called Operation ________
Two main types of British fighter in Battle of Britain: Spitfire and ________
Were Heinkel, Dornier and Junkers famous as: Nazis, aircraft or battles?
Head of the German air force
Head of Nazi propaganda
At the beginning of WWII, which country controlled Libya?
Was Germany's defeat in the Battle of Britain sealed when they switched to attacking London, radar stations or airfields?
Which was the first battle of the war involving Australian soldiers? Sedan, Alamein, Bardia, Tobruk
Who commanded the Germans in the desert war?
British commander at El Alamein
Was the Australian division that fought at Tobruk and Alamein the 6th, 7th, 8th or 9th?
The defenders of Tobruk called themselves the '________ of Tobruk'
Australian and New Zealand troops could not prevent the fall of this country in 1941
Commander of the 'Rats of Tobruk'
Island captured by German paratroops
The German troops in North Africa were called the 'Afrika _______'
The Australians in Tobruk were told to 'besiege the ________'
German word for submarine
Great German battleship sunk in 1941
In August 1939 Hitler signed a non-aggression pact with _________
Policy of denying resources to an enemy: _________ earth
Hitler wanted the Caucasus region of the USSR for its ________
Stalingrad lay on the ________ River
Hitler's chief objectives in 1941 were the cities of Moscow and _______________
Stalin's best general
Germany invaded the USSR on 22 ________ 1941
Was the role of Einsatzgruppen to administer, fight or exterminate?
Was 'Bolshevik' another name for Communist, Jew or Commissar?
In WWII were 'partisans' police, pilots or guerrillas?
Rough percentage of Soviet POWs who died in captivity: 25, 33, 50, 80
General who surrendered at Stalingrad - von ________
Was Vasili Zaitsev a famous pilot, sniper, general or politician?
A type of Soviet tank which shocked the Germans in 1941 was the T-___
German air force
Was the greatest tank battle in history Normandy, Kursk, the Bulge or Alamein?
What type of weapons were the Tiger and Panther?
Which country did Churchill describe as the 'soft underbelly of Europe'?
In which year did Italy surrender to the Allies?
Instead of Precision bombing, did the RAF concentrate on 'power', 'tactical' or 'area' bombing?
Was the P-51 Mustang's most significant asset its range, firepower, speed or altitude?
Hitler talked of his Atlantic Wall, or '_______ Europe' in the lead-up to D-Day
D-Day was ___ June 1944
Was the D--Day operation codename 'Anvil', 'Torch' or 'Overlord'?
Was D-Day in Brittany, Paris, Dunkirk or Normandy?
Gold, Juno and Sword were British________
The landing which came closest to defeat on D-Day was at _________ Beach.
While the fighting in France went on in 1944, the Red Army destroyed the German Army Group ____
Eastern European city which rose against the Germans in August 1944
The capture of the bridge at Arnhem was an attempt to cross the _______
Was the V-2 a plan, a jet or a missile?
Which did the Germans NOT invent: jet, assault-rifle, snorkel, radar
Hitler's offensive in December 1944 is usually called the Battle of the ______
Great defensive battle won by the Americans in the Ardennes: Arnhem, Carentan, Cassino, Bastogne
Leaders of the Big Three for most of the war: Stalin, Churchill and ______________
Codename for plot to kill Hitler - name of a movie about that subject
Chuikov was a Soviet general who led Red Army troops to famous victories in Stalingrad and ______
Hitler killed himself on 30 ______ 1945
The members of the Tripartite Pact (1940) were Germany, Italy and ________
Year in which Pearl Harbor was attacked
Was Pearl Harbor attacked on 22 June, 11 September, or 7 December?
Island on which Pearl Harbor is a base
Australia's defence against Japan was initially based on the '________ Strategy'
Australia lost most of the ____ Division in the defence of Malaya, Singapore and other islands
15 ________ 1942 was the date on which Singapore fell to the Japanese
The Australian commander in Singapore, Gordon ________, contorversially escaped from the island before it surrendered.
Proportion of Australian POWs who did not survive Japanese captivity: one-________
The first air raid on Darwin occurred on 19 February ________
Australian Prime Minister for most of WWII: John________
Was the death toll from the bombing of Darwin approximately: 50, 250, 700 or 1200?
During the course of the war how many air raids did Darwin endure? 24, 44 or 64?
How many Japanese midget submarines entered Sydney Harbour in May 1942?
Did the midget submarines in Sydney sink a ferry, a cruiser or nothing?
Japanese submarines bombarded Sydney and which other Australian town?
Immediately before he came to Australia, where had General MacArthur been in command?
Which of these terms was NOT used for Australian troops whose sole task was to defend Australian soil: AIF, CMF, militia
Port Moresby was saved from capture by the battle of the ________ Sea
At the battle of ________ Japan lost four aircraft carriers
The Japanese tried to capture Port Moresby by crossing Papua on the ________ Track.
Japanese ground forces suffered their first major defeat at the battle of ________ Bay in August-September 1942
Were the Australians MacArthur's spearhead force in 1943, 1944 or 1945?
Main US bomber used against Japanese home islands from late 1944: the B-___
In the last stages of the war Australian troops were reduced to '________-up' isolated but hard-fighting Japanese garrisons.
Japanese suicide missions
Were one, none or all of these places on the Kokoda Track? Isurava, Imita, Deniki
________ Wuzzies was a term given to locals who helped the Australians in Papua
Which of these places was a Japanese base in New Guinea: Truk, Tarawa, Buna
The Nazis murdered approximately ________ million Jews
Shoah is a term used by Jews for the wartime ________
Is 'eugenics' a term connected with tactics, race, codebreaking or rationing?
German term for Night of the Broken Glass, November 1938
Term for small urban areas where Germans confined Jews
Most famous Nazi extermination camp:________
SS killing squads in Russia were called '________'
At Wannsee in January 1942 the Nazis decided on a '______ __________ to the Jewish question'
Under the Nazis, all Jews were required to wear a ________ of David
The ________ Declaration of July 1945 threatened Japan with destruction if it did not surrender
Codename for the American project to build the atomic bomb: The ________ Project
Two physicists, Leo Szilard and Albert ________ encouraged Roosevelt to build the bomb
US President who permitted the dropping of the A-bombs
The battle of Iwo Jima is remembered largely because of a photo of marines holding a ________
Japanese island taken in bloody and huge-scale fighting in April-June 1945: ________
The Allied plan to invade Japan in 1945 was called 'Operation __________'
The first atomic bomb dropped on Japan was called 'Little ______'
The atomic bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and ________
Month in which the atomic bombs were dropped
Name of the emperor of Japan in World War II
Which was most appealing to early Australian recruits: AIF, CMF, RAAF, RAN?
What was the derogatory nickname given to militiamen, who were said to 'melt in the sun'?
War involving all aspects of society came to be called '________ war'
The ________ Convention offered protection to prisoners of war
An infamous building proect involving POWs was the ________ Railway
'Weary' ________ was an Australian doctor famous for courageously helping and protecting prisoners of the Japanese
The National ________ Act gave the Federal government strong powers in wartime
Brawl between Australian and Amercan servicemen in November 1942: the Battle of ________
Confining people associated with an enemy nation to camps is called:________
The WAAAF, AWAS, and WRANS were all organisations for ________
Was the Australian Women's Land Army chiefly concerned with agriculture, administration or manufacture?
Aborigines could join the armed forces only if they were of 'substantially ________ descent'
Reg ________ was the frst Aboriginal to become an Australian army officer
Len Waters was the RAAF's only Aboriginal ________
Was Australia's PM at the end of WWII Curtin, Menzies, Lyons or Chifley?
A leading figure in the establishment of the United Nations was the Australian, 'Doc' ________
The main POW camp in Singapore was called ________
Was Sandakan the site of a battle, massacre or conference?
The main Japanese fighter plane, the ________ outperformed all its opponents early in the Pacific War
At the same time as the Kokoda campaign, were the Japanese fighting the Americans at Guadalcanal, Leyte or Tarawa?
1945 Conference where the Allies decided to divide up Germany
Four powers who controlled postwar Germany: USSR, UK, USA and ________
Famous as the originator of the term 'iron curtain'
Berlin lay in the _________-controlled part of Germany
In 1948, Stalin tried to _________ Berlin from Western aid
The Federal Republic of Germany was also known as _________ Germany
The German Democratic Republic was also known as _________ Germany
Years of the Berlin Wall - 1961-19__
America's attempt to 'contain' Communism was known as the _________ Doctrine
The _________ Plan was an American program to give financial assistance to poor Western countries in danger of turning Communist
Kim Il Sung led _________ Korea
In the Korean War, the South was supported by an alliance of _ _ forces
He commanded the United Nations forces in the Korean war
Was the war in Korea (write number): 1. Victory to the North; 2. Draw; 3. Victory to the South
Revolutionary who took over Cuba in 1959
Cuba's main export in 1960s
Failed attempt to defeat communists in Cuba 1961 - Bay of _________
Soviet leader at time of Cuban Missile Crisis
US President in Cuban Missile Crisis
Name for first Soviet spacecraft
Space agency established by USA
Year of moon landing
In the _________ Emergency of the 1950s, Australian servicemen helped to defeat a Communist uprising
Communists in South Vietnam: Viet _________
Theory that Communism would spread from country to adjacent country
Year Australian involvement in the Vietnam War ended
Defoliant in the Vietnam War: Agent_________
Petroleum jelly used in bombs
The USSR's war in _________ is often compared to the USA's war in Vietnam
Soviet leader when Communism fell in 1991
US President at the end of the Cold War
Year of the September 11 attacks
Headquarters city of the United Nations
Number associated with a sesquicentenary
Was the governor who established the idea of 'terra nullius' Bligh, Phillip or Bourke?
'Terra nullius' means 'nobody's ________'
In 1938, Aborigines held a 'Day of ________' in Sydney
What did the Federal Government give the Stolen Generations in 2008?
In 1948 the United Nations produced a Universal ________ of Human Rights
Australian Herbert 'Doc' ________ took a leading role in the early UN
Which of these words means 'can't be taken away': inalienable, disenfranchised, indubitable
'All human beings are born free and _______ in dignity and rights'
'Everyone has the right to _______ , liberty and security of person.'
'_______ rights' is a term for citizens' rights to have social and political freedom
The '_______ Australia' policy dominated Australian immigration until 1973
A policy of separating groups on a racial or ethnic basis
Policy of integrating one culture into another
Part of the assimilation policy was the establishment of reserves and religious _______ for indigenous Australians
Until 1967 Aborigines were not counted in the _______
After Federation, aboriginal affairs were chiefly the concern of _______ governments.
South African form of segregation
Those who suffered as part of the Stolen Generations were mainly '_______ -race' children
'_______ them Home' was a 1997 report on the Stolen Generations
Was the 1938 statement 'Aborigines Claim Citizen Rights' an edict, a bill, a petition or a manifesto?
Top Aboriginal footballer in 1930s; first Aboriginal knighted: Doug _______
Aboriginal fast bowler who impressed Bradman: Eddie _______
Participation in _______ in the 1940s helped promote the rights of African Americans and Indigenous Australians
Pioneer in Aboriginal Land Rights: Eddie _________
Town in Alabama that featured in the bus boycotts
Rosa _________ is famous for her role in US civil rights
Those who took buses into racist areas in the USA and Australia in the 1960s were _________ Riders
Segregationist laws in the southern United States were called Jim _________ laws
_________ vs the Board of Education was a US case that ended segregation in schools
Emmett _________ was an African-American boy murdered in Mississippi
Eddie Mabo was from _________ Island
Little Rock High School in the state of _________ was a centre of attention in 1957
President _________ called in troops to resolve the problems at Little Rock High School
Riots occurred when James _________ tried to enrol at the University of Mississippi
In 1963 Martin Luther King led the March on _________
President who oversaw the introduction of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
MLK's famous speech: I have a _________
Year in which Aborigines were given the right to vote in federal elections.
Year in which Aborigines became legally entitled to equal pay with other Australians: 1963, 1967 or 1968
The ____________ Hill station walk-off was a landmark in the struggle for indigenous rights
The ____________ Blues is a song celebrating the struggle of Indigenous people
Vincent ____________ took a leading role in the Wave Hill struggle
Prime Minister who intervened in the Wave Hill struggle
Did the Aboriginal Land Rights (Northern Territory) Act came into effect in 1967, 1975, 1976 or 1992?
'From Little Things Big Things Grow' was a song about the Wave Hill by Kev Carmody and Paul ____
The group involved in the Australian Freedom Ride were called __________ Action for Aborigines
Surname of the leader of the Australian Freedom Riders
NSW town at the centre of the Freedom Riders struggle
The Freedom Riders concentrated on this club which would not permit Aborigines to join it
In Moree the Freedom Riders attacked the ban on local Aborigines using the public_____
Prime Minister who organised the 1967 Referendum
Rough percentage of people who voted Yes in the 1967 Referendum
The Whitlam government announced the principle of _________-determination for Aboriginal Affairs policy
Prime Minister whose government passed the Aboriginal Land Rights Act
Aborigines established the 'Aboriginal __________ Embassy'
Were those who established the Tent Embassy most interested in a militant, non-violent or legislative approach?
Those who established the Tent Embassy emphasised the importance of preserving sites ________ to Aborigines
Harold ____________ designed the Aboriginal flag
Three colours of the Aboriginal flag: black, ____________ and red
The High Court ruled that native title only applied to land not already sold or given away: ___________ land
Land rights of indigenous groups: __________ title
Eddie Mabo's home island was in the ___________ Strait
The 1996 case relating to pastoral leases is known as the _ _ _ case
Did the Native Title Amendment Bill reduce, increase or maintain native title?
Lowitja ___________ is an outstanding indigenous Australian, named Australian of the Year in 1992
Prime minister who made the nation's apology on Sorry Day
Term for improving relations between white and indigenous Australians
Main representative body for Indigenous Australians 1990-2004
City in which Martin Luther King was assassinated
Prime Minister Keating's _________ Park speech of 1992 acknowledged white mistakes
Prime Minister who argued that the current generation need not apologise for the misdeeds of earlier generations' treatment of Aborigines
Geoffrey Blainey introduced the concept of 'Black ________ History'
Is Keith Windshuttle a politician, historian or Aboriginal?
Indigenous athlete who featured in the 2000 Olympics
Country where First Nations, Inuit and Metis are the indigenous people
Indigenous people of New Zealand
Usual term for the Northern Territory National Emergency Response of 2007: the ________
People forced to leave their country because of war or persecution: _________ persons
'Populate or _________' was a slogan of the Chifley government
Australia's first Minister for Immigration
Spike in birth rates after World War II: Baby _________
Labor PM at end of World War II
The Labor government created the Department of _________ in 1945
The _________ Mountain Scheme was created to develop hydro-electric power
Political belief which post-1945 immigrants were expected to reject
Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia were on this sea
British immigrants who were helped to come to Australia were known as 10 pound _____
One occurred in 1947 and 1996
The Immigration ________ Act of 1901 was designed to keep out non-whites
A test of this type was part of the 1901 Immigration Act
After the Chinese Civil War, China became _______
Year in which the Chinese Civil War ended
The first US president to recognise China
PM when Australia recognised Communist China
Place where Australians fought as part of a UN force in a war in the early 1950s
Place where Australians supported British forces against communist insurgents
Anti-communist alliance in south-east Asia
Australia's _________________ Plan focussed on educating visiting Asians
Under the Menzies government, this minister allowed some non-European refugees and Japanese war brides into Australia
The dictation test was abolished in 1958 in the _____________ Act
From 1966 the ability to do this became the key criterion for migration
In 1973 the Whitlam government instructed embassies to ignore this as a criterion when selecting migrants
This PM's government was the first to allow Indo-Chinese refugees into Australia in large numbers
Many refugees from this part of Indonesia came to Australia from 1975
Many immigrants fled from the Taliban in this country
An African country where civil war led to many refugees coming to Australia
A massacre here led the Hawke government to give permanent residency to many Chinese students
Which is the odd one out? Assimilation, integration, segregation
The feeling of being in an unfamiliar culture is sometimes called 'culture_____'
Opposite of 'multiculturalism'
Whitlam's Minister for Immigration, Al ________
Actions agreed on by both parties are said to have _______ agreement
In 1975 the Whitlam government passed the Racial _____________ Act
Controversial historian Geoffrey _______ argued that multiculturalism threatened Australia's social cohesion
Prime Minister Keating introduced ______ detention for asylum seekers
'We will decide who comes to this country and the ______ in which they come'
PM Howard proposed the '______ solution'
Since 2001 most asylum seekers have come from Sri Lanka, Afghanistan and _____
'One Nation' was a party opposed to Asian immigration and led by Pauline ___
The 2001 _____ crisis revolved around the rescue of asylum seekers aboard the 'Palapa'
Pacific island to which Coalition and Labor governments have sent asylum seekers
The 'children _____ ' controversy concerned SIEV 4, or the Olong, and HMAS Adelaide
The Vietnam War was part of the wider '_____ War'
Year in which the Vietnam War ended with the reunification of North and South
The 1954 battle of Dien Bien Phu saw the ejection of the ______ from Vietnam
Viet Cong's style of fighting
American involvement in Vietnam was prompted by the ______ Incident
Australian involvement in Vietnam owed much to its subscription to the _____ Theory
Number of Australians killed in Vietnam, to nearest 100
The ____ Offensive is seen as a turning point in the Vietnam War
Capital of South Vietnam
After their victory, the Communists sent many South Vietnamese to ______ camps
Asylum seekers who are found to be in genuine danger in their homeland are called _____
Those who flee their country in the hope of being recognised as refugees are classed initially as ______ seekers
The first 'boat people' since World War II came from _____ in the 1970s
____ Le is a fine Australian writer who was born in Vietnam
_____ frequently attacked Vietnamese boat people
Among all nations, was Australia 1st, 2nd, 3rd or 4th in the number of Vietnamese boat people it accepted?