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325 terms

SC 10 Core history

STUDY
PLAY
September
Month in which WWII began
Munich
City in which Britain, France and Germany did a deal over Czechoslovakia in September 1938
Appeasement
Term for policy of giving Hitler what he wanted so as to avoid war.
Chamberlain
British PM at beginning of WWII
1933
Year in which Hitler came to power
Stuka
Famous German dive-bomber
Fighter
Messerschmitt 109 was a: dive-bomber, fighter, bomber
1939
Year in which Hitler occupied the whole of Czechoslovakia
SA
Abbreviation for Nazi Brownshirts
Pogrom
Was Kristallnacht a pogrom, a putsch or a synagogue?
Semitism
Hatred of Jews: Anti-___________
Isolationist
In the interwar period was the USA interventionist, abolitionist or isolationist?
League
Failed international organisation between the wars: the ________ of Nations
Mussolini
Dictator of Fascist Italy
Versailles
This 1919 treaty greatly embittered many Germans
Austria
Anschluss refers to Germany's occupation of ______________
Blitzkrieg
German word meaning 'lightning war'
Tank
Panzer means______
Phoney
The lull on the Western Front in 1939-40 was called the ________ war
Line
The Maginot ________ was in France
Ardennes
Forest through which the Germans launched a surprise attack in May 1940 and December 1944
Dunkirk
Port from which British and French troops were evacuated to Britain in 1940
Gaulle
Commander of the Free French: Charles de ________
Vichy
The French puppet government established in 1940 was based on the town of ___________
Finest
'This was their __________ hour'
Blitz
The heavy bombing of British cities in 1940-1 was known as the ________
bomber
The ___________ will always get through
Sealion
Germany's plan to invade Britain was called Operation ________
Hurricane
Two main types of British fighter in Battle of Britain: Spitfire and ________
Aircraft
Were Heinkel, Dornier and Junkers famous as: Nazis, aircraft or battles?
Goering
Head of the German air force
Goebbels
Head of Nazi propaganda
Italy
At the beginning of WWII, which country controlled Libya?
London
Was Germany's defeat in the Battle of Britain sealed when they switched to attacking London, radar stations or airfields?
Bardia
Which was the first battle of the war involving Australian soldiers? Sedan, Alamein, Bardia, Tobruk
Rommel
Who commanded the Germans in the desert war?
Montgomery
British commander at El Alamein
9th
Was the Australian division that fought at Tobruk and Alamein the 6th, 7th, 8th or 9th?
Rats
The defenders of Tobruk called themselves the '________ of Tobruk'
Greece
Australian and New Zealand troops could not prevent the fall of this country in 1941
Morshead
Commander of the 'Rats of Tobruk'
Crete
Island captured by German paratroops
Korps
The German troops in North Africa were called the 'Afrika _______'
Besiegers
The Australians in Tobruk were told to 'besiege the ________'
U-boat
German word for submarine
Bismarck
Great German battleship sunk in 1941
Stalin
In August 1939 Hitler signed a non-aggression pact with _________
Scorched
Policy of denying resources to an enemy: _________ earth
Oil
Hitler wanted the Caucasus region of the USSR for its ________
Volga
Stalingrad lay on the ________ River
Leningrad
Hitler's chief objectives in 1941 were the cities of Moscow and _______________
Zhukov
Stalin's best general
June
Germany invaded the USSR on 22 ________ 1941
Exterminate
Was the role of Einsatzgruppen to administer, fight or exterminate?
Communist
Was 'Bolshevik' another name for Communist, Jew or Commissar?
Guerrillas
In WWII were 'partisans' police, pilots or guerrillas?
50
Rough percentage of Soviet POWs who died in captivity: 25, 33, 50, 80
Paulus
General who surrendered at Stalingrad - von ________
Sniper
Was Vasili Zaitsev a famous pilot, sniper, general or politician?
34
A type of Soviet tank which shocked the Germans in 1941 was the T-___
Luftwaffe
German air force
Kursk
Was the greatest tank battle in history Normandy, Kursk, the Bulge or Alamein?
Tanks
What type of weapons were the Tiger and Panther?
Italy
Which country did Churchill describe as the 'soft underbelly of Europe'?
1943
In which year did Italy surrender to the Allies?
Area
Instead of Precision bombing, did the RAF concentrate on 'power', 'tactical' or 'area' bombing?
Range
Was the P-51 Mustang's most significant asset its range, firepower, speed or altitude?
Fortress
Hitler talked of his Atlantic Wall, or '_______ Europe' in the lead-up to D-Day
6
D-Day was ___ June 1944
Overlord
Was the D--Day operation codename 'Anvil', 'Torch' or 'Overlord'?
Normandy
Was D-Day in Brittany, Paris, Dunkirk or Normandy?
Beaches
Gold, Juno and Sword were British________
Omaha
The landing which came closest to defeat on D-Day was at _________ Beach.
Centre
While the fighting in France went on in 1944, the Red Army destroyed the German Army Group ____
Warsaw
Eastern European city which rose against the Germans in August 1944
Rhine
The capture of the bridge at Arnhem was an attempt to cross the _______
Missile
Was the V-2 a plan, a jet or a missile?
Radar
Which did the Germans NOT invent: jet, assault-rifle, snorkel, radar
Bulge
Hitler's offensive in December 1944 is usually called the Battle of the ______
Bastogne
Great defensive battle won by the Americans in the Ardennes: Arnhem, Carentan, Cassino, Bastogne
Roosevelt
Leaders of the Big Three for most of the war: Stalin, Churchill and ______________
Valkyrie
Codename for plot to kill Hitler - name of a movie about that subject
Berlin
Chuikov was a Soviet general who led Red Army troops to famous victories in Stalingrad and ______
April
Hitler killed himself on 30 ______ 1945
Japan
The members of the Tripartite Pact (1940) were Germany, Italy and ________
1941
Year in which Pearl Harbor was attacked
7 December
Was Pearl Harbor attacked on 22 June, 11 September, or 7 December?
Hawaii
Island on which Pearl Harbor is a base
Singapore
Australia's defence against Japan was initially based on the '________ Strategy'
8th
Australia lost most of the ____ Division in the defence of Malaya, Singapore and other islands
February
15 ________ 1942 was the date on which Singapore fell to the Japanese
Bennett
The Australian commander in Singapore, Gordon ________, contorversially escaped from the island before it surrendered.
Third
Proportion of Australian POWs who did not survive Japanese captivity: one-________
1942
The first air raid on Darwin occurred on 19 February ________
Curtin
Australian Prime Minister for most of WWII: John________
250
Was the death toll from the bombing of Darwin approximately: 50, 250, 700 or 1200?
64
During the course of the war how many air raids did Darwin endure? 24, 44 or 64?
3
How many Japanese midget submarines entered Sydney Harbour in May 1942?
Ferry
Did the midget submarines in Sydney sink a ferry, a cruiser or nothing?
Newcastle
Japanese submarines bombarded Sydney and which other Australian town?
Philippines
Immediately before he came to Australia, where had General MacArthur been in command?
AIF
Which of these terms was NOT used for Australian troops whose sole task was to defend Australian soil: AIF, CMF, militia
Coral
Port Moresby was saved from capture by the battle of the ________ Sea
Midway
At the battle of ________ Japan lost four aircraft carriers
Kokoda
The Japanese tried to capture Port Moresby by crossing Papua on the ________ Track.
Milne
Japanese ground forces suffered their first major defeat at the battle of ________ Bay in August-September 1942
1943
Were the Australians MacArthur's spearhead force in 1943, 1944 or 1945?
29
Main US bomber used against Japanese home islands from late 1944: the B-___
mopping
In the last stages of the war Australian troops were reduced to '________-up' isolated but hard-fighting Japanese garrisons.
Kamikaze
Japanese suicide missions
All
Were one, none or all of these places on the Kokoda Track? Isurava, Imita, Deniki
Fuzzy
________ Wuzzies was a term given to locals who helped the Australians in Papua
Buna
Which of these places was a Japanese base in New Guinea: Truk, Tarawa, Buna
6
The Nazis murdered approximately ________ million Jews
Holocaust
Shoah is a term used by Jews for the wartime ________
Race
Is 'eugenics' a term connected with tactics, race, codebreaking or rationing?
Kristallnacht
German term for Night of the Broken Glass, November 1938
Ghettos
Term for small urban areas where Germans confined Jews
Auschwitz
Most famous Nazi extermination camp:________
Einsatzgruppen
SS killing squads in Russia were called '________'
Final Solution
At Wannsee in January 1942 the Nazis decided on a '______ __________ to the Jewish question'
Star
Under the Nazis, all Jews were required to wear a ________ of David
Potsdam
The ________ Declaration of July 1945 threatened Japan with destruction if it did not surrender
Manhattan
Codename for the American project to build the atomic bomb: The ________ Project
Einstein
Two physicists, Leo Szilard and Albert ________ encouraged Roosevelt to build the bomb
Truman
US President who permitted the dropping of the A-bombs
Flag
The battle of Iwo Jima is remembered largely because of a photo of marines holding a ________
Okinawa
Japanese island taken in bloody and huge-scale fighting in April-June 1945: ________
Downfall
The Allied plan to invade Japan in 1945 was called 'Operation __________'
Boy
The first atomic bomb dropped on Japan was called 'Little ______'
Nagasaki
The atomic bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and ________
August
Month in which the atomic bombs were dropped
Hirohito
Name of the emperor of Japan in World War II
RAAF
Which was most appealing to early Australian recruits: AIF, CMF, RAAF, RAN?
Chocos
What was the derogatory nickname given to militiamen, who were said to 'melt in the sun'?
Total
War involving all aspects of society came to be called '________ war'
Geneva
The ________ Convention offered protection to prisoners of war
Burma
An infamous building proect involving POWs was the ________ Railway
Dunlop
'Weary' ________ was an Australian doctor famous for courageously helping and protecting prisoners of the Japanese
Security
The National ________ Act gave the Federal government strong powers in wartime
Brisbane
Brawl between Australian and Amercan servicemen in November 1942: the Battle of ________
Internment
Confining people associated with an enemy nation to camps is called:________
Women
The WAAAF, AWAS, and WRANS were all organisations for ________
agriculture
Was the Australian Women's Land Army chiefly concerned with agriculture, administration or manufacture?
European
Aborigines could join the armed forces only if they were of 'substantially ________ descent'
Saunders
Reg ________ was the frst Aboriginal to become an Australian army officer
Pilot
Len Waters was the RAAF's only Aboriginal ________
Chifley
Was Australia's PM at the end of WWII Curtin, Menzies, Lyons or Chifley?
Evatt
A leading figure in the establishment of the United Nations was the Australian, 'Doc' ________
Changi
The main POW camp in Singapore was called ________
massacre
Was Sandakan the site of a battle, massacre or conference?
Zero
The main Japanese fighter plane, the ________ outperformed all its opponents early in the Pacific War
Guadalcanal
At the same time as the Kokoda campaign, were the Japanese fighting the Americans at Guadalcanal, Leyte or Tarawa?
Yalta
1945 Conference where the Allies decided to divide up Germany
France
Four powers who controlled postwar Germany: USSR, UK, USA and ________
Churchill
Famous as the originator of the term 'iron curtain'
Soviet
Berlin lay in the _________-controlled part of Germany
Blockade
In 1948, Stalin tried to _________ Berlin from Western aid
West
The Federal Republic of Germany was also known as _________ Germany
East
The German Democratic Republic was also known as _________ Germany
89
Years of the Berlin Wall - 1961-19__
Truman
America's attempt to 'contain' Communism was known as the _________ Doctrine
Marshall
The _________ Plan was an American program to give financial assistance to poor Western countries in danger of turning Communist
North
Kim Il Sung led _________ Korea
UN
In the Korean War, the South was supported by an alliance of _ _ forces
MacArthur
He commanded the United Nations forces in the Korean war
2
Was the war in Korea (write number): 1. Victory to the North; 2. Draw; 3. Victory to the South
Castro
Revolutionary who took over Cuba in 1959
Sugar
Cuba's main export in 1960s
Pigs
Failed attempt to defeat communists in Cuba 1961 - Bay of _________
Khrushchev
Soviet leader at time of Cuban Missile Crisis
Kennedy
US President in Cuban Missile Crisis
Sputnik
Name for first Soviet spacecraft
NASA
Space agency established by USA
1969
Year of moon landing
Malayan
In the _________ Emergency of the 1950s, Australian servicemen helped to defeat a Communist uprising
Cong
Communists in South Vietnam: Viet _________
Domino
Theory that Communism would spread from country to adjacent country
1972
Year Australian involvement in the Vietnam War ended
Orange
Defoliant in the Vietnam War: Agent_________
Napalm
Petroleum jelly used in bombs
Afghanistan
The USSR's war in _________ is often compared to the USA's war in Vietnam
Gorbachev
Soviet leader when Communism fell in 1991
Reagan
US President at the end of the Cold War
2001
Year of the September 11 attacks
New York
Headquarters city of the United Nations
150
Number associated with a sesquicentenary
Bourke
Was the governor who established the idea of 'terra nullius' Bligh, Phillip or Bourke?
Land
'Terra nullius' means 'nobody's ________'
Mourning
In 1938, Aborigines held a 'Day of ________' in Sydney
Apology
What did the Federal Government give the Stolen Generations in 2008?
Declaration
In 1948 the United Nations produced a Universal ________ of Human Rights
Evatt
Australian Herbert 'Doc' ________ took a leading role in the early UN
Inalienable
Which of these words means 'can't be taken away': inalienable, disenfranchised, indubitable
Equal
'All human beings are born free and _______ in dignity and rights'
Life
'Everyone has the right to _______ , liberty and security of person.'
Civil
'_______ rights' is a term for citizens' rights to have social and political freedom
White
The '_______ Australia' policy dominated Australian immigration until 1973
Segregation
A policy of separating groups on a racial or ethnic basis
Assimilation
Policy of integrating one culture into another
Missions
Part of the assimilation policy was the establishment of reserves and religious _______ for indigenous Australians
Census
Until 1967 Aborigines were not counted in the _______
State
After Federation, aboriginal affairs were chiefly the concern of _______ governments.
Apartheid
South African form of segregation
Mixed
Those who suffered as part of the Stolen Generations were mainly '_______ -race' children
Bringing
'_______ them Home' was a 1997 report on the Stolen Generations
Manifesto
Was the 1938 statement 'Aborigines Claim Citizen Rights' an edict, a bill, a petition or a manifesto?
Nicholls
Top Aboriginal footballer in 1930s; first Aboriginal knighted: Doug _______
Gilbert
Aboriginal fast bowler who impressed Bradman: Eddie _______
War
Participation in _______ in the 1940s helped promote the rights of African Americans and Indigenous Australians
Mabo
Pioneer in Aboriginal Land Rights: Eddie _________
Montgomery
Town in Alabama that featured in the bus boycotts
Parks
Rosa _________ is famous for her role in US civil rights
Freedom
Those who took buses into racist areas in the USA and Australia in the 1960s were _________ Riders
Crow
Segregationist laws in the southern United States were called Jim _________ laws
Brown
_________ vs the Board of Education was a US case that ended segregation in schools
Till
Emmett _________ was an African-American boy murdered in Mississippi
Murray
Eddie Mabo was from _________ Island
Arkansas
Little Rock High School in the state of _________ was a centre of attention in 1957
Eisenhower
President _________ called in troops to resolve the problems at Little Rock High School
Meredith
Riots occurred when James _________ tried to enrol at the University of Mississippi
Washington
In 1963 Martin Luther King led the March on _________
Johnson
President who oversaw the introduction of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
Dream
MLK's famous speech: I have a _________
1962
Year in which Aborigines were given the right to vote in federal elections.
1968
Year in which Aborigines became legally entitled to equal pay with other Australians: 1963, 1967 or 1968
Wave
The ____________ Hill station walk-off was a landmark in the struggle for indigenous rights
Gurindji
The ____________ Blues is a song celebrating the struggle of Indigenous people
Lingiari
Vincent ____________ took a leading role in the Wave Hill struggle
Whitlam
Prime Minister who intervened in the Wave Hill struggle
1976
Did the Aboriginal Land Rights (Northern Territory) Act came into effect in 1967, 1975, 1976 or 1992?
Kelly
'From Little Things Big Things Grow' was a song about the Wave Hill by Kev Carmody and Paul ____
Student
The group involved in the Australian Freedom Ride were called __________ Action for Aborigines
Perkins
Surname of the leader of the Australian Freedom Riders
Walgett
NSW town at the centre of the Freedom Riders struggle
RSL
The Freedom Riders concentrated on this club which would not permit Aborigines to join it
Pool
In Moree the Freedom Riders attacked the ban on local Aborigines using the public_____
Holt
Prime Minister who organised the 1967 Referendum
90
Rough percentage of people who voted Yes in the 1967 Referendum
self
The Whitlam government announced the principle of _________-determination for Aboriginal Affairs policy
Fraser
Prime Minister whose government passed the Aboriginal Land Rights Act
Tent
Aborigines established the 'Aboriginal __________ Embassy'
Militant
Were those who established the Tent Embassy most interested in a militant, non-violent or legislative approach?
Sacred
Those who established the Tent Embassy emphasised the importance of preserving sites ________ to Aborigines
Thomas
Harold ____________ designed the Aboriginal flag
Yellow
Three colours of the Aboriginal flag: black, ____________ and red
Crown
The High Court ruled that native title only applied to land not already sold or given away: ___________ land
Native
Land rights of indigenous groups: __________ title
Torres
Eddie Mabo's home island was in the ___________ Strait
Wik
The 1996 case relating to pastoral leases is known as the _ _ _ case
Reduce
Did the Native Title Amendment Bill reduce, increase or maintain native title?
O'Donoghue
Lowitja ___________ is an outstanding indigenous Australian, named Australian of the Year in 1992
Rudd
Prime minister who made the nation's apology on Sorry Day
Reconciliation
Term for improving relations between white and indigenous Australians
ATSIC
Main representative body for Indigenous Australians 1990-2004
Memphis
City in which Martin Luther King was assassinated
Redfern
Prime Minister Keating's _________ Park speech of 1992 acknowledged white mistakes
Howard
Prime Minister who argued that the current generation need not apologise for the misdeeds of earlier generations' treatment of Aborigines
Armband
Geoffrey Blainey introduced the concept of 'Black ________ History'
Historian
Is Keith Windshuttle a politician, historian or Aboriginal?
Freeman
Indigenous athlete who featured in the 2000 Olympics
Canada
Country where First Nations, Inuit and Metis are the indigenous people
Maori
Indigenous people of New Zealand
Intervention
Usual term for the Northern Territory National Emergency Response of 2007: the ________
Displaced
People forced to leave their country because of war or persecution: _________ persons
Perish
'Populate or _________' was a slogan of the Chifley government
Calwell
Australia's first Minister for Immigration
Boom
Spike in birth rates after World War II: Baby _________
Chifley
Labor PM at end of World War II
Immigration
The Labor government created the Department of _________ in 1945
Snowy
The _________ Mountain Scheme was created to develop hydro-electric power
Communism
Political belief which post-1945 immigrants were expected to reject
Baltic
Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia were on this sea
Poms
British immigrants who were helped to come to Australia were known as 10 pound _____
Census
One occurred in 1947 and 1996
Restriction
The Immigration ________ Act of 1901 was designed to keep out non-whites
Dictation
A test of this type was part of the 1901 Immigration Act
Communist
After the Chinese Civil War, China became _______
1949
Year in which the Chinese Civil War ended
Nixon
The first US president to recognise China
Whitlam
PM when Australia recognised Communist China
Korea
Place where Australians fought as part of a UN force in a war in the early 1950s
Malaya
Place where Australians supported British forces against communist insurgents
SEATO
Anti-communist alliance in south-east Asia
Colombo
Australia's _________________ Plan focussed on educating visiting Asians
Holt
Under the Menzies government, this minister allowed some non-European refugees and Japanese war brides into Australia
Migration
The dictation test was abolished in 1958 in the _____________ Act
Integrate
From 1966 the ability to do this became the key criterion for migration
Race
In 1973 the Whitlam government instructed embassies to ignore this as a criterion when selecting migrants
Fraser
This PM's government was the first to allow Indo-Chinese refugees into Australia in large numbers
East Timor
Many refugees from this part of Indonesia came to Australia from 1975
Afghanistan
Many immigrants fled from the Taliban in this country
Somalia
An African country where civil war led to many refugees coming to Australia
Tiananmen
A massacre here led the Hawke government to give permanent residency to many Chinese students
Segregation
Which is the odd one out? Assimilation, integration, segregation
shock
The feeling of being in an unfamiliar culture is sometimes called 'culture_____'
Monoculturalism
Opposite of 'multiculturalism'
Grassby
Whitlam's Minister for Immigration, Al ________
Bipartisan
Actions agreed on by both parties are said to have _______ agreement
Discrimination
In 1975 the Whitlam government passed the Racial _____________ Act
Blainey
Controversial historian Geoffrey _______ argued that multiculturalism threatened Australia's social cohesion
Mandatory
Prime Minister Keating introduced ______ detention for asylum seekers
Circumstances
'We will decide who comes to this country and the ______ in which they come'
Pacific
PM Howard proposed the '______ solution'
Iraq
Since 2001 most asylum seekers have come from Sri Lanka, Afghanistan and _____
Hanson
'One Nation' was a party opposed to Asian immigration and led by Pauline ___
Tampa
The 2001 _____ crisis revolved around the rescue of asylum seekers aboard the 'Palapa'
Nauru
Pacific island to which Coalition and Labor governments have sent asylum seekers
Overboard
The 'children _____ ' controversy concerned SIEV 4, or the Olong, and HMAS Adelaide
Cold
The Vietnam War was part of the wider '_____ War'
1975
Year in which the Vietnam War ended with the reunification of North and South
French
The 1954 battle of Dien Bien Phu saw the ejection of the ______ from Vietnam
Guerrilla
Viet Cong's style of fighting
Tonkin
American involvement in Vietnam was prompted by the ______ Incident
Domino
Australian involvement in Vietnam owed much to its subscription to the _____ Theory
500
Number of Australians killed in Vietnam, to nearest 100
Tet
The ____ Offensive is seen as a turning point in the Vietnam War
Saigon
Capital of South Vietnam
Re-education
After their victory, the Communists sent many South Vietnamese to ______ camps
Refugees
Asylum seekers who are found to be in genuine danger in their homeland are called _____
Asylum
Those who flee their country in the hope of being recognised as refugees are classed initially as ______ seekers
Vietnam
The first 'boat people' since World War II came from _____ in the 1970s
Nam
____ Le is a fine Australian writer who was born in Vietnam
Pirates
_____ frequently attacked Vietnamese boat people
2nd
Among all nations, was Australia 1st, 2nd, 3rd or 4th in the number of Vietnamese boat people it accepted?