MaGruder's American Government Ch. 13 The Presidency

From Magruders American Government
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Chief of State
The ceremonial head of government, symbol of the people
Chief Executive
Broad power in domestic and foreign affairs.
Chief Citizen
Works for and represents the public interest.
Chief Administrator
Director of the Federal Government, in which he directs the large government bureaucracy
Chief Diplomat
Architect of foreign policy
Commander in Chief
Head of the country's armed forces
Chief Legislator
Shapes the congressional agenda, architect of public policy.
Chief of Party
Leader of the political party that controls the executive branch.
National Convention
The meeting at which delegates cast their votes to select a candidate for President.
14
One must have been a resident of the U.S. for how many years to run for President?
Native Born
A person has to be a ____ _____ citizen to run for President
4
The President's term is how many years?
2
The President can be elected for how many terms?
10
What is the maximum number of years a President can serve?
Ordinance Power
executive orders, have the power of law
Appointment power
presidential assignment of many top-ranked offices in the government
Removal power
The President's power to remove appointed positions. .
Power to make treaties
president's power to make international agreements that must be confirmed by 2/3 of Senate.
Executive agreements
Routine international Agreements that do not need senate approval
Power of recognition
Presidential acknowledgement of a country and its government
Line-item veto
President can veto individual lines or items within a piece of legislation without vetoing the entire bill. (declared unconstitutional)
Reprieve
postpone the punishment of a convicted criminal, such as an execution
Pardon
legal forgiveness of a crime
Clemency
Mercy or leniency only in cases involving federal crimes
commutation
reduce the length of a sentence or a fine
amnesty
blanket pardon offered to a group of law violators
electoral college
the body of electors who formally elect the United States president and vice-president
Presidential primary
an election in which a party's voters select a candidate to run for president
winner-take-all
the candidate who wins the popular vote in a state recieves all of the state's electoral votes
proportional representation
representation of all parties in proportion to their popular vote
presidential succession
scheme by which a presidential vacancy is filled
top 4 people in line to be President
vice president, speaker of the house, president pro tempore of the Senate, secretary of state
3 roles of vice president
President in waiting, President of the Senate, helps decide question of presidential disability
3 options for President when given a bill
sign it, veto it, do nothing
Congress
decides President's annual salary
House of Representatives
Chooses President if no candidate receives enough electoral votes to win an election
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