Words that express general ideas or concepts. (metaphorically diction: light means wisdom, light means truth.
a reference in work of literature to something outside the work, especially to a well-known historical or literary event, person, or work.
It's a very human personification. Giving things that shouldn't be human, human abilities. Examples: Spongebob eating hamburgers and talking.
A nickname associated with a certain character. Dog is man's best friend. Calling the creature demon or wretch.
a figure of speech characterized by strongly contrasting words, clauses, sentences, or ideas, as in "Man proposes; God disposes." balancing one term against another for emphasis.
a figure of speech in which someone, some abstract quality, or a nonexistent personage is directly addressed as though present.
a four-line stanza rhymed abcd with four feet in lines one and three and three feet in lines two and four.
a pause, usually near the middle of a line of verse, usually indicated by the sense of the line, and often greater than the normal pause.
an unusual or startling analogy pointing to a striking parallel between two seemingly dissimilar things. comparing his soul and his wife's to legs of a mathematical compass.
devices of sound
rhyme, alliteration, assonance, consonance, and onomatopoeia. The techniques of deploying the sound of words, especially in poetry.
a poem which employs a dramatic form or some element or elements of dramatic techniques as a means of achieving poetic ends.
a sustained and formal poem setting for the poet's meditations upon death or another solemn theme.
a line with a pause at the end. Lines that end with a period, a comma, a colon, a semicolon, an exclamation point, or a question mark.
the continuation of the sense and grammatical construction from one line of poetry to the next.
"Or if Sion hill
Delight thee more"
an implied analogy, or comparison, which is carried throughout a stanza or an entire poem.
rhyme that appears correct from spelling, but is half-rhyme or slant rhyme from the pronunciation. (watch and match, love and move)
a rhyme of two syllables, one stressed and one unstressed, sometimes called double rhyme. "audition and rendition"
two end-stopped iambic pentameter lines rhymed aa, bb, cc with the thought usually completed in the two-line unit. "But when to mischief mortals bend their will,
How soon they find fit instruments of ill!"
the sensory details of a work. When AP asks you to discuss this, look carefully at sensory details, metaphors, and similes.
any short poem that presents a single speaker who expresses thoughts and feelings. (sonnets and odes are a form of this)
rhyme that falls on the stressed and concluding syllables of the rhyme-words. (keep and sleep) (glow and no)
the repetition of a regular rhythmic unit in a line of poetry. each unit of ____ is known as a foot.
a figure of speech which is characterized by the substitution of a term naming an object closely associated with the word in mind for the word itself. The kind is the "crown"
a non-dramatic poem which tells a story or presents a narrative, whether simple or complex, long or short. (epics and ballads are a form of this)
a similar grammatical structure within a line or lines of poetry. You need to work quickly and decisively. My fellow Americans, ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country
a restatement of an idea in such a way as to retain the meaning while changing the diction and form.
a group of syllables in verse usually consisting of one accented syllable and one or two unaccented syllables associated with it.
a group of words forming a phrase or sentence and consisting of one or more lines repeated at intervals in a poem, usually at the end of a stanza.
a type of irony in which a person appears to be praising something but is actually insulting it. Its purpose is to injure or to hurt.
writing that seeks to arouse a reader's disapproval of an object by ridicule. usually a comedy that exposes erros with an eye to correct vice and folly.
a system for describing the meter of a poem by identifying the number and the types of feet per line.
the management of language for a special effect. The planned placing of elements to achieve an effect. also known as rhetorical ________.
the arrangement of materials within a work; the relationship of the parts of a work to the whole; the logical divisions of a work.
a form of metaphor which in mentioning a part signifies the whole. "field hands" for manual laborers.
the manner in which an author expresses his or her attitude; the intonation of the voice that expresses meaning. the result of allusion, diction, figurative language, imagery, irony, symbol, syntax, and style.
the kind of irony that deliberately represents something as being much less than it really is.
a nineteen-line poem divided into five tercets and a final quatrain. uses only two rhymes repeated as: aba, aba, aba,aba,aba,abaa
The concluding action of a drama, especially a classical tragedy, following the climax and containing a resolution of the plot.
A literary structure used by Homer and other writers, including some Biblical authors, in which parallel ideas are first stated in one order, and then repeated in reverse order.
The decisive moment and the turning point of the action in the plot of a play or story. The part which determines the outcome of the conflict.
The struggle between opposing forces that provide the central action and interest in any literary plot.
A movement in literary criticism which denies that literature has any objective enduring, or universal meaning. disassembling old ways of thinking (political motives)
A literary device in which the author creates a temporary departure from the main subject or narrative in order to focus on a related matter.
The literary device of creating a larger story for the purpose of combining a number of shorter stories in a unity.
A literary movement in the early 20th century which prided itself on its novelty in breaking away from the established rules and traditions.
That atmosphere of a literary work with the intention of evoking a certain emotion from the audience. may be created by setting, voice, tone, and theme.
A term used for the pessimistic, contemporary worldview which began in the 1960's, rejecting tradition, resisting authority, and denying purpose in life and literature. Postmodern literature tends to focus upon how institutions use power to deny individuals their freedom.