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GAVS Health Disease and Disease Prevention
Terms in this set (50)
The type of heart surgery that involves taking arteries from a person's leg(s) and using these arteries as healthy arteries around the heart is called?
Coronary Bypass Surgery
Any total cholesterol level under 220 should be considered a good cholesterol level.
For which type of pathogens do immunizations/vaccinations help prevent?
Overall, what is the number one cause of death in the United States?
Cardiovascular (Heart) Disease
Overdependence on antibiotics has resulted in some pathogens mutating into new forms that are harder to defeat, commonly referred to as bacterial resistance.
Sean is 5 years old and has just been diagnosed with diabetes. He will have to take insulin injections the rest of his life in order to regulate his body's sugar levels. Which of the following information is true about Sean's diabetic condition?
1) Sean has Type I diabetes.
2) Sean will have to be sure to eat meals and snacks regularly.
3) Sean's pancreas is not making insulin.
ALL OF THE ABOVE
Which of the following risk factors would put a person at risk for developing osteoporosis?
1) a thin/slender build
2) being Caucasian or Asian
3) early menopause
ALL OF THE ABOVE
Of the following risks for CVD, which is not under a person's control?
Which blood pressure measurement is most important in determining whether a person's blood pressure is healthy or not?
the diastolic blood pressure
To reduce the risk of atherosclerosis, it is important to cut down on?
The most common site of cancer in females is?
Tuberculosis, meningitis, and pneumonia are all examples of what type of pathogen?
Type I diabetes is completely preventable.
Malaria, African sleeping sickness, and trichomoniasis are all examples of what type of pathogen?
What part of the immune system stimulates B-cell multiplication to prevent harm by a pathogen?
The part of the immune system responsible for digesting pathogens once they have been destroyed by the body is?
A pap smear is an example of what concept associated with cancer?
a biopsy, thus early detection
Of the following, which is an early sign (indication) that you may have osteoporosis?
Usually there are no early signs for osteoporosis
The type of diabetes that some women develop during a pregnancy is ?
A stroke occurs when an artery that directly feeds into the heart muscle has become completely blocked.
What does the "N" stand for in the C.A.U.T.I.O.N. cancer acronym?
1) new lump in breast or testicle
NAGGING COUGH OR HOARSENESS
3) not able to sleep
4) none of the above
Teens' cholesterol levels should be the same as an adult s cholesterol.
Testicular cancer affects primarily men over 50 years of age.
How does a cancer spread from one part of the body (the primary site) to another part (secondary site)?
1) the cancer moves through the process of digestion
2) the cancer spreads through the lymph
3) the cancer spreads through the blood vessels
THE CANCER SPREADS THROUGH BOTH LYMPH AND BLOOD VESSELS
Which of the following is a source of parasitic worms?
1) raw eggs
2) not washing your hands
3) eating liver
4) *****CONTAMINATED (UNCOOKED) MEATS)
Heredity has little affect towards your cholesterol level.
Which of the following is/are example(s) of lymphocytes?
T- and B-cells
The warning signs of cancer include all of the following except?
1) unusual bleeding
2) a sore that won't heal
3) a change in wart or mole
What is the best way to increase your HDL (high density lipoprotein) levels?
Which of the following foods are good sources of calcium that could be used to prevent osteoporosis?
ALL OF THE ABOVE
Lifestyle choices have a much greater effect on your level of health than any other factor.
Janet was diagnosed with breast cancer nine months ago. Unfortunately, she did not detect this problem early enough. Now the cancer has spread to her lymph glands as well. What is this process called when cancer "spreads" to other (secondary) sites in the body?
3) lymphatic cancer
Of the following, which is the best reason for why a woman's risk for cardiovascular disease increases after menopause?
her body has stopped producing estrogen
If a person is diagnosed with a benign tumor, he/she will have to begin some form of cancer treatment.
A desirable blood pressure is ?
1) 200 or less
4) None of the above
When a person has a diabetic emergency, he/she may have slurred speech.
The suffix "-ectomy" means "removal of".
Each of the following may increase your chance of developing long-term hypertension except:
1) a high sodium diet
3) being overweight
4) lack of regular exercise
For teenagers, it is recommended that their blood pressure be checked?
every 12 months
Teenagers, especially females, need between 1200-1500 milligrams of calcium from their diet each day.
The most common site of cancer in men is __________?
When is the best time for a female to perform breast self examinations?
one week after she finishes menstruating
You can get sick from being outside on a cold, windy day without a coat on.
The type of cancer responsible for causing the most deaths for males and females is ?
2) colorectal cancer
3) prostate cancer
4) breast cancer
The cold and flu medicines you can buy over the counter will help a person get over their illness faster.
What part of the immune system is responsible for destroying or neutralizing pathogens that have entered the body?
What is the best way to treat a bacterial infection (an infection caused by bacterial pathogen)?
1) plenty of rest and fluids
TAKE AN ANTIBIOTIC
3) get a vaccination
4) "let it run its course"
Lung cancer is the most common site of cancer in women.
The best place for men to practice testicular self exams is in the shower.
What does the "B" stand for in the melanoma "ABCD" acronym?
2) between 1/4-1/2 centimeter in size
3) brittle skin
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