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16 terms

Chapter 22: The Sun-Earth-Moon System Review

STUDY
PLAY
Day
The Earth rotates on its axis once every _____.
Summer Solstice
In the northern hemisphere, the _____ occurs on June 21 or 22.
Solstices
When the sun is at its most northern or southern position from the equator.
Equinox
When the sun is directly over the equator.
Full moon
When the surface of the moon that faces the Earth is lit up, there is a _____.
Maria
_____ are dark-colored, relatively flat regions of the moon's surface formed when interior lava filled large basins.
Solar eclipse
A _____ occurs when the moon moves directly between the sun and Earth and casts a shadow on the Earth.
Axis
The imaginary line around which Earth spins is called its _____.
Revolution
The yearly orbit of earth around the sun is called its _____.
South
In the northern hemisphere, the winter solstice occurs when the sun reaches its furthest point _____.
Waning crescent
The phase of the moon that immediately precedes the new moon is the _____.
Gibbous
More of the lighted surface of the moon is facing Earth.
Lunar eclipse
A _____ occurs when the moon travels into the Earth's shadow.
New moon
Phase in which the lit side of the moon is facing away from the Earth.
Spring equinox
_____ occurs on March 20 or 21 in the northern hemisphere.
Seasons
The _____ are caused by the tilt of the Earth.