5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- who are stoics and what do they believe?
- who had voting rights in the roman republic?
- what were the problems that Rome faced, why they existed, and how they contributed to the fall of the empire?
- what is the Pax Romana? and who led rome into it?
- why did rome drive tarquin from power? (government guided by what?)
- a he ruled with a harsh hand or cruelly. they never went back to having a king instead they created a republic government.
- b average citizens. wealthy people and noble families did have a big influence though. the free-born male had the right to vote. women had few rights.
- c pax romana was a long period time of roman peace and prosperity. this happened when augustus was in power.
- d economic problems happened because they stopped expanding the empire which meant that there was no new sources of wealth. so people had higher taxes to pay which was hard for many citizens. social- poor people found it harder to pay for education and communication was bad so many people would not find out about civic matters. agriculture- no new technology so the soil became hard to use (warfare + overuse). military- soldiers began to be less loyal and disciplined to rome and more to individual military leaders. political- people became less loyal and officials became more interested in money then rome. people no longer were willing to sacrifice for the good of rome.
- e stoics are people that believe in stoicism. stoicism is the philosophy created by a greek philosopher zeno that stresses the importance of virtue, duty, and endurance in life. citizens should have these qualities.
5 Multiple choice questions
- the capitol stood in between europe and southwest asia. because of this it was a busy center of business and trade. merchants sold stuff on the streets from distant corners of asia, africa, and europe.
- justinian code- many codes of laws have gotten help from this. christianity- people still practice it today. mosaics- people still make them today. sculptures- are still made today. we still speak the european languages. we still use vaults domes and arches. and aqueducts. we still use roads.the principles of roman law helped to form the basis of legal systems in many euro. countries and the usa.
- augustus- pax romana under his power. created good government. his rule had greatest extent of its size and influence. constantine- stopped attacks on christians, and moved the capital from rome to byzantine ( then came known as constantinople) justinian- expanded and recaptured land. created the justinian code. created beautiful buildings (Hagia Sophia- beautiful church) diocletian-split rome into east and west. restored order by ruling with tolerating little opposition.
- they did not wanted to be ruled by a king. this way citizens had a voice in their government and no person had all the power.
- the christians
5 True/False questions
who is justinian and what did he do? → he was a powerful ruler of the byzantine empire. he recaptured lost land and expanded the empire. he created a code of laws called the justinian code that regulated much of the byzantine life. he also made a impressive palace for him and his wife theodora.
why did christianity threaten the roman empire? → it threatened because all of the fighting could make it easy for attack and it also could make the government weak. people could break out into war.
in what ways did the use of slave labor hurt roman agriculture and the roman empire? → the soil became difficult to farm on because of warfare and overuse. because slaves worked in the fields romans had no interest in inventing new tools. however no technology could have helped to save the soil. disease and hunger spread throughout the empire and many people died
what is the date of the fall of the western roman empire? → 476
what caused the transition from Roman Republic to Roman Empire? → 476