17 terms

Psych Ch.1 - Introduction

STUDY
PLAY
psychology
the scientific study of human and animal behavior
theory
a general framework for scientific study, allows us to make predictions, smaller parts of this can be tested
research psychologists
psychologists who apply their skills to discovering and testing theories about behavior
applied psychologists
psychologists who make direct use of other psychologists findings and deal directly with clients
psychiatrist
a psychologist (M.D.) who has undergone medical school training and can prescribe medicine
Darwin (Charles)
he was important to psychology because his theories showed that we could learn about human behavior by studying animals
Wundt (Wilhelm)
developed the first laboratory dedicated to the psychological study of humans, father of psychology
introspection
psychological measurement technique, looking into yourself and describing your sensations and feelings
James (William)
famous early American psychologist known for his emphasis on studying humans as "wholes" not looking at one aspect of them alone
Watson (John)
the first behaviorist, he studied the effects of learning on behavior
eclecticism
the process of making your own theory by borrowing parts from two or more other theories
neurobiological approach (biological approach)
approach to psychology that views behavior as the result of nervous system functions and physiological processes
behavioral approach
perspective on psychology that ses behavior as the product of learning and associations, studies only overt behaviors
Skinner (B.F.)
famous behaviorist who studied operant conditioning and discounted free will
humanistic approach
approach to psychology that sees humans as basically good and striving to reach their ideal self
cognitive approach
approach to psychology that emphasizes our thought processes and how we uniquely perceive the world and how this affects our personality
sociocultural approach
newer approach to psychology that believes behaviors are primarily developed by the different groups we belong to and how the create our personality