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crude and taunting use of apparent praise for dispraise - "Oh, you're God's gift to women, are you!" (a form of irony)
the literary art ridiculing a subject by making it ridiculous and evoking attitudes of amusement or contempt
excess emotion to an occasion, especially to an overindulgence in the intended emotions of pathos or sympathy
the time, place, and natural environment in which all characters live and move, including all artifacts they use in their lives
the social locale and circumstances in which a narrative's actions occur historical setting the period of historical time in which a narrative is set
an often intentional change in anything - point of view, scenery, mood, etc.; can often be intended as a device
a form of discourse in which a character reveals his or her thoughts when alone unaware of the presence of other characters
a lyric poem consisting of a single stanza of fourteen iambic pentameter lines linked by an intricate rhyme scheme; Elizabethan and Petrarchan being the predominant forms
a foot of two successive syllables with approximately equal strong stresses Good strong thick stupefying incense smoke (Browning)
a character who is so ordinary and unoriginal that he or she seems to have been cast in a mold; a representative character; see character definition
stream of consciousness
a narrative method using long passages of introspection; used to describe the unbroken flow of perceptions, thought, and feelings in the waking mind
the form or overall design and arrangement of material in a work; the organizing principles in a work of literature
the modes and devices of expression in prose or verse. Thus diction, grammatical constructions, figurative language, alliteration and other sound patterns all enter into style.
in double plots (of Elizabethan drama), a second story that is complete and interesting in its own right
a logical scheme of a formal argument consisting of a major and a minor premise and a conclusion which must logically be true if the premises are true
descriptions of one kind of sensation in terms of another; using one sensory experience todescribe another; for example, description of sound in terms of color - "the scarlet horns and pastel strings"
a part of something is used to signify the whole or vice versa -- 'ten hands' meaning ten workmen, 'new wheels' meaning new car
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