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Chapter 1: Environmental Problems, their Causes, and Sustainability
Terms in this set (51)
the variety of life in the world or in a particular habitat or ecosystem.
pollution that is rendered harmless by natural processes and so causes no permanent harm.
the arts and other manifestations of human intellectual achievement regarded collectively.
the country is advanced in terms of infrastructure, industrialization, income, and standards of living.
Countries that don't have the necessary equipment that they should have. AFRICA
the impact of a person or community on the environment, expressed as the amount of land required to sustain their use of natural resources.
ecological tipping point
When the impact of the person using all the ecological resources, is effected.
the branch of biology that deals with the relations of organisms to one another and to their physical surroundings.
When a person or type of government is building their economy and income.
When a person or type of government is growing their wealth/ economy
the surroundings or conditions in which a person, animal, or plant lives or operates.
When the environment starts to degrade and basically rot with lack of species and resources.
the part of environmental philosophy which considers extending the traditional boundaries of ethics from solely including humans to including the non-human world
a branch of biology focused on the study of the relationships of the natural world and the relationships between organisms and their environments.
environmental wisdom worldview
We are part of and dependent on nature and it exists for all species, not just us. Success depends on how well we sustain the earth
collective beliefs and values that give people a sense of how the world works, their role in the environment, and right and wrong behavior toward the environment.
concern about and action aimed at protecting the environment
environmentally sustainable society
protect natural capital and live of the resources and services it provides. CONCEPT 1-4 Living sustainably means living off the earth's natural income without depleting or degrading the natural capital that supplies it.
growth whose rate becomes ever more rapid in proportion to the growing total number or size.
gross domestic product (GDP)
Gross domestic is a monetary measure of the market value of all the final goods and services produced in a period of time.
input pollution control
Device, process, or strategy used to prevent a potential pollutant from forming or entering the environment or to sharply reduce the amount entering the environment.
Countries that have some resources, but not all of them
Countries that have resources almost as much as fully developed countries.
Natural capital can be defined as the world's stocks of natural assets which include geology, soil, air, water and all living things.
Natural Income is the annual yield from such sources of natural capital - timber, ores, fish and plants, respectively, relative to the examples above.
Resources that arent made. The earth produced them.
ecosystem services are grouped into four broad categories: provisioning, such as the production of food and water; regulating, such as the control of climate and disease; supporting, such as nutrient cycles and oxygen production; and cultural, such as spiritual and recreational benefits
A pollutant that is not broken down by natural processes. Some nondegradable pollutants, like the heavy metals , create problems because they are toxic and persistent in the environment . Others, like synthetic plastics , are a problem because of their sheer volume.
a source of pollution that issues from widely distributed or pervasive environmental elements
Resources that can not be used more than once.
the movement and exchange of organic and inorganic matter back into the production of matter.
an individual animal, plant, or single-celled life form.
output pollution control
Device or process that removes or reduces the level of a pollutant after it has been produced or has entered the environment. Examples include automobile emission control devices and sewage treatment plants.
per capita ecological footprint
The Ecological Footprint per capita is a nation's total Ecological Footprint divided by the total population of the nation. To live within the means of our planet's resources, the world's Ecological Footprint would have to equal the available biocapacity per person on our planet, which is currently 1.7 global hectares.
per capita GDP
Per capita GDP is a measure of the total output of a country that takes the gross domestic product (GDP) and divides it by the number of people in that country.
perpetual resource has a never-ending supply. Some examples of perpetual resources include solar energy, tidal energy, and wind energy.
planetary management worldview
Those who ascribe to this viewpoint believe that humans are the world's most important species and thus should manage Earth's resources for our own benefit
a source of energy, such as light or sound, that can be regarded as having negligible dimensions.
Many types including, plastic waste, oil spills, and car emissions
The effort involving avoiding ecosystematic catastrophe, like car emissions, and oil spills.
A term used to describe the process of preventing pollution. Cutting down on specific resources to drop pollution.
A term used to describe something or someone that isnt taking care of it or themselfs
A type of waste distribution in the way of renewing into useful products
When a source can be used more than once.
A term used to describe the power or fuel behind soemthing
When you can use a certain thing more than once.
the networks of relationships among people who live and work in a particular society, enabling that society to function effectively.
A term used to describe different type of organism within the ecosystem.
Those who have a stewardship worldview believe that we have an ethical responsibility to be caring managers, or stewards of the Earth and its finite resources.
the ability to be maintained at a certain rate or level.
The sustainable yield of natural capital is the ecological yield that can be extracted without reducing the base of capital itself, i.e. the surplus required to maintain ecosystem services at the same or increasing level over time.
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