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Old Regime

system of feudalism


social class of people

Louis XVI

weak king who came to French throne in 1774

Marie Antoinette

unpopular queen; wife of Louis XVI


Assembly of representatives from all three estates

National Assembly

French congress established by representatives of the Third Estate

Tennis Court Oath

promise made by Third Estate representatives to draw up a new constitution

Great Fear

wave of panic

Legislative Assembly

assembly that replaced the National Assembly in 1791


nobles and others who left France during the peasent uprisings and who hoped to come back to restore the old system


machine for beheading people

Maximilien Robespierre

revolutionary leader who tried to wipe out every trace of France's past monarchy and nobility

Regin of Terror

period of Robespierre's rule

Napoleon Bonaparte

military leader who seized power in France

coup d'etat

a sudden takeover of a government

Napoleonic Code

complete set of laws set up by Napoleon that eliminated many injustices

Battle of Trafalgar

British defeat of Napoleon's forces at sea

Continental system

Napoleon's policy of preventing trade and communication between Great Britain and other European nations

Peninsular War

War that Napoleon fought in Spain


battle in Belgium that was Napoleon's final defeat

Hundred Days

Napoleon's last bid for power, which ended at Waterloo

Congress of Vienna

meetings in Vienna for the purpose of restoring order to Europe

Klemens von Metternich

key leader at the Congress of Vienna

Concert of Europe

series of alliances to help prevent revolution

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