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Human Diseases and Conditions Ch. 9 &10
Terms in this set (59)
Primary function of the lungs
Maintenance of pH balance in the blood
Dome shaped muscle that assists with respiration
2 causes of respiratory failure
Inability to ventilate and impairment of alvcolar-atrial gas exchange
Most common cause of sinusitis
Do nasal tend to recur after surgical removal
Yes they tend to recur
A nosebleed is considered an emergency when
it persists for 10 min or more
Most common symptom of laryngeal neoplasms
dysphonia (difficulty speaking)
Pulmonary embolism occurs when
a clot of foreign material lodges in and occludes an artery in pulmonary circulation
Where do the majority of pulmonary emboli originate
A deep vein in the leg
Pleurisy signs and symptoms
Sharp needle-like pain that increases with inspiration and coughing
2 types of pleurisy
wet and dry
Intradermal test used to detect tuberculin antibodies
The Mantoux test
From 1982-85 what caused the increase of TB in the US
Immigration from Asia, South, and Central America
Who is considered at risk for aspiration pneumonia
Patients that have trouble swallowing, elderly, cancer patients, stroke, and parkinsons patients.
Oxygen inhaled from the air is exchanged with carbon dioxide from the blood.
The diaphragm contracts pulling downward causing air to be sucked into the lungs
The diaphragm relaxes pushing upwards and forcing air out of the lungs.
Ordinary cold clears up in how many days
4 to 5 days
Possible complications of influenza
Bronchitis, sinusitis, otitis media, and cervical lymphandenopathy
Pulmonary TB is acquired by
the inhalation of a dried droplet nucleus that contains the tubercle bacillus
Nasal polyps protrude into
the nasal cavity
Infectious monoucleosis is cause by
Organism specific antibiotics are used to treat
Sinusitis treatments include
sinusotomy, antibiotics, decongestants, and nasal spray.
How much blood does the heart pump throughout the body each minute
What is the FIRST symptom of coronary artery disease?
Potential to be at risk for coronary artery disease
40 years or older, men, postmenopausal women, Caucasians, and those with a genetic predisposition.
Pain that is experienced with angina pectoris
sudden left sided chest pain
Percentage of death that occurs in the first hour of MI
How do you attempt to reverse cardiac arrest
CPR and defibillation with an AED
Most prevalent cardiovascular disorder in the US
Coronary Artery Disease
Essential hypertension symptoms
headaches, nosebleed, lightheaded, and syncope
Are people always aware they have hypertension?
Cardiac test that helps evaluate the cardiac chamber size, ventricular function, disease of the myocardium, valves, cardiac strictures, and pericardium
A person with pulmonary edema may have what kind of skin
Cold and clammy
What type of growths on the cardiac valves characterize endocarditis
Before dental work a person with endocarditis should
take prophylactic antibiotics
Cardiac arrhythmia diagnostic test
Three forms of arteriosclerosis
Atherosclerosis, Monkbergs arteriosclerosis, arteriosclerosis
Possible etiology of varicose veins
defective or absent valves
The components of blood include
Red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets, and plasma.
Hemolytic anemia cause?
Abnormal destruction of RBC's
Leukemias are classified by
Cell type and degree of differentiation of the neoplastic cells.
Cardiac muscle is composed of
striated muscle cells.
First sign of hypertension
Elevated blood pressure readings.
Almost 1/3 of all deaths in western countries are attributed to
Lymphedema causes swelling of
Cardiac arrhythmia's are the result of?
Interference of the conduction system of the heart.
Primary function of the pulmonary system is?
Ventilation and Respiration.
cold, nose picking, direct trauma, and foreign body.
Growths or tumors on the larynx may be either
Benign or malignant
It is the leading cause of death world wide and the sixth leading cause of death in the US
Influenza prevention and who is advised to
Vaccines, Health care workers, people over 50, and patients with chronic pulmonary or cardiac disorder.
The most common cause of cancer death world wide for both men and women. 30% of cancer deaths
Abnormally fast heart beat >100
abnormally slow heartbeat <60
Symptoms that tend to recur in patients with cardiovascular disease include
Chest pain, dyspnea, tachypnea, palpitations, cyanosis, edema, fatigue.
History and physical exam, chest x-ray, ECG
Directed at reducing the workload of the heart and increasing its efficiency.
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