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27 terms

6th Grade Social Studies-Ch. 5 Ancient China

STUDY
PLAY
physical geography of China
created natural barriers to the outside world
along rivers
where first farming settlements of China developed
the center of early Chinese society
the family
Who taught that loyalty and respect within the family would spread to society at large
Confucius
poor young men could hold government jobs because...
the examinations were based on Confucius's teachings
outlawed the teachings of Confucius
Shi Huangdi
main goal of this emperor was to expand the Chinese empire by conquering other lands
Wudi
invention of paper happened during which dynasty
Han
why did the influence of Confuciansim grow during Han dynasty
to bring back the respect for tradition
currency
the kind of money used by a group or a nation
warlord
a leader of an armed group
silk
a valuable cloth originally made only in China from threads spun by caterpillars called silkworms
Shi Huangdi
emperor of the Qin dynasty; was the first to unify the Chinese empire
Liu Bang
founder of the Han dynasty of China in 202 B.C.; born a peasant; stabilized the government and promoted education
Wudi
Chinese emperor from 140 B.C. to 86 B.C.; brought the Han dynasty to its peak; expanded the Chinese empire; made Confucianism the state religion
Sima Qian
Chinese scholar, astronomer, and historian; wrote the most important history of ancient China, "Historical Records"
silk road
an ancient trade route between China and Europe
loess
yellow-brown soil
dike
a protective wall that controls or holds back water
extended family
closely related people of several generations, such as brothers and sisters, parents, uncles and aunts, cousins, grandparents, and great-grandparents
civil service
the group of people whose job is to carry out the work of government
Confucius
great Chinese philosopher and teacher
philosophy
system of beliefs and values
Middle Kingdom
what the ancient Chinese called China because they thought that China was the center of the earth
Huang He
Yellow River; also called "China's Sorrow" because it wipes out villages when it floods
Yangzi River
the longest river in China and Asia
Confucianism
a philosophy of ethics, education, and public service based on the writings of Confucius and traditionally thought of as one of the core elements of Chinese culture