Chapter 13 Infection Control
Terms in this set (65)
microbe; a small living organism that is not visible to the naked eye
a microorganism that is not capable of causing a disease
a microorganism that causes infection and disease
one celled microorganism some of which are beneficial and some of which cause diseases
a microscopic one celled animals often found in decayed materials & contaminated water
simple plant like organisms that live on dead organic matter
parasitic microorganisms that cannot live outside the cells of another living organism
smallest microorganisms only see with a electron microscope
serum hepatitis caused by HBV virus and it transmitted by blood serum and other body secretions.
caused by the hepatitis C virus or HCV and is transmitted by blood and blood containing body fluids.
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome(AIDS)
caused by the human immunodeficiency virus and suppresses the immune system.
require oxygen for animals to live
live in the absence of oxygen
infection of disease originates within the body
infection or disease originates outside the body.
one acquired by an individual in a health care facility
infections that occur when the body is week
where it can live
objects contaminated with infectious material that contains the pathogens
portal of exit
a way to escape from the reservoir in which it has been growing
mode of transmission
way in which it can be transmitted to another reservoir or host where it can live
portal of entry
way to enter a new reservoir or host
person likely to get an infection or disease
chain of infection
a causative agent, a reservoir, a portal or exit, a mode of transmission, a portal of entry, and a susceptible host
absence of disease producing microorganisms
prevent or inhibit growth of pathogenic organ isms by are not effective against spores and viruses
process that destroys or kills pathogenic organisms
process that destroys all microorganisms both pathogenic and non-pathogenic including spores and viruses
personal protective equipment(PPE)
gloves, gowns, lab coats, masks, face shields, etc.
rules developed by the Centers For Disease Control and Prevention.
tool that uses steam under pressure or gas to sterilize equipment and supplies
uses sound waves to clean
when bubbles strike the items being cleaned
free from all organisms
organisms and pathogens are present
area that has something sterile on it.
caused by a pathogenic organism that can be easily transmitted to others.
transmission-based isolations precautions
method or technique of caring for patients who have communicable disease
objects or parts of objects that do not contain diease producing organisms
used for patients known or suspected to be infected with pathogens transmitted by airborne droplet nuclei
must be followed for a patient known or suspected to be infected with pathogens transmitted by large particle droplets expelled during coughing, sneezing, talking, or laughing.
must be followed for a patient known or suspected to be infected with epidemiological.
methods used to protect certain patients from organisms present in the environment
Common pathogens include bacteria, viruses, fungi, ricekttsiae, protozoa
Place where causative agent can live, human body, animals, environment, and contaminated objects
Portal of Exit
Way for causative agent to escape from the reservoir
Means of transmission
Pathogen must be transmitted to another reservoir or host where it can live by direct contact or indirect contact
Portal of entry
Way to enter a new reservoir or host, break in the skin, respiratory tract, digestive tract, genitourinary tract, circulatory system
Individual who can contract the disease
a minute life form (especially a disease-causing bacterium)
rod shaped bacteria
any flagellated aerobic bacteria having a spirally twisted rodlike form
chemicals that inhibit the growth of or kill other microorganisms
whiplike tails found in one-celled organisms to aid in movement
any of various single-celled fungi that reproduce asexually by budding or division
a fungus that produces a superficial growth on various kinds of damp or decaying organic matter
any agent that destroys or prevents the growth of fungi
disease-causing bacteria or viruses that are carried through the body in the blood or body fluids
a government agency in the Department of Labor to maintain a safe and healthy work environment
accidentally sticking oneself with dirty needle after performing invasive procedures such as injections.
any objects that can penetrate the skin and have the potential for causing injury/infection
relative power of a pathogen to cause disease
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