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Ch. 2 Cultural Competence (Health Assessment)
Terms in this set (19)
A key to understanding cultural diversity is what?
self-awareness and knowledge of one's own culture
the Determinants of Health
a constellation of personal, social, economic, and environmental factors that influences an individual's health status
What has the greatest influence on health status?
a particular type of health difference that is closely linked with social, economic, and/or environmental disadvantage
Health disparities or unfair and avoidable health differences affect people who what?
experience social, economic, and/or environmental disadvantage
What has a deleterious effect on health care?
results in positive outcomes and satisfaction for the patient
takes into consideration the values, preferences, and expressed needs of the patient
CULTURAL AND LINGUISTIC COMPETENCE
a set of congruent behaviors, attitudes, and policies that come together in a system among professionals that enables work in cross-cultural situations
Socialization or enculturation
the process of being raised within a culture and acquiring the norms, values, and behaviors of that group
culture has four basic characteristics:
(1) learned from birth through the processes of language acquisition and socialization;
(2) shared by all members of the same cultural group;
(3) adapted to specific conditions related to environmental and technical factors and to the availability of natural resources; and
(4) dynamic and ever changing
the culture that develops in any given society is always what?
specific and distinctive, encompassing all the knowledge, beliefs, customs, and skills acquired by members of that society
Within cultures some groups of people share different beliefs, values, and attitudes; when such groups function within a large culture, they are referred to as what?
reflects self-identification by people according to race or races with which they closely identify
refers to a social group that may possess shared traits such as a common geographic origin, migratory status, religion, language, values, traditions or symbols, and food preferences
one's self-identification with a particular ethnic group
the process of social and psychological exchanges that take place when there are ongoing encounters between individuals of different cultures, with subsequent changes in either or both groups
take on the characteristics of the dominant culture
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