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120 terms

Micro Study Questions

STUDY
PLAY
gram positive endospore forming rod, obligate anaerobe
clostridium
gram positive endospore forming rod not obligate anaerobe
bacillus
gram positive non-endospore forming rods producing conidiospores
streptomyces
gram positive non-endospore forming rods acid fast
mycobacterium
gram positive non-endospore forming cocci lacking cytochrome system
streptococcus
gram positive non-endosproe forming cocci using aerobic respiration
staphylococcus
gram negative helical or curved with axial filament
treponema
gram negative helical or curved without axial filament
spirullum
gram negative rods aerobic non-fermenting
pseudomonas
gram negative rods facultatively anaerobic
escherichia, shigella
lack cell walls
mycoplasma
obligate intracellular parasites transmitted by ticks
rickettsia
obligate intracellular parasites with reticulate bodies in host cells
chlymydia
gram negative rods
you would expect to mostly find ..... in a gram stain of the human intesting
pathogenic bacteria can be....
motile, rods, cocci, anerobic
intracellular parasite
rickettsia
pleomorphic gram positive rods
corynebacterium
spirillum is not classified as a spirochete....
possess axial filaments
heterocysts
are found in some nitrogen fixing cyanobacteria
mycolic acids
found in the cell wall of mycobacterium
endoflagella
provide motility to spirochetes
geosmin
produced by many streptomyces
serovars, typhoid fever
salmonella
cause of Q fever
coxiella
several pseudomona species have been reclassified into this genus
burkholderia
grow obligately in white blood cells, cause a tick borne disease
ehrlichia
endosymbionts of insects
wolbachia
clostridium
endospores
fusobacterium
anaerobic gram negative slender rods with pointed ends
streptomyces
filamentous bacteria that produce most of our commercial antibiotics
gram positive cocci that form grape like clusters
staphylococcus
gram positive cocci that are aerotolerant anaerobes
streptomyces
cause of cat scratch fever
bartonella
cause of meliodosis
burkholderia
many of these are plant pathogens causing plant soft rot diseases
erwinia
chlamydia
infectious by elementary bodies
filamentous bacteria, aerobes, cell wall resembles mycobacteria, often stain acid fast
nocardia
spirochetes
leptospira
some of these are stalked and attach themselves to aquatic surfaces
caulobacter
caulobacter
stalks
many are capable of fixing nitrogen in the air
klebsiella
genus homo
domain eukarya
genus sulfolobus
domain archaea
genus staphylococcus
domain bacteria
genus chlamydia
domain bacteria
cytophaga
a genus of gliding bacteria that is an important cellulose degrader
sheathed bacterium
sphaerotilus natans
chemoautotrophic bacterium that participates in nitrification in soil
nitrosomona
photosynthetic bacteria that may fix nitrogen
cyanobacterium
photosynthetic, anoexygenic bacteria sulfer compounds for energy, sulfur granules in the cells
purple or green sulfer bacteria
has organelle that resemble the nucleus of a eukaryotic cell
cytophaga
cause of pertussis
bordetella pertussis
produces a food-poisoning enterotoxin
staphylococcus aureus
endospores
clostridium tetani
plague
yersenia pestis
important operation of an activated sludge sewage system
zoogloea
observed to fix nitrogen while living in close association with certain tropical grasses
azospirillum
filamentous bacterial pathogen
nocardia asteroides
bdellovibrio
deltaproteobacteria
heliobacter
epsilonproteobacteria
pseudomonas
gammaproteobacteria
escherichia
gammaproteobacteria
rhizobium
alphaproteobacteria
neisseria
betaproteobacteria
serratia marcescens
produce a red colored pigment
peptidoglycan
is not contained in the cell walls of archea
alpha hemolytic
types of bacteria forming a narrow greenish zone of hemolysis
beta hemolytic
types of bacteria forming a clear zone of hemolysis
streptococcus pyogenes
beta hemolytic bacteria
prosthecae
appendages such as stalks or buds on bacteria
dissimulartory
when nutrients are not assimilated and external products sucha s hydrogen sulfide as are formed
a gram positive bacterium with a G/C content of 35%
would be considered a member of the low G/C gram positive bacteria
ehrlichia
tick borne
have axial filaments
borrelia, the causative agent of lyme disease is a spirochete similar to treponema, both bacteria have.....
nitrogen fixing ability
azosprillus, azotobacter, and azomonas
burkeholderia is a frequent cause of nosocomial infections because....
it grows on some antiseptics
pseudomonas differs from eschericia because it
has polar flagella, is aerobic and is oxidase positive
cyanobacteria
are not pathogenic
enterics
facultatively anaerobic gram negative rods found in the intestines of animals
betaproteobacteria
do not contain nitrogen fixing bacteria
rickettsia are different from most other bacteria because they
are intracellular parasites
streptomyces are not fungi because
streptomyces have prokaryotic cells
factor believed to limit the size of most bacteria
the ability of nutrients to enter and move through the cell be diffusion and other membrane transport processes
how many different bacterial species have been described?
5000
borrelia cannot form
filaments
thiomargarita
is NOT in the domain archaea
bacillus is not in the phylum
actinobacter
ring like growth pattern on agar
proteus
axial filaments
spherochetes
eflux pumps
pseudomonas
requires a arthropod vector,rocky mountain spotted fever
rickettsia
common intestinal bacteria
gram negative, facultative anaerobes, enterics
does not require a vector
chlymydia
rickettsia
obligate intracellular gram negative parasite
virus
non-cellular, filterable, can be intracellular parasites or not, can be asexual or sexual
bacteria
cellular, filterable, can be intracellula parasite or not, can be asexual or sexual
ringworm
ascomycetes
candida
pathogenic when the opportunity arises following a heavy round of antibiotic
clostridium
gram negative obligate anaerobe that produces endospores
gastroenteritis from restaurant chicken
c.jejuni
coastal water, shell fish
vibrio
gonarrhea
neiserria gonarrhea
lyme disease
bb
syphyllis
treponema palladium
streptococcus mutans
dental caries
endoflagella
axial filaments
borrelia,leptospira,treponema
spirochetes-axial filaments(endoflagella)
proteobacteria
includes most gram negative chemoheterotrophic
chemoheterotroph
an organism that uses organic molecules as a source of carbon and energy
chemoautotroph
an organism that uses an inorganic chemical as an energy source and co2 as a carbon source
spirillum
fresh water, motile by conventional polar flagella, large gram negative aerobic bacteria
volutans
spirillum
haemophilus
x and v factors
tetanus
c tetani
botulism
c botulinum
c perfringens
gangrene
c difficile
diarrhea following antibiotics
aureus
golden, yellow pigmented colonies
strep pneumo
alpha hemolytic gram positive cocci causing pneumococcal pneumonia
bacteroides
deep infections, puncture wounds or surgery