Review: FINAL! SCIENCE!
Terms in this set (147)
A component of arterial fluids which imparts color to a solvent
The amount of HCHO measured in grams dissolved in 100ml of water
The "Father of Embalming in the U.S."
The decomposition of fats occurs by...
The escape of blood serum from an intravascular to an extravascular location
The last of the body compounds to decompose
The cooling of the body to the temperature of its surroundings
Instrument which can be used to hold a cotton ball used to disinfect the eyes
Methods of stimulating blood drainage
NOT applying a cavity fluid compress that's just a big waste of time
Suture used to close a trocar puncture
Color imparted to the body by radium treatments
If you used 2 bottles of arterial fluid to make 3½ gallons of a 3% solution, what would the index of the arterial fluid be?
Artery which should be raised and injected to facilitate the embalming of the body between the antecubital fossa and the wrist
What type of autopsy consists of the examination of the contents of the cranial and ventral cavities?
What type of solutions can be placed on opposite sides of a semi-permeable membrane without either solution attracting solvent from the other solution across the membrane?
Eyeball changes after death
Flattening of the eyeball
Clouding of the cornea
Loss of luster of the conjunctiva
If you use 8 oz of 16 index fluid to one gallon of water, what would be the index of your solution?
The embalming pressure achieved in gravity embalming
Methods for securing the calvarium
Any traumatic or pathological change in the structure of the skin
Promotes blood clotting, and has that CALCIUM in it
The maximum average level of exposure to
formaldehyde over an eight hour time period
This artery courses along the lateral margin of the crest of the tibia, passes through the center of the anterior surface of the ankle joint and becomes the dorsalis pedis artery
Considerations in artery&vein selection
Effect on posing the body
NOT race of the individual we were all created EQUAL
What body organ will produce hydrochloric acid?
This organ will also yield bile when aspirated by a trocar (it can do so many things)
Decomposition will develop rapidly in this case
Which test for death involves the discoloration of the distal part of a finger or toe?
Use of hydrogen peroxide in prep room
It can be used as a topical bleach and disinfectant of the body
The prescribed incision for a sclerotic blood vessel
Example of a pre-embalming chemical change in the body
Sodium lauryl sulfate
This is an example of a perfuming agent
Also the main surfactant we talk about
Widespread swelling of the skin due to effusion of fluid into the extracellular space
Distention of the body tissues is a complication of this...
With the embalming machine turned on and the rate of flow valve closed, the type of pressure being shown of the pressure gauge is...
Retards fluid distribution
Rigor mortis is detrimental to the embalming process because it...
Vascular embalming fluids are injected into the...
The arterial fluid injected into an edematous body will be...
Treatment of intravascular difficulties
Slow rate of flow under low pressure
Care in raising vessels
NOT high pressure
Advantages of removing blood
Diminish secondary dilution
Remove intravascular discolorations
Right approx. 15 degrees
The head should be tilted to the....
An extrinsic factor to be considered in the embalming of a body
The method of mouth closure which employs wires attached to small tacks which are inserted into the upper and lower jar
What index fluid must you use to have 2 gallons of diluted fluid with a strength of 1% if you use 16 oz. of concentrated fluid?
Trocar guide for stomach
Directing the trocar point toward the intersection of the fifth intercostal space and the left mid-axillary
Right and left common carotid
When embalming the autopsy case, which of the following blood vessels would you utilize to inject the head of the deceased?
Which of these terms is used to describe the color of the external tissue of an artery?
They impart a color to the tissue
What is the purpose of adding eosin and
erythrosine to arterial fluid?
Suture pattern used to turn under the excess margins of skin in an incision
Muscle which is injected with arterial fluid to facilitate the closure of the mouth
If an embalmer elevated a gravity percolator ten feet above the injection site how many pounds of potential pressure would be created?
Condition associated with edema
Commonly used disinfectant and preservative chemical agent found in hardening compounds
Type of anticoagulant which will breakup clots by causing the mineral particles of the blood to fall out of suspension
Quaternary ammonium compounds
These act as supplementary germicides in embalming fluids
A discoloration that appears on the body after death (??)
This really means after death but the test says this...I don't agree with it, I don't LIKE it, but that's showbusiness, baby
Use restricted drainage
What procedure may be used to return a body of an emaciated case to normal contour and moisture content
Which of the following accessory chemicals is designed to preserve tissue either by direct contact or through gaseous vapors?
Warmer than room temperature
What should the relative temperature of the primary dilution water be to embalm a severely dehydrated case?
An accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity
The distance between the eyes
The width of the eyes is equal to...
The supraorbital margin is created by the...
The most common head shape from the frontal viewpoint
Aspiration of the cranium
A protruding eye may require...
Darkening with an eyebrow pencil
When most of the hair mass remains, singed hair may be treated by...
The equal mixture of two primary hues creates a...
Orange, Green, Purple
Two pigmentary hues are said to be complementary if their mixture in equal quantities will produce this color
Yellow and blue
Green is an equal mixure of...
Breaking up white light into its many colors
The lightness or darkness of a hue
The nasolabial fold
A natural facial marking which creates fullness in the anterior cheek
Minor integumentary restorations
The surface restorer wax is used primarily for
which of the following?
Ligture is suggested for the creation of...
Purple red or crimson in coloration
The tail portion of the eyebrow moves...
Would filler wax
The firmest wax proposed for feature restoration and the deep filling of large cavities
Concealment with an opaque cosmetic
A discolored eyelid can be effectively treated by...
How many standard pigmentary hues can be found on the outermost ring of the Prang Color Wheel?
Warm color areas
Red pigment cosmetics is best used to reproduce the ______________________ of the face
Which lip wax is most adhesive?
The mucous membranes
Which of the following is the considered to be the most intense warm color area of the face?
The dorsum is associated with which facial feature?
Lemon juice or a 10% solution of sodium thiosulfate can be used to effectively remove the stain caused by...
Ingredient which makes a restorative wax easier to spread over tissue surfaces
Can be used to retard the setting time of a plaster of Paris solution
The term indicating the total lack of chroma and used to describe black and white
The large concave depression of the ear that is above, behind and below the ear passage
Warm color area
Area of the skin surface which, during life, is naturally reddened;
A place where cosmetics will be applied to restore the warmth that red will give
Firm and dry
This is how tissues to be restored should be after embalming
Tip of the nose
The point of greatest anterior projection of the nose is created by the...
The most common characteristics of the face or a facial feature, common or average is defined as...
Warm hues makes objects appear to...
8 to 10 hours
Ideal time interval between embalming and initiation of a wax restoration
The original scientific standard of color is the...
Causes of distention
Decomposition of tissues
NOT dehydration that would do the opposite
The buccal depression is found in the...
Furrows extending laterally from the outer corner of the eye
Paraformaldehyde is a ________________ of formaldehyde
The chemical formula for NaOH denotes which of the following compounds?
The swelling and bursting of blood cells in a hypotonic salt solution
Sugar in the bloodstream is in the form of...
Embalming prevents the decomposition of...
A covalent bond
The carbon to carbon bond in an organic compound is...
A disease having a slow onset and long duration
Death of a localized area of tissue
May be physiological or pathological
Leukocytosis is an example of a condition which....
The condition of having too few platelets in the blood
General paresis is cause by syphilis in the...
Widespread "pin-point" hemorrhages are more commonly known as...
The suffix "pathy" means...
Left subclavian artery
The third branch of the arch of the aorta is the...
Which of these bones has a bony landmark called the external occipital protuberance?
The inner layer of the wall of the heart
Number of deciduous teeth usually present in humans
Which branch of the internal carotid artery supplies blood to the eyeball?
Which blood vessel bifurcates into the right and
left common iliac arteries?
In relation to the lungs, the heart lies...
Left atrioventricular orifice
The bicuspid valve of the heart controls the flow of blood through the...
Syphilis is an infection caused by....
Which of the following viruses is most likely transmitted from person to person by unsanitary injection procedures?
The most widely applicable and effective sterilizing agent
Which part of the body is affected by encephalitis?
Which of the following enzymes causes blood plasma to clot?
Tuberculosis is an example of a...
Factors in action of chemical agents
Concentration of the disinfectant
Nature of material being disinfected
Number of microorganisms present
NOT the time of day that's just silly
Those bacteria that may be capable of forming spores are called...
Antibiotics have thus far been ineffective against most varieties or types of...
A type of plastic undergarment designed to cover the body from the chest down to the upper thigh
In the Jewish faith, a watcher;
one who sits with the body until burial
This should be removed from the body prior to cremation
A thin, dome-like shell made of hardened cloth, metal or plastic placed beneath eyelids to restore natural curvature and to maintain the position of posed eyelids
A flexible stretcher
When the transfer/removal is in an inaccessible area with narrow doors and stairs requiring the assistance of 2 funeral professionals, the required equipment used to move the body is...
The rites held at the time of disposition of human remains is referred to as the...
A disposition of human remains by cremation, without formal viewing, visitation, or ceremony with the body present
An air tray
A transfer container consisting of a wooden tray with a cardboard covered for the casket
Withdrawal of gas, fluids and semi-solids from the body cavities and hollow viscera by means of suction with an aspirator and a trocar
The preparation room
The facility in a funeral home especially designed and equipped for the embalming of dead human bodies
A cloth or garment in which a dead person is wrapped or dressed for burial
Ceremonial instructions of the Mormon Church, given only with a Temple to worthy members of the sect
Personal Protective Equipment uses
Preventing exposure to hazards
Avoiding contact with blood and other bodily fluids
Preventing exposure to disease and contagions
A mouth former
Device used in the mouth (duh) to help shape the contour of the lips
Post mortem stiffening of the body muscles by natural body processes
The disinfection carried out prior to the embalming process
A bleaching agent
A chemical that lightens the skin discolorations
Water blessed by a priest
A legal document, issued by a governmental agency, authorizing transportation and/or disposition of a dead human body
A perfuming agent
Chemicals found in embalming arterial formulations having the capability of displacing an unpleasant odor or of altering an unpleasant odor so that it is converted to a more pleasant one
Its a PERFUME basically
The service of Encasketing is part of this faith