Herbal Medicine

What herbal medicine is used topically for burns, insect bites and other skin lesions?
Aloe vera
What is an herbal remedy for ulcerative colitis and other intestinal irritations?
Aloe Vera is an herbal remeby for GIT irritations.

Side effects= cramping, diarrhea
Which herbal drug may have an adverse reaction in diabetic patients on oral hypoglycemics?
Aloe Vera taken orally for GIT problems: it may decrease blood sugar, thereby promoting hypoglycemia in patients on oral hypoglycemics.
What is an herbal drug with similar effect to tamoxifen, raloxifene, or fulvestrant?
Black Cohosh.
It binds estrogen receptors. It can be used in patients with breast cancer.

Black cohosh also suppresses LH secretion.
What herbal medicine is used to treat menopausal symptoms?
Black Cohosh
What natural product can be used to acidify urine and prevent E. coli adherence to the bladder wall (help in UTIs)?
What herbal medicine is commonly used to help treat the common cold, URI or flu?

It has antiinflammatory property and is thought to promote macrophage activity against microorganisms!

Echinacea should not be used as a prophylactic, limit its use to treatment and use no more than 2 weeks
A patient with allergies to sunflowers, daisies or ragweed should refrain from taking what herbal medicine?
Echinacea should be avoided by these patients
What herbal drug has positive inotropic and chronotropic effects on the heart?

used in mild CHF and angina
What can be used in the treatment of angina or mild CHF?
Hawthorn, which dilates coronary vessels and has a positive ino- and chronotropic effect on the heart.
What herbal drug should be avoided when taking cardiac glycosides (digitalis), anti-arrhythmics, or beta-blockers?
Avoid Hawthorn when taking drugs for arrhythmias.
What herbal drug is used to treat varicose veins or hemorrhoids?
Horse chestnut seed extract inhibit enzymes that breakdown capillary wall proteins. They are used to help treat varicose veins or hemorrhoids.
Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy can be treated with what herbal remedy?
Saw Palmetto.
What herb inhibits the re-uptake of serotonin, NE, and dopamine?
St. John's Wort inhibits catecholamine reuptake. It can therefore be used in depression.
What are adverse reaction to St. John's Wort?
Photosensitivity, xerostomia, sexual dysfunction
Why should St. John's Wort not be given to people on other allopathic medications?
St. John's Wort induces the CYP450 system, and therefore increases the metabolism of other drugs!

it also decreases iron absorption, so Fe2+ levels must be watched
What herb is used as a sedative, often before bedtime?
Valerian increases GABA and is used to treat insomnia and anxiety. Take orally 30 minutes before bed.
You should avoid taking valerian with what allopathic medications?
Avoid valerian with CNS depressants... recall, valerian increases GABA, which is a CNS depressant. There will therefore be additive effects with other CNS depressors such as barbiturates, benzodiazepines, alcohol...