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humanities exam 1
Terms in this set (120)
What change occurred in human civilization during the Neolithic period?
Humans shifted from being hunters and gathers to herders and farmers.
Which statement is true about both the Paleolithic cave paintings in Europe and Stone Age Australian "X-ray style" rock paintings?
the animals in the paintings were consumed as food by humans.
Stonehenge is referred to as a cromlech because
the henge has a religious purpose.
Which of the following statements is true about the Akkadian Victory Stele of Naram-Sin?
The king is shown largest among all the figures.
Which term best describes the religion developed by Zoroaster, and adopted as part of Persian culture?
The Law Code of Hammurabi was created by the king of which civilization?
What role did King Narmer play in ancient Egyptian civilization?
He unified Upper and Lower Egypt.
The ancient Egyptian system of hieroglyphs is similar to the cuneiform type of writing because:
it is composed of symbolic pictograms.
Egyptian sculpture maintained a similar look over many centuries because
a specific set of conventions dictated artistic representations.
What important change occurred in Egyptian culture during the reign of Akhenaten?
The worship of one god replaced polytheism.
A large stone found in the Nile Delta, incised to honor the Egyptian pharaoh, Ptolemy V, has text in three different languages, including Egyptian hieroglyphics. That stone is known as:
The religion that is based on two opposing ideas, or two forces, light and darkness, good and evil contending for supremacy is known as
Gilgamesh, the oldest literary work in the world, and the Bible both have narratives about a historic event
a great flood
An Ancient religion that had many gods and goddesses that possessed human forms and personalities but were immortal was called:
An ancient tomb, concealed under a huge earthen mound, with terra cotta warriors guarding the deceased emperor, is located in:
Each of the following civilizations flourished before the rise of the Greek culture except:
Figures such as the Statuette of a Woman are thought to represent:
the Mother Goddess associated with fertility.
In what way do Minoan Palace Style ceramics differ from earlier Kamares Ware?
The painted decoration appears to ascend the sides of the vessel.
Democracy emerged in Athens out of the demes, or:
The tradition of narrative history was initiated by:
Which of the following statements about syllogism is true?
It is based on a series of logically related statements.
In terms of amount of decoration (least to most), which of the following series of architectural orders is correct?
Doric, Ionic, Corinthian
All of the following statements about Greek korai and kouroi are true except which one?
They stand in a contrapposto pose.
Ceramic objects are particularly important because they:
display rare examples of ancient Greek painting.
Greek epics such as The Iliad and The Odyssey were based on what earlier foundation?
a long tradition of oral storytelling
The Greeks believed their gods inhabited the top of Mount Olympus. The family of gods was called the:
In ancient Peru, ceramic vessels were created that differenced from ancient Greek ceramics in that:
they were monochromatic and decoration is sculpted or incised into the vessel
A precursor to the Roman Colosseum was the Ball Court at a temple in Oaxaca, Mexico. The games played by ancient Americans included:
sports combined with religious rituals
This ancient philosopher believed that music could educate the moral faculties, and was meant to display moderation and harmony.
This Mayan epic of myth and literature describes the creation of the world, and proposed that the gods wished to create intelligent beings who would praise them.
Among the most significant artworks found in Etruscan tombs are:
The Roman Empire was founded in:
27 B.C.E. by Augustus.
Ancient Romans developed the system of patronage, in which:
plebeians were supported and protected by the patricians.
the Colosseum in Rome demonstrates which innovations by the ancient Romans?
Its structure is made of concrete and vaults.
What purpose does the oculus serve in ancient Roman buildings such as the Pantheon?
It allows light to enter the building's interior.
In which of the following ways does Roman architecture show the influence of the Greeks?
the use of architectural orders
Which of the following characterizes Roman sculpture?
The naturalistic style emphasizes real and recognizable individuals and events.
The Fourth Style of Roman wall painting is referred to as a "composite" style because:
it incorporates characteristics of the earlier "false" styles.
in writing his Meditations, the emperor Marcus Aurelius (reigned 16 -180 c.e.) was influenced by:
the philosophy of Stoicism.
What literary genre appears to have been invented by the Romans?
During the time of ancient Rome, other cultures were developing traditions. Native Americans adopted a system of creating burial mounds. One of the most famous ones, located in Ohio, resembles:
a 1,330 foot long snake
In China, the Qin dynasty accomplished great things, including, 1.standardizing currency, weights and measures
2.building roads and canals
3.all of these choices
4.the 1,400-mile Great Wall as a defense against invaders
all of these choices
In India, a highly revered Buddhist pilgrimage site contains relics of Buddha. This large circular structure with a dome is called:
The Great Stupa
The Nigerian area of Africa during 500 B.C.E. to 200 C.E, created early terra cotta sculpture. This art is attributed to what culture?
The Nok culture
Aztec gods in Mesiamerica included one whose followers believed human sacrifice was needed to prove devotion. The other was more peaceful and was honored as the patron of agriculture and the arts. The Aztec emphasis on human sacrifice derived from devotion to which one?
Who was the first Hebrew leader?
A central theme of the first five books of the Bible is God's covenant, or:
agreement with mankind.
Many indigenous African religions are characterized by the doctrine of pantheism, which is the belief:
that divinity resides in many things.
Parables were used by Jesus to:
teach lessons central to the Christian faith.
What key idea in Christian thought was emphasized by both the early missionary Paul and, later, Augustine of Hippo?
distrust of the human body
To accommodate large numbers of worshipers for services, early Christians developed the architectural form known as the:
Islam was first proclaimed by the prophet Muhammad in Mecca around the year:
Like Judaism and Christianity, Islam is what type of religion?
Which of the following is characteristic of Islamic artworks?
calligraphy used to create designs and patterns
In addition to believing in Allah as the only God, Muslims must fulfill obligations set forth in the:
Legend says that while sitting under the Bodhi tree, Buddha achieved enlightenment which can be summarized into:
The Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path
One of the key elements shared by the numerous African religions is the idea that divinity resides in many things, including trees, animals, and mountains. This is called:
The early Christians buried their dead in underground cemeteries, which were corridors of caves lined with shelves to hold the bodies. These places are called:
The scripture of Islam is a word that means "revelation" or "recitation." That word is:
In the md-twentieth century, archeologists discovered a Mayan tomb in Mexico that revealed information about the belief system of the Mayan civilization. The tomb housed the remains of a Mayan King, known as:
Pacal the great
The Early Middle Ages was marked by the influence and confluence of the Christian Church and what other force?
What art form are illuminations associated with?
The Carolingian era was marked by what type of social system?
Many Christian churches built during the Middle Ages:
were located on or near pilgrimage routes
The Gothic style was predominant after 1140 in which country?
In what key way do Gothic churches differ from Romanesque churches?
The emphasis is on vertical light-filled spaces with thin walls.
What purpose did flying buttresses serve in Gothic architecture?
They provided stability by transferring thrust outward and down.
What two ideas were synthesized by St. Thomas Aquinas, most notably in his Summa Theologica?
Aristotelian philosophy and Catholic thought
Which of the following is a musical form that is directly linked to a religious liturgy?
What commonality is shared by the three major literary works of the Middle Ages: Dante's Inferno, Chaucer's Canterbury Tales, and Boccaccio's Decameron?
The motif of the journey used to provide a structure for the story
his "City Temple" in Cambodia was first used as a Hindu temple and later as a Buddhist. In it, a temple mountain represents Mount Meru, home of the gods. The temple is known as:
Ganesha, the Hindu god of prosperity and success, is worshiped as the Remover of Obstacles. The god's form is:
part human and part animal
The first official document to set limits on royal authority also gave freemen certain rights, including trial by jury. This document paved the way for the development of democracy.
the magna carta
Huge, monolithic figures encircle Easter Island in the Pacific Ocean.
The fortified town of Machu Picchu is one of the most impressive building and engineering feats of the Inca civilization. It is located in:
What cultural shift is reflected in the term humanism?
the change in focus from sacred matters to secular concerns
In what key way did portraiture change during the Early Renaissance?
Artists began to show individuals and their features rather than ideal types.
Which of the following is an egg-based painting medium?
Donatello's sculptural work stands apart from much Early Renaissance art because of its:
Which architect, considered one of the greatest of the Early Renaissance, created the dome of the Florence Cathedral?
Marsilio Ficino translated the work of which ancient philosopher?
Petrarch formalized and popularized which literary form?
Unlike artists in Italy, Renaissance artists in Northern Europe tended to prefer to paint:
detailed small-scale paintings on wood panels.
An artwork made up of multiple separate panels, such as an altarpiece, is known as a:
Which of the following statements about a madrigal is true?
The madrigal is secular vocal music written for lyrics in the vernacular.
This Russian artist painted a masterpiece of gesso and tempera on a wood panel depicting the Holy Trinity. The artist is:
A 6' 3" tall mixed-media sculpture, created by an Aztec artist in about 1480, can be compared to what famous artwork?
Twenty-four emperors lived in a vast imperial palace in China during the time period known as the Early Renaissance. This structure in Beijing is known as:
the forbidden city
Artist Kamal al-Din Bihzad created an exquisitely detailed painting in 1488 during the Timurid Dynasty. The painting is called:
Seduction of Joseph
Stringed musical instruments began to be developed around the world, including the lute in Europe, the pipa in China, and another stringed instrument in India called a:
Rome became the center of artistic production in Italy during the Later/High Renaissance because of:
the power of the popes.
The techniques of chiaroscuro and sfumato were developed by which artist?
Which of the following characteristics was NOT one of the ways in which Mannerist artworks differed from High Renaissance ideals?
realistic and identifiable subjects
Which of the following artists was NOT a significant Renaissance painter or printer in Northern Europe?
Johannes Gutenberg invented movable type and the printing press in the:
The Reformation resulted in:
the emergence of many new Christian religions.
Who is the author of the 95 Theses?
Which of the following best defines the term iconoclasm?
the destruction of religious imagery
Who is considered the father of the modern essay?
Michel de Montaigne
Shakespeare's plays are written in unrhymed iambic pentameter, also called:
About the same time Leonardo da Vinci was painting the Mona Lisa, an artist in Nigeria was creating a female portrait depicting the African Queen Mother, Idia. The artwork was created in:
Artwork in Afghanistan during the Later Renaissance period of Europe included detailed manuscripts. In one, the story tells of a king who marries seven princesses from each of the seven regions of the world. The art is known as:
Bahram Gur in the Turquoise Pavilion
A sculpture from this country entitled Seated Couple depicts equality in marriage with men and women having equal responsibilities.
Flying buttresses are part of construction techniques in Europe, while, in this country, domes of differing sizes provided structural support and unique architectural design elements
This Russian Orthodox cathedral includes a central octagonal church surrounded by smaller churches connected by corridors. Topping the individual churches are flame-shaped domes with complex and varied patterns and colors. This structure is called:
Saint Basil's in Moscow
All of the following are key characteristics of the Baroque era except which one?
preference for small scale
Who was the founder of the modern empirical tradition?
Caravaggio's tenebristic manner is reflected in his paintings by the:
Dramatic use of light and shadows
The heightened realism and theatricality of the Baroque is evident in David and Saint Theresa in Ecstasy, two sculptures by which artist?
The sensuality that is characteristic of Baroque art, seen in his painting Garden of Love, is evident in the work of which northern European artist?
Peter Paul Rubens
What formed the basis for René Descartes' approach to thinking?
An opera includes which of the following two vocal forms?
recitative and arias
Johann Sebastian Bach is known for his work in which vocal musical form that is composed of a theme and counterpoint?
Miguel de Cervantes's Don Quixote is an example of what type of novel?
What was the primary inspiration for French Baroque plays?
Science made great strides during the Baroque period. The development of the telescope allowed humans to view sunspots, moon craters, planet Venus and the moons of Jupiter. The inventor of the telescope was:
This complex building in India was constructed as a monument to love and loss by the emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his favorite wife, who died giving birth to their fourteenth child. This building is known as
Reza 'Abbasi created artwork in miniature, depicting scenes of court life and using an intricate linear approach similar to calligraphy. An example of his work is showcased in the Metropolitan Museum in New York and is titled:
The Himeji Castle in Japan includes a complex layout of paths, and the building is constructed with angles, curves and lines. Upturned eaves on the roofs are typical of eastern style traditional Chinese and Japanese structures. The castle is also known as the:
White Heron Castle
Among the most popular literary forms in Japan is a three-line poem consisting of 17 syllables in a pattern of five, seven, and five syllables per line. This type of poem is known as a:
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