Only $35.99/year

Terms in this set (56)

*Surveillance: Describes and monitors health events through ongoing and systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of health data for the purpose of planning, implementing, and evaluating public health interventions.
*Disease and other health event investigation: Systematically gathers and analyzes data regarding threats to the health of populations, ascertains the source of the threat, identifies cases and others at risk, and determines control measures.
*Outreach: Locates populations of interest or populations at risk and provides information about the nature of the concern, what can be done about it, and how services can be obtained.
*Screening: Identifies individuals with unrecognized health risk factors or asymptomatic disease conditions in populations.
*Case finding: Locates individuals and families with identified risk factors and connects them with resources.
*Referral and follow-up: Helps individuals, families, groups, organizations, and/or communities identify and access necessary resources to prevent or resolve problems or concerns.
*Case management: Optimizes self-care capabilities of individuals and families and the capacity of systems and communities to coordinate and provide services.
*Delegated functions: Direct care tasks a registered professional nurse carries out under the authority of a health care practitioner as allowed by law.
*Health teaching: Communicates facts, ideas, and skills that change knowledge, attitudes, values, beliefs, behaviors, and practices of individuals, families, systems, and/or communities.
*Counseling: Establishes an interpersonal relationship intended to increase or enhance capacity for self-care and coping with a community, system, and family or individual.
*Consultation: Seeks information and generates optional solutions to perceived problems or issues through interactive problem-solving with a community, system, and family or individual.
*Collaboration: Commits two or more persons or organizations to achieve a common goal through enhancing the capacity of one or more of the members to promote and protect health.
*Coalition building: Promotes and develops alliances among organizations or constituencies for a common purpose.
*Community organizing: Helps community groups identify common problems or goals, mobilize resources, and develop and implement strategies for reaching the goals they collectively have set.
*Advocacy: Plead someone's cause or act on someone's behalf, with focus on developing the capacity of the community, system, and individual or family to plead their own cause or act on their own behalf.
*Social marketing: Uses commercial marketing principles and technologies for programs designed to influence the knowledge, attitudes, values, beliefs, behaviors, and practices of the population of interest.
*Policy development and enforcement: Places health issues on decision-makers' agendas, acquires a plan of resolution, and determines needed resources, resulting in laws, rules, regulations, ordinances, and policies. Policy enforcement compels others to comply with laws, rules, regulations, ordinances, and policies.
*Policy denotes a course of action to be followed by a government, business, or institution to obtain a desired effect.
*Public policy denotes precepts and standards formed by governmental bodies (legislative, executive, or judicial) that are of fundamental concern to the state and the whole of the general public.
*Health policy is a statement of a decision regarding a goal in health care and a plan for achieving that goal.
*Nursing policy specifies nursing leadership that influences and shapes health policy and nursing practice.
*Institutional policies are rules that govern worksites and identify the institution's goals, operation, and treatment of employees.
*Organizational policies are rules that govern organizations and their positions on issues with which the organization is concerned
*Social policy is policy associated with individuals and communities. In very general terms, social policy can be defined as the branch of public policy that advances social welfare and enhances participation in society.
*Laws are rules of conduct or procedure; they result from a combination of legislation, judicial decisions, constitutional decisions, and administrative actions.
*Public health law focuses on legal issues in public health practice and on the public health effects of legal practice. Public health law typically has three major areas of practice: police power, disease and injury prevention, and the law of populations.
*Statutes are any laws passed by a legislative body at the federal, state, or local level.
*Organizations are associations that set and enforce standards in a particular area; a group of individuals who voluntarily enter into an agreement to accomplish a purpose.
*Professional associations are nonprofit organizations seeking to further a particular profession, the interests of individuals engaged in that profession, and the public interest.